Freimaurer Pin Abzeichen Freimaurer Regalia Augenpyramide Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK • EUR 0,01 (2024)

Siehe Details auf eBayerhältlich bei

Unverkauft Siehe ähnliche Artikel EUR 0,01 0 Gebote oder Preisvorschlag, EUR 7,02 Versand, 30-Tag Rücknahmen, eBay-Käuferschutz

Verkäufer: checkoutmyunqiuefunitems ✉️ (4.137) 99.9%, Artikelstandort: Manchester, Take a look at my other items, GB, Versand nach: WORLDWIDE, Artikelnummer: 276530294224 Freimaurer Pin Abzeichen Freimaurer Regalia Augenpyramide Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK. Third Duke of York and Albany (See Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany). Served as the president of both Southeastern Oklahoma State University and Oklahoma State University. He was appointed by Harry S. Truman as an Assistant Secretary of State. Masonic Badge This is a Pyramid with Eye Brass Pin Badge with Glass Dome It is 30mm and weights 7 grams It is Very Good Condition I dont know how old this is but it looks very old Would make an Excellent Lucky Charm or Collectible Keepsake Souvenir I will have a lot of Masonic on Ebay so please see my other items Bid with Confidence - Check My 100% Positive Feedback from over 2,000 Satisfied Customers I have over 10 years of Ebay Selling Experience - So Why Not Treat Yourself? I have got married recently and need to raise funds to meet the costs also we are planning to move into a house together I always combined postage on multiple items so why not > Check out my other items ! I Always Leave instant Feedback Automatically on Receiving payment All Payment Methods in All Major Currencies Accepted. All Items Sent out within 24 hours of Receiving Payment. Overseas Bidders Please Note Surface Mail Delivery Times > Western Europe takes up to 2 weeks, Eastern Europe up to 5 weeks, North America up to 6 weeks, South America, Africa and Asia up to 8 weeks and Australasia up to 12 weeks For that Interesting Conversational Piece, A Birthday Present, Christmas Gift, A Comical Item to Cheer Someone Up or That Unique Perfect Gift for the Person Who has Everything....You Know Where to Look for a Bargain! If You Have any Questions Please Message me thru ebay a nd I Will Reply ASAP Thanks for Looking and Best of Luck with the Bidding!! I have sold items to coutries such as Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * American Samoa (US) * Andorra * Angola * Anguilla (GB) * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Aruba (NL) * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bermuda (GB) * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bonaire (NL) * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Bouvet Island (NO) * Brazil * British Indian Ocean Territory (GB) * British Virgin Islands (GB) * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Cayman Islands (GB) * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Christmas Island (AU) * Cocos Islands (AU) * Colombia * Comoros * Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Cook Islands (NZ) * Coral Sea Islands Territory (AU) * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Curaçao (NL) * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Falkland Islands (GB) * Faroe Islands (DK) * Fiji Islands * Finland * France * French Guiana (FR) * French Polynesia (FR) * French Southern Lands (FR) * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Gibraltar (GB) * Greece * Greenland (DK) * Grenada * Guadeloupe (FR) * Guam (US) * Guatemala * Guernsey (GB) * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) * Honduras * Hong Kong (CN) * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Isle of Man (GB) * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Jan Mayen (NO) * Japan * Jersey (GB) * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macau (CN) * Macedonia * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Martinique (FR) * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mayotte (FR) * Mexico * Micronesia * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Montserrat (GB) * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Navassa (US) * Nepal * Netherlands * New Caledonia (FR) * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * Niue (NZ) * Norfolk Island (AU) * North Korea * Northern Cyprus * Northern Mariana Islands (US) * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestinian Authority * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Pitcairn Island (GB) * Poland * Portugal * Puerto Rico (US) * Qatar * Reunion (FR) * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saba (NL) * Saint Barthelemy (FR) * Saint Helena (GB) * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Martin (FR) * Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Sao Tome and Principe * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Sint Eustatius (NL) * Sint Maarten (NL) * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Georgia (GB) * South Korea * South Sudan * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Svalbard (NO) * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tokelau (NZ) * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) * Tuvalu * U.S. Minor Pacific Islands (US) * U.S. Virgin Islands (US) * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna (FR) * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe and major cities such as Tokyo, Yokohama, New York City, Sao Paulo, Seoul, Mexico City, Osaka, Kobe, Kyoto, Manila, Mumbai, Delhi, Jakarta, Lagos, Kolkata, Cairo, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Moscow, Shanghai, Karachi, Paris, Istanbul, Nagoya, Beijing, Chicago, London, Shenzhen, Essen, Düsseldorf, Tehran, Bogota, Lima, Bangkok, Johannesburg, East Rand, Chennai, Taipei, Baghdad, Santiago, Bangalore, Hyderabad, St Petersburg, Philadelphia, Lahore, Kinshasa, Miami, Ho Chi Minh City, Madrid, Tianjin, Kuala Lumpur, Toronto, Milan, Shenyang, Dallas, Fort Worth, Boston, Belo Horizonte, Khartoum, Riyadh, Singapore, Washington, Detroit, Barcelona,, Houston, Athens, Berlin, Sydney, Atlanta, Guadalajara, San Francisco, Oakland, Montreal, Monterey, Melbourne, Ankara, Recife, Phoenix/Mesa, Durban, Porto Alegre, Dalian, Jeddah, Seattle, Cape Town, San Diego, Fortaleza, Curitiba, Rome, Naples, Minneapolis, St. Paul, Tel Aviv, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lisbon, Manchester, San Juan, Katowice, Tashkent, f*ckuoka, Baku, Sumqayit, St. Louis, Baltimore, Sapporo, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Taichung, Warsaw, Denver, Cologne, Bonn, Hamburg, Dubai, Pretoria, Vancouver, Beirut, Budapest, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Campinas, Harare, Brasilia, Kuwait, Munich, Portland, Brussels, Vienna, San Jose, Damman , Copenhagen, Brisbane, Riverside, San Bernardino, Cincinnati and Accra No one knows with certainty how or when the Masonic Fraternity was formed. A widely accepted theory among Masonic scholars is that it arose from the stonemasons' guilds during the Middle Ages. The language and symbols used in the fraternity's rituals come from this era. The oldest document that makes reference to Masons is the Regius Poem, printed about 1390, which was a copy of an earlier work. In 1717, four lodges in London formed the first Grand Lodge of England, and records from that point on are more complete. Within thirty years, the fraternity had spread throughout Europe and the American Colonies. Freemasonry became very popular in colonial America. George Washington was a Mason, Benjamin Franklin served as the head of the fraternity in Pennsylvania, as did Paul Revere and Joseph Warren in Massachusetts. Other well-known Masons involved with the founding of America included John Hanco*ck, John Sullivan, Lafayette, Baron Fredrick von Stuben, Nathanael Greene, and John Paul Jones. Another Mason, Chief Justice John Marshall, shaped the Supreme Court into its present form. Over the centuries, Freemasonry has developed into a worldwide fraternity emphasizing personal study, self-improvement, and social betterment via individual involvement and philanthropy. During the late 1700s it was one of the organizations most responsible for spreading the ideals of the Enlightenment: the dignity of man and the liberty of the individual, the right of all persons to worship as they choose, the formation of democratic governments, and the importance of public education. Masons supported the first public schools in both Europe and America. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Freemasonry grew dramatically. At that time, the government had provided no social "safety net". The Masonic tradition of founding orphanages, homes for widows, and homes for the aged provided the only security many people knew. Today in North America, the Masonic Fraternity continues this tradition by giving almost $1.5 million each day to causes that range from operating children's hospitals, providing treatment for childhood language disorders, treating eye diseases, funding medical research, contributing to local community service, and providing care to Masons and their families at Masonic Homes. The four million Masons worldwide continue to help men and women face the problems of the 21st century by building bridges of brotherhood and instilling in the hearts of men ideals for a better tomorrow. Overview[hide] Grand Lodge Masonic lodge Masonic lodge officers Grand Master Prince Hall Freemasonry Regular Masonic jurisdiction Continental Freemasonry History[hide] History of Freemasonry Liberté chérie Masonic manuscripts Masonic bodies[hide] Masonic Masonic bodies York Rite Order of Mark Master Masons Holy Royal Arch Royal Arch Masonry Cryptic Masonry Knights Templar Red Cross of Constantine Scottish Rite Knight Kadosh Societas Rosicruciana Order of Royal and Select Masters Grand College of Rites Swedish Rite Order of Saint Thomas of Acon Royal Order of Scotland Order of Knight Masons Research Lodge Corks Side degrees The Shrine Royal Order of Jesters Tall Cedars of Lebanon The Grotto Masonic groups for women Women and Freemasonry Order of the Amaranth Order of the Eastern Star Co-Freemasonry Masonic youth organizations DeMolay A.J.E.F. Job's Daughters International Order of the Rainbow for Girls Views of Masonry[hide] Anti-Masonry Anti-Masonic Party Grand Anti-Masonic Exhibition Masonic conspiracy theories Opposition to Freemasonry within Christianity Papal ban of Freemasonry Suppression of Freemasonry Taxil hoax People and places[hide] Masonic Temple James Anderson Prince Hall William Preston Thomas Smith Webb Albert Mackey Albert Pike John the Evangelist John the Baptist William Schaw Elizabeth Aldworth List of Freemasons Lodge Mother Kilwinning Freemasons' Hall, London Mark Masons' Hall, London House of the Temple Solomon's Temple Detroit Masonic Temple List of Masonic buildings Related[hide] Masonic ritual and symbolism Great Architect of the Universe Square and Compasses Pigpen cipher Eye of Providence Hiram Abiff Sprig of Acacia Masonic Landmarks Pike's Morals and Dogma Propaganda Due Dermott's Ahiman Rezon Volume of Sacred Law By country[hide] Barbados Belgium Canada Croatia Denmark France Finland Germany Iceland Indonesia Italy Lebanon Luxembourg Malta Mexico Portugal Romania Russia Scotland Spain Sri Lanka Sweden Philippines Turkey Ukraine Venezuela his "List of Freemasons" page provides links to alphabetized lists of notable Freemasons. Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation which exists in a number of forms worldwide. Throughout history some members of the fraternity have made no secret of their involvement, while others have not made their membership public. In some cases, membership can only be proven by searching through the fraternity's records. Such records are most often kept at the individual lodge level, and may be lost due to fire, flood, deterioration, or simple carelessness. Grand Lodge governance may have shifted or reorganized, resulting in further loss of records on the member or the name, number, location or even existence of the lodge in question. In areas of the world where Masonry has been suppressed by governments, records of entire grand lodges have been destroyed. Because of this, masonic membership can sometimes be difficult to verify. John Aasen (1890–1938), American silent film actor. Highland Park Lodge No. 382 Los Angeles, California.[1][2][3] José Abad Santos (1886–1942), fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and Acting President of the Philippines during World War II.[4] Leon Abbett (1835–1894) American politician, served as Governor of New Jersey, from 1884 to 1887 and from 1890 to 1893. Member Mystic Tie Lodge 272 (New York City) and several others.[1] John Abbott (1821–1893) Canadian Prime Minister. Initiated: St. Paul's, No. 374, E.R., Montreal, 1847.[5] Joseph Palmer Abbott (1842–1901) Australian politician, 1899[6] Robert S. Abbott (1870–1940) African-American lawyer and newspaper publisher[7][8][9] William "Bud" Abbott (1895–1974) American comedian and actor (part of the Abbott & Costello comedy team).[10][11] Abdelkader El Djezairi (1808–1883) Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century.[1][12][13] Nicanor Abelardo (1893–1934) Filipino composer. Raised in Luzon Lodge No. 57[14] Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801) Scottish soldier (Lieutenant-general in the British Army) and politician (MP 1774–1780, 1784–1786)[15] Thomas Abernethy (16 May 1903 – 11 June 1998) member of the United States House of Representatives from Mississippi. Received degrees in Eupora Lodge No. 423, Eupora, Mississippi.[1] Edmond François Valentin About (14 February 1828 – 16 January 1885) French novelist, publicist and journalist.[1] Benjamin Abrams (18 August 1893 – 23 June 1967) Romanian-born American businessman and a founder of the Emerson Radio & Phonograph Corporation. Member of Farragut Lodge No. 976, New York City.[1] Franz Abt (22 December 1819 – 31 March 1885) German composer and choral conductor. Initiated in Brunswick Lodge in 1853.[1] Roy Acuff (1903–1992), American country music singer.[16] Major General Sir Allan Adair, 6th Baronet, GCVO, CB, DSO, MC & Bar, JP, DL (3 November 1897 – 4 August 1988), was a British Army general who served in both World Wars. Household Brigade Lodge No. 2614 and appointed Assistant Grand Master of the G.L. of England in 1953.[1] E. Ross Adair (14 December 1907 – 5 May 1983) U.S. Representative from Indiana. Raised in Albion Lodge No. 97, Albion, Indiana.[1] Alva Adams (14 May 1850 – 1 November 1922) three time governor of Colorado. Member of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction).[1] Alva B. Adams (29 October 1875 – 1 December 1941) United States Senator Colorado.[1] Andrew Adams (7 January 1736 – 26 November 1797) Delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress and later Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court. Member of St. Paul's Lodge No. 11, Litchfield, Connecticut.[1] Charles Adams (18 October 1876 – 2 October 1947) American businessman and sports promoter. Was a Knight Templar and Shriner.[1] Frank R. Adams (7 July 1883 – 8 October 1963) American author, screenwriter, composer, and newspaper reporter.[1] Jasper Adams (27 August 1793 – 25 October 1841) American clergyman, college professor, and college president. Raised in Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 4, Providence, Rhode Island.[1] Sherman Adams (1899–1986) American politician (Elected to U.S. Congress and as Governor of New Hampshire).[1][10] Samuel Adams (5 June 1805 – 27 February 1850) third governor of Arkansas. Junior Warden pro-tem of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas in 1844.[1] Wilbur L. Adams (23 October 1884 – 4 December 1937) American lawyer and politician from Delaware. Served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.[1] Henry Adamson (1581–1639) Scottish poet and historian. Wrote one of the earliest known references to the Mason's Word.[1] Michael Adeane, Baron Adeane Lieutenant-Colonel, GCB, GCVO, PC (30 September 1910 – 30 April 1984), was Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II during the first twenty years of her reign and to her father, King George VI prior. Served as Senior Grand Deacon of the Grand Lodge of England in 1946.[1] Charles Adkins (7 February 1863 – 31 March 1941) U.S. Representative from Illinois.[1] Jesse Corcoran Adkins (13 April 1879 – 29 March 1955) United States federal judge in the District Court for the District of Columbia.[1] Julius Ochs Adler (3 December 1892 – 3 October 1955) American publisher, journalist, and United States Army general. Member of Justice Lodge No. 753 of New York City.[1] Adolphus Frederick IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (5 May 1738 – 2 June 1794), Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Member of the Lodge at New-Brandeburg.[1] Adolf Frederick (14 July 1710 – 12 February 1771) King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. Master of a Stockholm lodge and received the title of Protector of Swedish Freemasonry in 1762.[1] Ignacio Agramonte (1841–1873) Cuban revolutionary, who played an important part in the Ten Years' War (1868–1878).[1] Gregorio Aglipay (1860–1940) Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.[17] Emilio Aguinaldo (1869–1964), President of the Philippines. Pilar Lodge No. 203 (now Pilar Lodge No. 15) at Imus Cavite and was founder of Magdalo Lodge No. 31 (renamed Emilio Aguinaldo Lodge No. 31 in his honor).[10] Agustín I of Mexico (1783–1824) Emperor of Mexico[18] Granville Pearl Aikman (1858-1923), State of Kansas District Judge and suffragist[19] William David Blakeslee Ainey (8 April 1864 – 4 September 1932) Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.[1] John C. Ainsworth (6 June 1822 – 30 December 1893) American pioneer businessman and steamboat owner in Oregon. Helped organize the Grand Lodge of Oregon and served as grand master 1854–55.[1] Milburn Akers (1900–1970) Chicago journalist, chairman of the Board of Trustees of McKendree College, and the ninth president of Shimer College.[1] George Edward Akerson (1889–1937) American journalist, and the first official White House Press Secretary. Received 32° in Minneapolis 27 February 1929.[1] Adeyemo Alakija KBE (25 May 1884 – 1952) Nigerian lawyer, politician and businessman. Co-founded the Daily Times of Nigeria. Member Star of Nigeria Chapter No. 255, R.A.M. 23° AASR.[1] Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel Order of Santiago, Order of Charles III, KCB, MWO (7 July 1770 – 14 July 1843) Spanish general and statesman. Imprisoned in 1814 for being a Freemason.[1] Juan Bautista Alberdi (29 August 1810 – 19 June 1884) Argentine political theorist and diplomat.[1] Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (8 January 1864 – 14 January 1892) eldest son of King Edward VII.[1] Carl Albert (10 May 1908 – 4 February 2000) American politician. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1971 to 1977. Member of South McAlester Lodge No. 96, Mc- Alester, Okla. (1946), 32° Indian Consistory, AASR (SJ) and DeMolay Legion of Honor.[1] Horace M. Albright (6 January 1890 – 28 March 1987) American conservationist.[1] James L. Alcorn (4 November 1816 – 19 December 1894) leading southern white Republican during Reconstruction in Mississippi, where he served as governor and U.S. Senator.[1] Chester Hardy Aldrich (10 November 1862 – 10 March 1924) American politician. 16th governor of Nebraska and justice of the Nebraska Supreme Court.[1] Nelson W. Aldrich (1841–1915) United States Senator from Rhode Island. Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island 1877–78, member of What Cheer lodge.[10] Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin (1930–) American astronaut. Second human to set foot on Extra-Terrestrial soil. Member of Montclair Lodge No. 144 of New Jersey.[20][21][22][23] Elizabeth Aldworth (1693/95[24]-1773/1775[24]) noted female Mason. Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft Degree in 1712.[25] Vasile Alecsandri (1821–1890) Romanian poet, playwright, politician and diplomat.[26] Miguel Alemán Valdés (29 September 1900 – 14 May 1983) President of Mexico from 1946 to 1952. Initiated, Passed, and Raised in Antiquities Lodge No. 9 of Grand Lodge Valle de Mexico. Later demitted to City of Mexico Lodge No. 35.[1] Alexander I of Russia (1777–1825) Czar of Russia from 1801 to 1825. Banned all secret societies in 1801, but rescinded the prohibition in 1803. He banned Freemasonry in Russia in 1822 due to concerns of political power of some lodges.[1] Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1888–1934) last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1921–29) and first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929–34).[27] Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia (1924-2016), Serbian royal prince, initiated in the GLNF, and a member of multiple UGLE lodges, including Royal Sussex No 53, and Entente Cordiale No 9657.[28] George Forrest Alexander (10 April 1882 – 16 May 1948) judge of the United States territorial court for the Alaska Territory from 1933 to 1947. President of the Juneau Shrine Club 1934–39.[1] Grover Cleveland Alexander (26 February 1887 – 4 November 1950) American Major League Baseball pitcher. Raised in St. Paul Lodge No. 82, St. Paul Nebraska in 1923. Expelled for un-Masonic conduct in 1930.[1] Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis KG PC GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD PC(Can) (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969) British military commander and field marshal. Served in both World Wars. Governor General of Canada from 1946–1952. Past grand steward andpast grand warden of the G.L. of England.[1] Nathaniel Alexander (5 March 1756 – 7 March 1808) 13th Governor of North Carolina. Officer of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1802, 1803, 1806, 1807 and was senior grand deacon at his death in 1808.[1] Alexander, Prince of Orange (25 August 1851 – 21 June 1884) heir apparent of King William III of the Netherlands from 11 June 1879 until his death. Grand Master of the Netherlands.[1] Bernardo Soto Alfaro (1854–1931) President of Costa Rica from 1885–1889. Member of Esperanza Lodge.[1] Eloy Alfaro (25 June 1842 – 28 January 1912) served as President of Ecuador from 1895 to 1901 and from 1906 to 1911.[1] Bruce Alger (12 June 1918 - April 13, 2015) member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas.[1] Russell A. Alger (27 February 1836 – 24 January 1907), 20th Governor and U.S. Senator from Michigan. U.S. Secretary of War during the Presidential administration of William McKinley. Major General in the UNion Army during the American Civil War. Raised in 1895 in Corinthian Lodge No. 241 in Detroit.[1] Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet GCB FRSE (29 December 1792 – 23 May 1867) Scottish Historian.[1] J. Frank Allee (2 December 1857 – 12 October 1938) American merchant and politician. U.S. Senator from Delaware.[1] Alfred G. Allen (23 July 1867 – 9 December 1932) U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1] Charles Herbert Allen (15 April 1848 – 20 April 1934) American politician and businessman. Served in the Massachusetts state legislature and senate, and in the United States House of Representatives. First United States-appointed civilian governor of Puerto Rico. Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the administration of William McKinley. Member of William North Lodge of Lowell, Massachusetts.[1] Ethan Allen (1 January 1904 – 15 September 1993) American Major League Baseball player from 1926 to 1938. Member of Yeatman Lodge No. 162, Cincinnati, Ohio.[1] Frank G. Allen (6 October 1874 – 9 October 1950) 51st Governor of Massachusetts. Raised in Orient Lodge, Norwood, Massachusetts.[1] Henry Justin Allen (11 September 1868 – 17 January 1950) 21st Governor of Kansas (1919–1923) and U.S. Senator from Kansas (1929–31).[1] Ira Allen (21 April 1751 in Cornwall, Connecticut – 7 January 1814) one of the founders of Vermont, and leaders of the Green Mountain Boys. Brother of Ethan Allen. Vermont Lodge No. 1 of Charleston, New Hampshire.[1] John Allen, 3rd Viscount Allen (11 June 1713 – 25 May 1745) Irish peer and politician. Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland.[1][29] Oscar K. Allen (8 August 1882 – 28 January 1936) 42nd Governor of Louisiana. Member of Eastern Star Lodge No. 151, Winnfield, Louisiana.[1] Salvador Allende (1908–1973) President of Chile (1970–1973). Lodge Progreso No. 4, Valparaíso.[30][31] Roger Allin (18 December 1848 – 1 January 1936) fourth Governor of North Dakota. Golden Valley Lodge No. 6, Park River, North Dakota.[1] William B. Allison (2 March 1829 — 4 August 1908) early leader of the Iowa Republican Party. Member of both houses of the United States Legislature. Charter member of Mosaic Lodge No. 125 of Dubuque. Honorary senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Iowa in 1889.[1] James Allred (29 March 1899 – 24 September 1959) 33rd Governor of Texas. Later a United States federal judge. Raised in Bowie Lodge No. 578 in 1920.[1] Edward B. Almon (18 April 1860 – 22 June 1933) United States Representative from Alabama.[1] James Lindsay Almond Jr. (15 June 1898 – 15 April 1986) 58th Governor of Virginia. United States federal judge.[1] Alfred S. Alschuler (1876 – 11 June 1940) prolific Chicago architect.[1] Richard Alsop (1761–1815) American merchant and author. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 2, Middletown, Connecticut.[1] Paul Althouse (2 December 1889 – 6 February 1954) American opera singer. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 435, Reading, Pennsylvania.[1] Carlos María de Alvear (25 October 1789 – 3 November 1852) Argentine soldier and statesman. Co-founder of the Lau-taro Lodge in 1812.[1] Leo Amery (1873–1955), British journalist and politician.[32][33] Albert Alonzo "Doc" Ames (1842–1911) mayor of Minneapolis whose corruption was exposed by muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens in the 1903 article, The Shame of Minneapolis. His obituary in the Minneapolis Morning Tribune described him as a 33rd degree Freemason and the Knights Templar.[34][35] Ezra Ames (1768–1836) American portrait painter[10] Oliver Ames (4 February 1831 – 22 October 1895) 35th Governor of Massachusetts. Primary lodge membership unknown, but made honorary member of Columbian Lodge of Boston.[1] William Amherst, 3rd Earl Amherst (1836–1910) British nobleman and politician[36] Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) Norwegian polar explorer and discoverer of South Pole.[1] Abdul Rahman Andak (1859-1930) Malaysian politician[citation needed] Clinton Presba Anderson (23 October 1895 – 11 November 1975) U.S. Representative from New Mexico, the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, and a U.S. Senator from New Mexico. Raised in Albuquerque Lodge No. 60 in 1917.[1] George T. Anderson (3 February 1824 – 4 April 1901) General of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.[1] Heartley "Hunk "Anderson (22 September 1898 – 24 April 1978) American football player and coach. Coached for Notre Dame, the Chicago Bears among others. Calumet Lodge No. 271, Calumet, Michigan.[1] Jack Z. Anderson (22 March 1904 – 9 February 1981) U.S. Representative from California. Raised in Texas Lodge No. 46, San Juan Bautista, California in 1946.[1] James Anderson (ca. 1679/1680–1739), Presbyterian minister best known for his influence on the early development of Freemasonry. Author of "The Constitutions of the Free-Masons" (1723) and The New Book of Constitutions of the Antient and Honourable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons (1738)[37] Joseph Anderson (5 November 1757 – 17 April 1837) United States Senator from Tennessee and first Comptroller of the United States Treasury. Military Lodge No. 19 of Pennsylvania and Lodge No. 36 in the New Jersey Brigade during the American Revolution. After the war was a member of Princeton Lodge No. 38 of New Jersey.[1] Robert Anderson (14 June 1805 – 26 October 1871) Union Army officer in the American Civil War, known for being the commander of Fort Sumter at the beginning of the war. Raised in Mercer Lodge No. 50, Trenton, New Jersey in 1858. Honorary member of Pacific Lodge No. 233 of New York City.[1] Robert B. Anderson (4 June 1910 – 14 August 1989) United States Secretary of the Navy and later Secretary of the Treasury during the Eisenhower Administration. Member of Vernon Lodge No. 655 Vernon, Texas and was later an officer of the Grand Lodge of Texas.[1] Robert H. Anderson (1 October 1835 – 8 February 1888) Cavalry and artillery officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Attained the rank of brigadier general. Commander of Palestine Commandery, Knights Templar No. 7 at Savannah, Georgia in the 1880s.[1] Rudolph Martin Anderson (30 June 1876 – 21 June 1961) Canadian zoologist and explorer.[1] Sigurd Anderson (22 January 1904 – 21 December 1990) 19th Governor of South Dakota. Raised in Coteau Lodge No. 54 at Webster, South Dakota in 1943.[1] Victor Emanuel Anderson (30 March 1902 – 15 August 1962) 28th Governor of Nebraska. Raised in George Washington Lodge No. 250, Lincoln, Nebraska in 1928.[1] William F. Anderson (1860–1944) American Methodist pastor, writer, and educator who served as Bishop of Chattanooga, Cincinnati, and Boston and was Acting President of Boston University from 1 January 1925 to 15 May 1926.[1] William Hamilton Anderson (1874–c. 1959) American Prohibitionist.[1] Charles Anderson-Pelham (1749–1823) British politician, Member of Parliament (1768–1794)[38] Edward Andrade (1887–1971) English physicist. Initiated into Lodge Progresso No. 4 in 1935.[39] Ignacio Andrade (31 July 1839 – 17 February 1925) President of Venezuela from 1898–1899.[1] Johannes Valentinus Andreae (17 August 1586 – 27 June 1654) Protestant theologian, alchemist, satirical writer and early Rosicrucian. Believed to have been a Mason.[1] Louis André (1838–1913) French soldier, Minister of War from 1900 until 1904[40][41] Charles O. Andrews (7 March 1877 – 18 September 1946) United States Senator from Floridam1936 until 1946. Orlando Lodge No. 69.[1] Frank Andrews (15 June 1864 – 7 December 1936) first Assistant Attorney General of Texas.[1] Robert Andrews (c. 1750–1804) chaplain of the 2nd Virginia regiment in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Early Grand Master of Virginia. Member of Williamsburg Lodge No. 6.[1] Ivo Andrić (1892–1975), Yugoslav writer and Nobel Prize laureate[27] Frank M. Angellotti (4 September 1861 – 23 May 1932) Chief Justice of California from 1915–1921. Raised in Marin Lodge No. 191, San Rafael, California in 1886. Grand Master of California 1888–1889.[1] Levi Ankeny (1 August 1844 – 29 March 1921) United States Senator from the state of Washington. Became a member of Willamette Lodge No. 2 of Portland in 1866, affiliating with Walla Walla Lodge No. 7 in 1878, serving as master in 1881.[1] Martin Frederick Ansel (12 December 1850 – 23 August 1945) 89th Governor of South Carolina.[1] Martin C. Ansorge (1 January 1882 – 4 February 1967) United States Representative from New York. Mt. Nebo Lodge No. 257, New York City.[1] Jules Anspach (1829–1879) Belgian politician.[42] Galicano Apacible (1864–1949) Filipino politician.[citation needed] Apathy (1979-) stage name of underground rapper, born Chad Bromley. Wooster Lodge No. 10, Colchester, Connecticut.[43] Raymond Apple (1935–) Chief Rabbi, Great Synagogue (Sydney), Australia, (1972–2005).[44] T. Frank Appleby (10 October 1864 – 15 December 1924) United States Representative from New Jersey.[1] Sir Edward Victor Appleton (1892–1965) British physicist. Nobel Prize 1947. Isaac Newton Lodge No. 859, Cambridge.[45] Matthew Arbuckle (1778–1851) career soldier in the U.S. Army closely identified with the Indian Territory.[1] John Arbuthnot (1667–1735) British physician and satirist[1][46] Branch T. Archer (1790–1856) Texan Commissioner to the United States, Speaker of the House of the Republic of Texas House of Representatives, and Secretary of War of the Republic of Texas. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 62 at Pridewell Virginia.[1] Dennis Archer (1942–) U.S. politician. Geometry Lodge #49 (Prince Hall), Detroit[47][48][49] Germán Arciniegas (1900-1999), Colombian historian and public intellectual[50] Leslie C. Arends (27 September 1895 – 17 July 1985) United States Representative from Illinois.[1] Constantin Argetoianu (1871–1955) Prime Minister of Romania[26] Richard Arlen (1 September 1899 – 28 March 1976) American actor of film and television. Member Utopia Lodge No. 537, Los Angeles, California.[1] Lewis Armistead (1817–1863) Confederate general during the American Civil War. Alexandria-Washington Lodge #22, Alexandria, Virginia[51] David H. Armstrong (21 October 1812 – 18 March 1893) United States Senator from Missouri. Member of Washington Lodge No. 9 of St. Louis.[1] Henry W. Armstrong (22 July 1879 – 28 February 1951) American boxer, booking agent, producer, singer, pianist and Tin Pan Alley composer. Composed the song Sweet Adeline. Raised in 1922 in Montgomery Lodge No. 68, New York City.[1] John Armstrong Jr. (1758–1843) American soldier, delegate to the Continental Congress, United States Senator and United States Secretary of War. Hibernia Lodge No. 339, New York.[1] Sir Richard Armstrong (c. 1782–3 March 1854) British Army officer. Commander of the British forces in Canada West from 1842 to 1848.[1] Edward F. Arn (19 May 1906 – 22 January 1998) 32nd Governor of Kansas. Raised in Wyandotte Lodge No. 3, Kansas City, Kansas in 1927. Member of the International Supreme Council of the Order of DeMolay. Deputy to imperial potentate of the Shrine in 1954–55.[1] Ellis Arnall (20 March 1907 – 13 December 1992) 69th Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia from 1943 to 1947. Member of Cowetta Lodge No. 60 at Newnan, Georgia.[1] Thomas Arne (1710–1778) British Composer of Rule Britannia[33][39] Benedict Arnold (1741–1801) American general and traitor, Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven, Connecticut[52] Eddy Arnold (1918–2008) American country music singer. East Nashville Lodge 560 F& A.M. East Nashville, TN[10][53] Henry H. Arnold (1886–1950) American general, only person to hold five-star rank in two branches of service. Union Lodge No. 7, KS.[54] Samuel W. (Wat) Arnold (21 September 1879 – 18 December 1961) U.S. Representative from Missouri. Member of Adair Lodge No. 366, Kirksville, Missouri.[1] William W. Arnold (14 October 1877 – 23 November 1957) U.S. Representative from Illinois.[1] J. Hugo Aronson (1 September 1891 – 25 February 1978) 14th Governor of the U.S. State of Montana. Received degrees in Shelby Lodge No. 143, in 1924 and later demitted to Cut Bank Lodge No. 82 in Cut Bank, both in Montana. King Gustav VI Adolf q.v. of Sweden appointed him as representative of the G.L. of Sweden to the G.L. of Montana.[1] François-Marie Arouet See Voltaire Harold J. Arthur (1904–1971) 68th Governor of the U.S. State of Vermont from 1950 to 1951.[1] Jacob Arvey (3 November 1895 – 25 August 1977) influential Chicago political leader from the Depression era until the mid-1950s.[1] Gheorghe Asachi (1788–1869), Romanian writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator.[26] Frank G. Ashbrook (20 October 1892 – 15 September 1966) American mammalogist.[1] William A. Ashbrook (1 July 1867 – 1 January 1940) U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1] Turner Ashby (23 October 1828 – 6 June 1862) Confederate cavalry commander in the American Civil War. He had achieved prominence as Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's cavalry commander. Member of Equality Lodge No. 44, Martinsburg, West Virginia.[1] Bowman Foster Ashe (3 April 1885 – 16 December 1952) U.S. educator who served as the first president of the University of Miami.[1] James Mitchell Ashley (14 November 1824 – 16 September 1896) U.S. congressman, territorial governor of Montana and railroad president. Raised in 1853 in Toledo Lodge No. 144, Toledo, Ohio.[1] Elias Ashmole (1617–1692) English antiquary and politician, Warrington Lodge, Lancashire[55] Wayne N. Aspinall (3 April 1896 – 9 October 1983) U.S. Representative from Colorado. Raised in Palisade Lodge No. 125, Palisade, Colorado. in 1926.[1] John Jacob Astor (1763–1848) American financier, The Holland Lodge No. 8, New York, 1790[56] David Rice Atchison (11 August 1807 – 26 January 1886) U.S. Senator from Missouri. Known for the claim that for one day (4 March 1849) he may have been Acting President of the United States. Member of Platte Lodge No. 56, Platte City, Missouri.[1] John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl (6 May 1729 – 5 November 1774) Scottish peer and Tory politician. Succeeded his father as Grand Master of Grand Lodge of England in 1775, serving until 1781 and again from 1791–1813. Was Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1778 to 1779.[1] John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl Scottish politician, Grand Master of Scotland (1778–1780)[57] George Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl (20 September 1814 – 16 January 1864) Scottish peer. Served as 66th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1843–1863. Grand Master of England from 1843 until his death in January, 1864.[1] John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl (15 December 1871 – 16 March 1942) Scottish soldier and Conservative politician. Served as 79th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1909–1913.[1] Smith D. Atkins (9 June 1836 – 27 March 1913) American newspaper editor, lawyer, and a Union Army colonel during the American Civil War.[1] Arthur K. Atkinson (19 October 1891–?) President of the Wabash Railroad in the mid-20th century. Member of University City Lodge No. 649, Missouri.[1] George W. Atkinson (29 June 1845 – 4 April 1925) tenth Governor of West Virginia. Raised in Kanawha Lodge No. 20, Charleston, West Virginia 12 October 1866. Grand master of West Virginia in 1876 and Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of West Virginia from 1897 to 1901.[1] William Yates Atkinson (11 November 1854 – 8 August 1899) 55th Governor of Georgia.[1] William Wallace Atterbury (31 January 1866 – 20 September 1935) tenth president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. American Brigadier General during World War I and built the American Army railroads in France during the War. Raised in Colonial Lodge No. 631, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1895.[1] John James Audubon (1785–1851) American ornithologist and artist[45] Arnold Jacob "Red" Auerbach (20 September 1917 – 28 October 2006), American basketball coach[58]} John Auldjo (1805–1886) British explorer, Alpinist, engraver and author[46] Henry Aurand (16 November 1894 – 1980) career United States Army officer who served in World War I, World War II and the Korean War. Member of Shamokin Lodge No. 255, Shamokin, Pennsylvania.[1] Moses Austin (4 October 1761 – 10 June 1821) secured a grant of 200,000 acres in the province of Texas (under New Spain) on 17 January 1821, but died on his return trip to home in Missouri. His son Stephen F. Austin carried out the colonization of Texas.[1] Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836) Secretary of State for the Republic of Texas. Louisiana Lodge No. 109, Missouri.[10] Warren Austin (12 November 1877 – 25 December 1962) American politician and statesman; among other roles, he served as Senator from Vermont and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Raised in Brattleboro Lodge No. 102 at Burlington, Vermont.[1] Gene Autry (1907–1998), Movie and television star, Catoosa Lodge No. 185, Oklahoma[11][59][60] William H. Avery (11 August 1911 – 4 November 2009) 37th Governor of Kansas. Received degrees in Wakefield Lodge No. 396, Wakefield, Kansas.[1] Samuel Beach Axtell (14 October 1819 – 7 August 1891) notable for being the most controversial Chief Justice of the New Mexico Territorial Supreme Court; corrupted administration as Governor of New Mexico; brief tenure as Governor of Utah; and two term Congressman from California. Member of Amador Lodge No. 65, Jackson, California.[1] Charles Brantley Ayco*ck (11 November 1859 – 4 April 1912) 50th Governor of the State of North Carolina. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1897.[1] William Augustus Ayres (19 April 1867 – 17 February 1952) member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas.[1] Allen Bristol Aylesworth (1854–1952), Canadian politician. Member of Ionic Lodge No. 25 in Toronto,[61] William Edmondstoune Aytoun (21 June 1813 – 4 August 1865) Scottish lawyer and poet. Active member the Scottish Grand Lodge and representative there of the Grand Lodge Royal York of Germany.[1] Miguel de Azcuénaga (4 June 1754 – 19 December 1833) Argentine patriot.[1] B Amadou Hampâté Bâ (January or February 1901 – May 15, 1991) Malian writer and ethnologist.[62] Frederick H. Babbitt (1859–1931), American politician, president Vermont State Senate 1912–13[63] Johann Christian Bach (1735–1782), European composer. Lodge of Nine Muses No. 235, London.[1][64] Nahum J. Bachelder (3 September 1854 – 22 April 1934), 49th governor of New Hampshire.[1] Irving Bacheller (26 September 1859 – 24 February 1950), American journalist and writer. Raised 5 December 1899 in Kane Lodge No. 454, New York.[1] Augustus Octavius Bacon (20 October 1839 – 14 February 1914), U.S. Senator from Georgia.[1] Robert L. Bacon (23 July 1884 – 12 September 1938), American banker, lieutenant colonel, and congressman from New York.[1] Walter W. Bacon (20 January 1880 – 18 March 1962), 60th Governor of Delaware. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 2, New Castle, Delaware, being raised 2 July 1902. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Delaware in 1915.[1] Robert Baddeley (1733–1794), English actor of the Drury Lane Theatre in London. Member of St. Alban's Lodge No. 29, London.[1] Michael Baden-Powell (born 11 December 1940), grandson of Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of the Scout Movement. State Commissioner for Special Duties, Scouts Australia, Victoria Branch. Lodge Baden-Powell No 488, Victoria, NSW, Australia.[65] Arthur P. Bagby (1794 – 21 September 1858), Tenth Governor of the State of Alabama. Served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Alabama.[1] John J. Bagley (24 July 1832 – 27 July 1881), 16th Governor of Michigan. Member of Charity Lodge No. 94, Detroit, Michigan.[1] Karl Friedrich Bahrdt (25 August 1741 – 23 April 1792), German theologian and adventurer. Freemason, who with other Freemasons founded the "German Union" or the "Two and Twenty" society at Halle.[1] Michael Baigent (1948–2013), British author and former editor of Freemasonry Today. Lodge of Economy No 76, Winchester.[66] Carl Edward Bailey (8 October 1894 – 23 October 1948), 31st Governor of Arkansas. Received 32° at Little Rock, 25 May 1928.[1] James E. Bailey (15 August 1822 – 29 December 1885), United States Senator from Tennessee. Member of Clarksville Lodge No. 89, Clarksville, Tennessee.[1] John O. Bailey (26 September 1880 – 16 February 1959), American judge and politician in the state of Oregon. He was 27th Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court. Raised in Doric Lodge No. 132, Portland, Oregon about 1920.[1] Nat Bailey (31 January 1902 – 27 March 1978), American-born Canadian restaurateur, founder of White Spot. Mount Lebanon Lodge No. 72, Vancouver.[67] Theodorus Bailey (12 April 1805 – 14 February 1877), United States Navy officer during the American Civil War. Raised in Washington Lodge No. 21, New York City on 3 March 1829.[1] Thomas L. Bailey (6 January 1888 – 2 November 1946), 48th Governor of Mississippi.[1] John Baird, 1st Viscount Stonehaven (1874–1941), British Politician, Member of Parliament (1910–1925), Governor-General of Australia (1925–1931). Grand Master of New South Wales (1928–1930)[6] Bryant Baker (8 July 1881 – 29 March 1970), British-born American sculptor. Sculpted the 17 foot bronze of George Washington at the Washington Masonic National Memorial in Alexandria, Virginia. Member of Constitutional Lodge No. 294 at Beverly, Yorkshire, England.[1] Howard Baker Sr. (12 January 1902 – 7 January 1964), United States Representative from Tennessee.[1] James Marion Baker (18 August 1861 – 1940), American political figure. Held the position of Secretary of the United States Senate from 1913–1919.[1] Nathaniel B. Baker (29 September 1818 – 11 September 1876), 24th Governor of New Hampshire. A member of Western Star Lodge No. 100, Clinton, Iowa.[1] Phil Baker (26 August 1896 – 30 November 1963), American comedian and emcee on radio. Also a vaudeville actor, composer, songwriter, accordionist and author. Raised in Keystone Lodge No. 235, New York City.[1] Samuel Aaron Baker (7 November 1874 – 16 September 1933) 36th Governor Missouri. Member of Jefferson Lodge No. 43, Jefferson City, Missouri.[1] Simmons Jones Baker (1775–1853), US physician, planter, and legislator. Grand Master of Masons of North Carolina in 1832 and again in 1840. Laid the cornerstone of the state capitol building in Raleigh, North Carolina on 4 July 1833.[68][69][70][71] Simon Strousse Baker (11 July 1866 – 10 October 1932), 6th president of Washington & Jefferson College.[1] Walter Ransom Gail Baker (30 November 1892 – 30 October 1960), American electrical engineer. Founded the National Television System Committee, or NTSC, in 1940.[1] Mikhail Bakunin (1814–1876), Russian revolutionary. Lodge Il Progresso Sociale, Florence 1864,[72] Antonio González de Balcarce (24 June 1774 – 15 August 1819), Argentine military commander in the early 19th century.[1] Nicolae Bălcescu (1819–1852), Romanian historian, journalist and 1848 revolutionary.[26] Bernt Balchen (23 October 1899 – 17 October 1973), Pioneer polar aviator, navigator, aircraft mechanical engineer and military leader. Member of Norseman Lodge No. 878 of Brooklyn, New York. With Admiral Byrd they dropped Masonic flags over the two poles, and dropped his Kismet Temple Shrine fez over the South Pole.[1] H. C. Baldridge (24 November 1868 – 8 June 1947), 14th Governor of Idaho. Raised in Parma Lodge No. 49, Parma, Idaho in 1923.[1] Henry Baldwin (1780–1844), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Master of Lodge No. 45 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1805[1][73] Harold Ballard (1903–1990), National Hockey League team owner (Toronto Maple Leafs). Corinthian No. 481, GRC, Toronto, ON.[5] Hosea Ballou (30 April 1771 – 7 June 1852) was an American Universalist clergyman and theological writer. Member of Warren Lodge No. 23 at Woodstock, Vermont and served as master in 1807.[1] Robert C. Baltzell (15 August 1879 – 18 October 1950), United States federal judge.[1] Charles-Louis Balzac (1752–1820), French architect and sometimes poet. Founded the Lodge of the Great Sphinx at Paris.[1] Fred B. Balzar (15 June 1880 – 21 March 1934), 15th Governor of Nevada. Raised 28 August 1908 in Inyo Lodge No. 221 at Independence, California. and later affiliated with Carson Lodge No. 1, Carson City, Nevada.[1] Simon Bamberger (27 February 1846 – 6 October 1926), Fourth Governor of Utah.[1] Harry Hill Bandholtz (1864 – 11 May 1925), United States Army Major General during World War I. Known for preventing Romanian soldiers from removing Transylvanian treasures from the National Museum of Hungary in Budapest during the Romanian occupation of the city in 1919.[1] John H. Bankhead (13 September 1842 – 1 March 1920), U.S. senator from Alabama between 1907 and 1920. Confederate officer during the United States Civil War. Grand master of Grand Lodge of Alabama in 1883–1884.[1] Joseph Banks (1743–1820), English botanist[32] Inverness Lodge, No. 4367[74][75][76] Nathaniel P. Banks (30 January 1816 – 1 September 1894), 24th Governor of Massachusetts, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and Union general during the UNited States Civil War. Member of Monitor Lodge, Waltham, Massachusetts.[1] William V. Banks, Founder of the first black-owned and black-operated television station in the United States[77] Parke M. Banta (21 November 1891 – 12 May 1970), U.S. Representative from Missouri. Raised in Potosi Lodge No. 131 at Potosi, Missouri about 1916, served as master in 1923.[1] Orion Metcalf Barber (13 July 1857 – 28 March 1930), Vermont state politician and a judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.[1] Clarence Barbour (21 April 1867 – 16 January 1937), American Baptist clergyman and educator most notable for having served as the president of Brown University. Served as Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodges of both New York and Rhode Island.[1] James Barbour (10 June 1775 – 7 June 1842), 18th Governor of Virginia, a U.S. Senator from 1814–1825, and the United States Secretary of War from 1825–1828. Member of Stephensburg Lodge No. 40, Stevensburg, Virginia.[1] McClelland Barclay (1891 – 1942) American painter of pin-up art and war propaganda posters.[1] Malcolm Barclay-Harvey (1890 – 1969), British politician and colonial administrator, Member of Parliament (1923–1929, 1931–1939), Grand Master of Scotland (1949–1953)[1][57] Guy K. Bard (24 October 1895 – 23 November 1953) Pennsylvania educator. Later became a judge of United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.[1] Samuel Bard (1 April 1742 – 24 May 1821), American physician who founded the first medical school in New York. Personal physician to George Washington. Member of Union Lodge, New York.[1] Thomas R. Bard (8 December 1841 – 5 March 1915), United States Senator from California. Member of Hueneme Lodge No. 311, California.[1] Graham Arthur Barden (25 September 1896 – 29 January 1967), U.S. Congressman from North Carolina.[1] Clinton L. Bardo (1868–1937) American industrialist whose career included stints as general manager of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad and president of New York Shipbuilding Corporation.[1] Walter S. Baring Jr. (9 September 1911 – 13 July 1975), United States Representative from Nevada. Raised in May 1941, Reno Lodge No. 13.[1] William Julius Barker (25 June 1886 – 13 April 1968), United States federal judge.[1] Elmer E. Barlow (18 May 1887 – 26 June 1948), American jurist from Wisconsin.[1] Joel Barlow (24 March 1754 – 26 December 1812), American poet, diplomat, and politician. Member of St. Johns Lodge No 4., Hartford, Connecticut.[1] Francis Stillman Barnard (1856–1936), Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. Raised: Victoria Columbia No. 1. 17 April 1887[78] Isaac D. Barnard (18 July 1791 – 28 February 1834), United States Senator from Pennsylvania.[1] Thomas John Barnardo (1845–1905), British philanthropist[32] Cassius McDonald Barnes American Civil War soldier, lawyer and politician who served as the 4th Governor of Oklahoma Territory. Master of Guthrie Lodge No. 35, Guthrie OKlahoma in 1902.[1] James M. Barnes (9 January 1899 – 8 June 1958), United States Representative from Illinois. Member of Jacksonville Lodge No. 570, Jacksonville, Illinois.[1] Will C. Barnes (21 June 1858 – 17 December 1936), American author, rancher, and state legislator in Arizona and New Mexico. Received the Medal of Honor for bravery at the Battle of Fort Apache.[1] Joshua Barney (6 July 1759 – 1 December 1818), American naval officer. Served in the Continental Navy during the Revolutionary War and would later achieved the rank of commodore in the United States Navy. Also served in the War of 1812. He was made a Freemason in the Lodge of the Nine Sisters, Paris, France in 1799 (although other sources state that he was raised in Lodge No. 3, Philadelphia, Pa. on 17 May 1777, and still another lists him as a member of No. 3 on 1 May 1777). He was a visitor of Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia on 16 June 1780.[1] Maurice Victor Barnhill (1887–1963) Associate justice (1937–1954) and Chief Justice (1954–1956) of the North Carolina Supreme Court.[1] Simion Bărnuţiu (1808–1864), Romanian philosopher and politician.[79] Henry A. Barnum (24 September 1833 – 29 January 1892), United States Army officer during the American Civil War and a recipient of the Medal of Honor. Member of Syracuse Lodge No. 102, Syracuse, New York.[1] William Henry Barnum (17 September 1818 – 30 April 1889) U.S. Senator from Connecticut. Member of Montgomery Lodge No. 13 at Lakeville, Connecticut.[1] Diego Martínez Barrio (1883–1962), Prime minister of Spain and founder of the Republican Union[80] Samuel Barrett (1879–1965), American anthropologist and linguist who studied Native American peoples.[1] Lewis O. Barrows (7 June 1893 – 30 January 1967), 57th Governor of Maine.[1] John Barry (25 March 1745 – 13 September 1803), Officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War and later in the United States Navy. Initiated in Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia, Pa. on 12 October 1795. Suspended for non-payment of dues in 1800.[1] William T. Barry (5 February 1784 – 30 August 1835), United States Postmaster General during the Jackson Administration. United States Senator from Kentucky. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 1, Lexington, Ky. and later of Davies Lodge No. 22 of Lexington. was elected an honorary member of Federal Lodge No. 1, Washington, D.C on 4 January 1830.[1] John L. Barstow (21 February 1832 – 28 June 1913), 39th Governor of Vermont.[1] Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (1834–1904), Sculptor of New York's Statue of Liberty. Lodge Alsace-Lorraine, Paris.[1][81] Harold Roe Bartle (25 June 1901 – 9 May 1974) American businessman, philanthropist, Boy Scout executive, and professional public speaker. Served two terms as mayor of Kansas City, Missouri. Member of Lebanon Lodge No. 87 in Kentucky plus the Ararat Shriners of Kansas City, Missouri.[1][1] John H. Bartlett (15 March 1869 – 19 March 1952), 57th Governor of New Hampshire.[1] Josiah Bartlett (21 November 1729 – 19 May 1795) American physician and statesman, delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire and signatory of the Declaration of Independence. He was later Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court of Judicature and Governor of the state. Although his lodge is not known, his great grandson, Levi S. Bartlett, had a letter written by Josiah to his son Ezra saying, "I attended a Mason meeting last night, and as soon as you can I wish you would join the Masons."[1] Robert Bartlett (15 August 1875 – 28 April 1946) Canadian navigator and Arctic explorer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[1] Francesco Bartolozzi (25 September 1725 – 7 March 1815) Italian engraver. Was an early member of the Lodge of Nine Muses No. 235, London. The frontispiece of the 1784 edition of the Book of Constitutions is his engraving.[1] Edmund Barton (1849–1920), First Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia, Speaker of the legislative assembly.[10][82][83][84][85][86] Initiated: Australian Lodge of Harmony No. 556 English Constitution in Sydney on 13 March 1878[1][85][86][87] William Barton (1748–1831), Officer in the Continental Army during the American War of Independence who retired with the rank of colonel. Became a member of St. John's Lodge, Providence, Rhode Island in 1779.[1] William "Count" Basie (1904–1984), Jazz orchestra leader and composer. Wisdom Lodge No. 102 (Prince Hall), Chicago.[10][49] Charles Baskerville (1870–1922), American chemist.[1] Edward Bass (23 November 1726 – 10 September 1803), First American Episcopal bishop of the Diocese of Massachusetts and second bishop of the Diocese of Rhode Island. Admitted as a member of St. John's Lodge No. 1 of Portsmouth, New Hampshire on 12 April 1758. Served as grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in 1768.[1] Perkins Bass (6 October 1912 – 25 October 2011) Four term U.S. Representative from New Hampshire. Member of Altemont Lodge No. 26, Peterborough, New Hampshire.[1] Richard Napoleon Batchelder (27 July 1832 – 4 January 1901), United States Army Officer and the 18th Quartermaster General of the United States Army. Awarded the Medal of Honor in 1891. Member of Lafayette Lodge No. 41 at Manchester, New Hampshire.[1] William B. Bate (7 October 1826 – 9 March 1905), American soldier and politician. Governor of Tennessee from 1883 to 1887, and United States Senator from 1887 until his death. Major general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Member of King Solomon Lodge No. 94, Gallatin, Tennessee.[1] Edward Bates (4 September 1793 – 25 March 1869) United States lawyer and statesman. First attorney general of Missouri after it was admitted as a state. United States Attorney General under Lincoln from 1861 to 1864. Was a member of Missouri Lodge No. 12, under Tennessee charter (later Missouri No. 1). Was active in the formation of the Grand Lodge of Missouri. Served four terms as grand master, 1825-26-27-31.[1] Frederick Bates (1777–1825), Governor of Missouri.[1][10] Isaac C. Bates (23 January 1779 – 16 March 1845) American politician from Massachusetts serving in both houses of the U.S. Legislature. Member of Jerusalem Lodge Northampton, Massachusetts.[1] John L. Bates (18 September 1859 – 8 June 1946), 41st Governor of Massachusetts. Member Baalbec Lodge, Boston.[1] Joe B. Bates (29 October 1893 – 10 September 1965), United States Representative from Kentucky.[1] Thomas Bath (1875–1956), Australian politician, former Western Australian Leader of the Opposition, involved in founding of Lodge Bonnie Doon, 839, S.C.[88] Charles Bathurst (1867–1958), Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand[89] John S. Battle (11 July 1890 – 9 April 1972), 56th Governor of Virginia. Member of Charlottesville Lodge No. 5 Charlottesville, Virginia.[1] Laurie C. Battle (10 May 1912 – 2 May 2000), United States Representative from Alabama. Member of Docena Lodge No. 815, Docena, Alabama as well as the Zamora Shriners and ORder of the Eastern Star Chapter 118 in Birmingham.[1] Warner Baxter (29 March 1889 – 7 May 1951), American film actor of the silent and early talkie period. Second person to win the Academy Award for Best Actor. Member Cahuenga Lodge No. 513 Hollywood, California.[1] Birch Bayh (1928–), US Senator from Indiana from 1962–1981.[10] Francis Baylies (16 October 1783 – 28 October 1852), United States Representative from Massachusetts. Original lodge not known, but made honorary member of Mount Lebanon Lodge, Boston, Massachusetts on 26 January 1835.[1] William Wither Beach, (25 December 1826 – 3 August 1901), British politician and railway entrepreneur. Apollo University Lodge No 357, Oxford, and multiple other Lodges. Third Grand Principal, Supreme Grand Chapter of England (Royal Arch).[90] George Lafayette Beal (21 May 1825 – 11 December 1896), American politician from Maine who served in the Federal forces during the American Civil War. Member of Oxford Lodge No. 18, Norway, Maine.[1] John V. Beamer (17 November 1896 – 8 September 1964), United States Representative from Indiana. Member of Hanna Lodge No. 61, Wabash, Indiana.[1] Henry J. Bean (13 November 1853 – 8 May 1941) American politician and judge in Oregon. 24th Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court.[1] Daniel Carter Beard (1850–1941), Founder of the Boy Scouts. Initiated in Mariner's Lodge No. 67, New York City, New York, and later affiliated with Cornucopia Lodge 563, Flushing, New York.[1][91] William S. Beardsley (13 May 1901 – 21 November 1954), 31st Governor of Iowa.[1] John Beatty (10 December 1749 – 30 May 1826), American physician and statesman. An officer of the Continental Army, he was appointed Commissary General for Prisoners with the rank of colonel. Was a member of the Continental Congress in 1784 and 1785. Was a member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey during the Third Congress. Raised in Trenton Lodge No. 5, Trenton, New Jersey. A past master of that lodge, he was elected Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Jersey in 1791. In 1792 he transferred his membership to Solomon's Lodge No. 1.[1] Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort (16 October 1744 – 11 October 1803), Grand Master of Grand Lodge of England, 1767–71.[1] Honoré Beaugrand (1848–1906), Politician, journalist, Fall River, MA Lodge 1873; assisted in founding Montreal Emancipation Lodge in 1897.[92] Eugène de Beauharnais (3 September 1781 – 21 February 1824), Viceroy of Italy under Napoleon.[1] Charles Geneviève Louis Auguste André Timothée d'Éon de Beaumont (1728–1810), French soldier, diplomat and spy. Raised: January, 1769, Lodge of Immortality No. 376, London[1][93] Campbell Eben Beaumont (27 August 1883 – 19 November 1954) was a United States federal judge from Kentucky.[1] William Beaumont (21 November 1785 – 25 April 1853), Surgeon in the U.S. Army who became known as the "Father of Gastric Physiology" following his research on human digestion. Raised in Harmony Lodge, Champlain, New York 11 April 1820.[1] P. G. T. Beauregard (28 May 1818 – 20 February 1893) American military officer, politician, inventor, writer, civil servant, and the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.[1] Charles Bebb (10 April 1856 – 21 June 1942) British-American architect who designed the Washington State Capitol building.[1] Stephen David Bechtel Sr. (24 September 1900 – 14 March 1989) Founder of the Bechtel Corporation and the president of the company from 1933 through 1960. Raised 30 June 1923 in Oakland Lodge No. 188 Oakland, California.[1] Theodric Romeyn Beck (11 April 1791 – 19 November 1855) American physician in New York specializing in medical jurisprudence who authored the first significant American book on forensic medicine, Elements of Medical Jurisprudence in 1823. Member of Masters Lodge No. 5, Albany, New York.[1] Rudolph Zacharias Becker (9 April 1752 – 28 March 1822) German educator and author, and active Freemason of Gotha. Published an historical essay in 1786 on the Bavarian Illuminati titled Grundsatze Verfassung und Schicksale des Illumi- nates Order in Baiern.[1] J. C. W. Beckham (5 August 1869 – 9 January 1940) 35th Governor of Kentucky. Member of Duvall Lodge No. 6, Bardstown, Kentucky.[1] John J. Beckley (4 August 1757 – 8 April 1807) First Librarian of Congress as well as First and fourth Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Member of Williamsburg Lodge No. 6, Williamsburg, Virginia.[1] Johann Beckmann (1739–1811), German scientific author and coiner of the word technology, to mean the science of trades. He was the first man to teach technology and write about it as an academic subject.[1] Thomas Taylour, Earl of Bective, Grand Sovereign of the Red Cross of Constantine 1886.[94] Gunning Bedford Jr. (1747–1812), Signer of the US Constitution, first Grand Master of Masons in Delaware.[1][95] Joseph D. Bedle (5 January 1821 – 21 October 1894), 23rd Governor of New Jersey. Raised in Olive Branch Lodge No. 16, Freehold, New Jersey on 24 April 1857.[1] Hamilton P. Bee (22 July 1822 – 3 October 1897) American politician in early Texas who served one term as Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives and later was a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. Member of Austin Lodge No. 12, Texas.[1] Robert Livingston Beeckman (15 April 1866 – 21 January 1935) 52nd Governor of Rhode Island.[1] Carroll L. Beedy (1880–1947) United States Representative from Maine from 1921–1935.[1] Wallace Beery (1 April 1885 – 15 April 1949) American actor. Won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1931 film The Champ. Member of Blaney Lodge No. 271 of Chicago, Illinois.[1] Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827) Composer. Though no records exist, several of Beethoven’s biographers state that he was a Freemason based on other evidence.[96] Lyall T. Beggs (9 November 1899 – 14 May 1973), Wisconsin lawyer and politician. Past commander in chief of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly.[1] Josiah Begole (20 January 1815 – 5 June 1896), U.S. Representative and the 19th Governor of Michigan. Member of Flint Lodge No. 23, Flint, MI.[1] Robert S. Beightler (21 March 1892 – 12 February 1978), U.S. Army Major General and Ohio political insider.[1] Jonathan Belcher (8 January 1681/2[1] – 31 August 1757), American Colonial merchant, businessman, and politician from the Province of Massachusetts Bay during the American colonial period. Served simultaneously for over a decade as colonial governor of the British colonies of New Hampshire (1729–1741) and Massachusetts (1730–1741) and later for ten years as governor of New Jersey (1747–1757). Raised in an old "Guilde Lodge" in England in 1704–13 years before the founding of the G.L. of England. Reported as having been on the rolls of the craft in Nova Scotia at an early date. Was affiliated with St. John's Lodge in Boston.[1] Manuel Belgrano (3 June 1770 – 20 June 1820), Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader. He took part in the Argentine Wars of Independence and created the Flag of Argentina. He is regarded as one of the main Libertadores of the country.[1] Elliott Belgrave (16 March 1931 – ) GCMG, KA, CHB, QC, Governor-General of Barbados, Past District Grand Master of the District Grand Lodge of Barbados (Scottish Constitution).[97] John Montgomery Belk (29 March 1920 – 17 August 2007) Head of the Belk, Inc. department store chain and mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina for four terms (1969–1977). Petitioned (21 January 1946), Initiated (4 March 1946), Passed (15 April 1946) and Raised (12 August 1946) all in Excelsior Lodge No. 261 of Charlotte.[98][99] Andrew Bell (1726–1809), Scottish printer, founder of the Encyclopædia Britannica.[15] Charles J. Bell (1858–1929), Scotch-Irish American businessman. He was a cousin of Alexander Graham Bell and as such was an early executive of Bell Telephone. Co-founder of the National Geographic Society, and was its first treasurer.[1] Charles S. Bell (1880–1965), Lawyer and Jurist from Cincinnati. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Ohio 1942–1947.[1] Francis Bell (1851–1936), Prime Minister of New Zealand[89] Frank Bell (28 January 1840 – 13 February 1927) Sixth Governor of Nevada. Member of Reno Lodge No. 13, and served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Nevada.[1] John Bell (New Hampshire) (20 July 1765 – 22 March 1836), Governor of New Hampshire for one year (1828 to 1829). Member of St. John's Lodge No. 1, Portsmouth, New Hampshire.[1] John Bell (Tennessee) (18 February 1796 – 10 September 1869), Tennessee Politician. Served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1827 to 1841, and in the U.S. Senate from 1847 to 1859. Speaker of the House for the 23rd Congress (1834–1835), and briefly served as Secretary of War during the administration of William Henry Harrison (1841). In 1860, he ran for president as the candidate for the Constitutional Union Party. Member of King Solomon Lodge No. 6 at Gallatin, Tennessee.[1] Lawrence Dale Bell (5 April 1894 – 20 October 1956), Founder of Bell Aircraft Corporation.[1] Francis Bellamy (18 May 1855 – 28 August 1931), Author of the U.S. Pledge of Allegiance. Member of Little Falls Lodge No. 181, Little Falls, New York.[1] Johann Joachim Bellermann (23 September 1754 – 25 October 1842), German Hebraist and professor of theology at Berlin University.[1] Harry H. Belt American educator, lawyer, and judge in the state of Oregon. 28th Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court.[1] Giovanni Battista Belzoni (5 November 1778 – 3 December 1823), Also known as The Great Belzoni, was a prolific Italian explorer and pioneer archaeologist of Egyptian antiquities.[1] Charles Albert "Chief" Bender (5 May 1884 – 22 May 1954), Major League Baseball pitcher during the first two decades of the 20th century. Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953. Petitioned Robert A. Lamberton Lodge No. 487 of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania when 27 years of age and was raised on April 4, 1911. He was suspended for non-payment of dues in 1938, but reinstated in 1943.[1] Edvard Beneš (1884–1948), President of Czechoslovakia (1935–1939, 1945–1948). Ian Amos Komensky Lodge No. 1, Prague.[1][100] Conrado Benitez (1889 – 4 January 1971) Philippine statesman. Helped write the Philippine constitution. Grand Master of the Philippines.[1] Alexander von Benckendorff (4 July 1781 or 1783 – 5 October 1844), Russian Cavalry General and statesman. Member of the Lodge of United Friends in Petersburg.[1] Augustus W. Bennet (7 October 1897 – 5 June 1983), United States Representative from New York. Member of Hudson River Lodge No. 607, Newburgh, New York, serving as master in 1930.[1] William Stiles Bennet (9 November 1870 – 1 December 1962), U.S. Representative from New York.[1] Caleb P. Bennett (11 November 1758 – 9 May 1836), American soldier and politician from Delaware. He was a veteran of the American Revolution and the War of 1812, and served as Governor of Delaware. Raised in Lodge No. 14 at Christina Ferry, Delaware on 16 January 1781. Charles Edward Bennett (2 December 1910 – 6 September 2003) U.S. Representative from Florida from 1949 to 1993. Member of Riverside Lodge No. 266, Jacksonville, Florida.[1] Henry G. Bennett (14 December 1886 – 22 December 1951), Prominent educational figure from Oklahoma. Served as the president of both Southeastern Oklahoma State University and Oklahoma State University. He was appointed by Harry S. Truman as an Assistant Secretary of State.[1] R. B. Bennett (1870–1947), Prime Minister of Canada 1930–1935.[1][10] Thomas Bennett Jr. (14 August 1781 – 30 January 1865), 48th Governor of South Carolina. Member of Solomons Lodge No. 1, Charleston.[1] Henry Arthur Benning (8 August 1879 – 14 April 1962), Vice president and general manager of the Amalgamated Sugar Company.[1] Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour (1810–1861), Italian politician.[101] Carville Benson (24 August 1872 – 8 February 1929), U.S. Representative from Maryland.[1] Elmer Austin Benson (22 September 1895 – 13 March 1985) 24th Governor of Minnesota. Raised in Appleton Lodge No. 137, Appleton, Minnesota on 3 January 1917.[1] William Benswanger (22 February 1892 – 15 January 1972), President and chief executive of the Pittsburgh Pirates Major League Baseball franchise 1932 through 1946. Member of Lodge No. 45 of Pittsburgh.[1] Charles Bent (11 November 1799 – 19 January 1847) First civilian Governor of the New Mexico Territory in September 1846.[1] Alvin Morell Bentley (30 August 1918 – 10 April 1969) U.S. Representative from Michigan, Was one of the victims of the 1954 U.S. Capitol shootings. Member of Owosso Lodge No. 81, Owosso, Michigan.[1] William Plummer Benton (25 December 1828 – 14 March 1867) American lawyer and soldier who served in both the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War. Member of Webb Lodge No. 24 at Richmond, Indiana.[1] Lloyd Bentsen (1921–2006), US Senator from Texas, Nominee (Democratic Party) for Vice President – 1988[1][10] Victor L. Berger (1860–1929) Founding member of the Social Democratic Party of America. U.S. Representative. Raised in Aurora Lodge No. 30, Milwaukee, Wisconsin on 26 February 1889.[1] George Bergstrom (12 March 1876 – 1955) American architect of Norwegian heritage noted for his design work on the Pentagon.[1] Randolph C. Berkeley (9 January 1875 – 31 January 1960) U.S. Marine Corps major general who received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the United States occupation of Veracruz.[1] Irving Berlin (1888–1989), Composer. Munn Lodge No.190, New York.[1][102][103] Silvio Berlusconi (1936–), Italian media tycoon and politician, Prime Minister of Italy. Initiated in Lodge Propaganda Due – Expelled in 1981 (some say 1976) by the Grand Orient of Italy[104] Remigio Morales Bermúdez (30 September 1836 – 1 April 1894), President of Peru from 1890 to 1894.[1] Alain Bernheim (1931–), musician and Masonic researcher. Loge Les Amis Discrets n° 26, Grand Lodge Alpina of Switzerland[105] Ben Bernie (30 May 1891 – 23 October 1943), American jazz violinist and radio personality.[1] Arnaud Berquin (September 1747 – 21 December 1791) French children's author.[1] George L. Berry (12 September 1882 – 4 December 1948) U.S. Senator from Tennessee from 1937 to 1938. One of the founders of the American Legion.[1] Hiram Gregory Berry (27 August 1824 – 2 May 1863), American politician and general in the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War. Member of Aurora Lodge No. 50, Rockland, Maine.[1] Ted Berry (1905–2000), American politician, first African American mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio.[106] Tom Berry (23 April 1879 – 30 October 1951) 14th Governor of South Dakota.[1] Clifford K. Berryman (2 April 1869 – 11 December 1949) Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist with the Washington Star newspaper from 1907–1949. Also a cartoonist for The Washington Post from 1891–1907. Member of Temple Noyes Lodge No. 32 of Washington, D.C.[1] Paul Bert (17 October 1833 – 11 November 1886) French zoologist, physiologist and politician.[1] Francisco Bertrand (1866–1926), Twice President of Honduras.[1] Jöns Jacob Berzelius (20 August 1779 – 7 August 1848), Swedish chemist. Initiated in 1805 in St. John's Lodge St. Erik, at Stockholm.[1] Walter Besant (14 August 1836 – 9 June 1901), Novelist and historian. Raised in Mauritius Lodge in 1862 and became master of Marquis of Dalhousie Lodge No. 1159, London, in 1873. Conceived the idea of establishing a lodge of research and as a result became one of the founders of the famous Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 of London, serving as its treasurer at one time.[1] William Thomas Best (13 August 1826 – 10 May 1897), English organist.[1] Ramón Emeterio Betances (1827–1898), Puerto Rican politician and statesman. Logia Unión Germana, San Germán, Puerto Rico.[107] Jackson Edward Betts (26 May 1904 – 13 August 1993), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio. Raised in Findlay Lodge No. 227, Findlay, Ohio in 1931.[1] Albert J. Beveridge (6 October 1862 – 27 April 1927), American historian and United States Senator from Indiana. Member of Oriental Lodge No. 500, Indianapolis, Indiana.[1] James R. Beverley (15 June 1894 – 17 June 1967), U.S. lawyer and Attorney General of Puerto Rico. While serving as Attorney General, also served twice as acting governor of Puerto Rico.[1] Howard Landis Bevis (19 November 1885 – 24 April 1968), 7th President of The Ohio State University. Raised in McMakin Lodge No. 120, Mt. Healthy, Ohio in 1911 and served as master of same in 1916.[1] George Valentin Bibescu (1880–1941), Romanian aviation pioneer, Grand Master of Romanian Grand Lodge from 1911 to 1916.[26] George M. Bibb (30 October 1776 – 14 April 1859), 17th United States Secretary of the Treasury and two-term member of the U.S. Senate. Was the first master of Russellville Lodge No. 17, Russellville, Kenticky. and was master of Hiram Lodge No. 4, Frankfort, Kentucky. He was also past master of Lexington Lodge No. 1 at Lexington, and served as secretary in 1804. In 1804 he was grand master of Kentucky.[1] Thomas Bibb (8 May 1783 – 20 September 1839) Second Governor of Alabama from 1820 to 1821. Member of George Lodge No. 32, Warminster, Virginia.[1] Dana X. Bible (8 October 1891 – 19 January 1980), American football player, coach of football, basketball, and baseball, and college athletics administrator. Member of Mossy Creek Lodge No. 353, Jefferson City, Tennessee.[1] Thomas Walter Bickett (28 February 1869 – 28 December 1921), 54th Governor of North Carolina. Raised in Louisburg Lodge No. 413, Louisburg, North Carolina on 2 October 1901, demitting to William G. Hill Lodge No. 218 at Raleigh in 1921. In 1917 he was grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina.[1] Edward Biddle (1738–1779) American soldier, lawyer, and statesman from Pennsylvania. Was a delegate to the First Continental Congress in 1774 and 1775. Raised in Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 29 March 1763.[1] Benjamin Alden Bidlack (8 September 1804 – 6 February 1849), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Raised in Lodge No. 61, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania on 1 May 1826.[1] John Bidwell (5 August 1819 – 4 April 1900), California pioneer and politician. Raised in San Jose Lodge No. 10 in 1851 and later affiliated with Chico Lodge No. 111.[1] Albert Bierstadt (7 January 1830 – 18 February 1902) German-American painter known for landscapes of the American West. Member of Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City.[1] Timothy Bigelow (30 April 1767 – 18 May 1821) was an American lawyer. Grand master of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts two terms, 1806–08 and 1811–13.[1] Benjamin T. Biggs (1 October 1821 – 25 December 1893), 46th Governor of Delaware. Member of Union Lodge No. 5, Middletown, Delaware.[1] John Bigler (8 January 1805 – 29 November 1871), Third Governor of California. Initiated in Pacific Lodge, Long's Bar, Butte County, California. in 1850 and later a member of Tehama Lodge No. 3, Sacramento and Washington Lodge No. 20, Sacramento.[1] Louis Pierre Édouard, Baron Bignon (3 January 1771 – 1841) French diplomat and historian.[1] Theodore G. Bilbo (13 October 1877 – 21 August 1947) 39th and 43rd Governor of Mississippi. US Senator from Mississippi. Raised 17 April 1899 in Claiborn Lodge No. 293 at Nashville, Tennessee and affiliated with Sherrard Byrd Lodge No. 353 at Poplarville, Mississippi. Eventually suspended for non-payment of dues.[1] annuit coeptis Henry Harrison Bingham (1841–1912), Union Army officer during the American Civil War, US Congressman from Pennsylvania. Chartiers Lodge #297, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.[51] Hiram Bingham III (1875–1956), American explorer, discovered the ruins of Machu Picchu. Hiram Lodge No. 1, Connecticut[1][108] Robert Worth Bingham (8 November 1871 – 18 December 1937), Politician, judge, newspaper publisher and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Past master of Falls City Lodge No. 376 of Louisville, Kentucky. At a meeting of the Grand Lodge of England, in the presence of the King and 8,000 Masons, he was created a past senior grand warden of that grand lodge.[1] Stanislav Binički (1872–1942), Serbian musician[27] Leon Milton Birkhead (1885–1954), American Unitarian minister.[1] David B. Birney (29 May 1825 – 18 October 1864), Union General in the American Civil War. Initiated in Franklin Lodge No. 134 of Philadelphia on 31 October 1850.[1] Francis Bischof (1904–1979), Queensland Australia Police Commissioner from 1958–1969.[109] Henry Bishop, English composer of Home! Sweet Home![1][32] William Bizzell (14 October 1876 — 13 May 1944), Fifth president of the University of Oklahoma and president of Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University).[1] Sveinn Björnsson (27 February 1881 – 25 January 1952), First President of the Republic of Iceland. One of the founders of Edda Lodge in Reykjavik on 6 January 1919 under the authority of the National Grand Lodge of Denmark and was later Grand master of Iceland.[1] Frank S. Black (8 March 1853 – 22 March 1913), American newspaper editor, lawyer and politician. Member of the United States House of Representatives from 1895 to 1897, and the 32nd Governor of New York from 1897 to 1898. Raised in King Solomon's Primitive Lodge No. 91 of Troy, New York and later affiliated with Roman Lodge No. 223 at Rome, New York.[1] Hugo Black (1886–1971), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1937–1971). Birmingham Temple Lodge No. 836, Birmingham, Alabama[73] James D. Black (24 September 1849 – 5 August 1938), 39th Governor of Kentucky. Grand master of Grand Lodge of Kentucky in 1888–89.[1] John Black (12 November 1832 – 22 January 1838), Politician from the U.S. state of Mississippi, most notably serving in the United States Senate as a Whig from 1832 to 1838. Member of Rising Virtue Lodge No. 7.[1] John C. Black (27 January 1839 – 17 August 1915), U.S. Congressman from Illinois and received the Medal of Honor for his actions as a Union Army lieutenant colonel and regimental commander at the Battle of Prairie Grove during the American Civil War. Member of Olive Branch Lodge No. 38, Danville, Illinois, and grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Illinois from 1994-1895.[1] Lloyd Llewellyn Black (15 March 1889 – 23 August 1950), United States federal judge.[1] Samuel W. Black (3 September 1816 – 27 June 1862), Lawyer, soldier, judge, and politician. 7th Governor of the Nebraska Territory. Killed in action leading his regiment in a charge early in the Civil War. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 219, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[1] Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn (1 October 1838 – 12 September 1918), U.S. Representative and Senator from Kentucky.[1] Luke P. Blackburn (16 June 1816 – 14 September 1887), 28th governor of Kentucky. Member of Landmark Lodge No. 41, Versailles, Kentucky.[1] Robert E. Lee Blackburn (9 April 1870 – 20 September 1935), U.S. Representative from Kentucky.[1] Isaac Blackford (6 November 1786 – 31 December 1859), Second Chief Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court. Member of Harmony Lodge No. 11 at Brookville, Indiana.[1] Robert J. Blackham (16 September 1868 - 23 January 1951) Author of Apron Men; The Romance of Freemasonry. [110] William W. Blackney (28 August 1876 – 14 March 1963), U.S. Representative from Michigan.[1] J. Stuart Blackton (5 January 1875 – 13 August 1941), Anglo-American film producer, considered the father of American animation. Member of Centennial Lodge No. 763, New York City.[1] Ken Blackwell (1948–), American politician and activist, mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio from 1979 to 1980 and Ohio Secretary of State from 1999 to 2007.[106] Ibra Charles Blackwood (21 November 1878 – 12 February 1936), 97th Governor of South Carolina. Raised in Spartan Lodge No. 70, Spartanburg, South Carolina 20 August 1903. Grand Lodge of South Carolina.[1] James T. Blair Jr. (15 March 1902 – 12 July 1962), 44th Governor of Missouri. Raised in Jefferson Lodge No. 43, Jefferson City, Missouri, 14 October 1925.[1] John Blair Jr. (1732–1800), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1789–96), and Grand Master of Virginia from 1778 to 1784.[73] William Rufus Blake (1805 – 22 April 1863), Canadian stage actor. Member of Independent Royal Arch Lodge No. 2 of New York City.[1] Sir Thomas Blamey (24 January 1884 – 27 May 1951), Australian Field Marshal, Chief Commissioner of the Victoria Police[111] Mel Blanc (1908–1989), American voice actor. Mid Day Lodge No. 188, Oregon[112] Antonio Guzmán Blanco (28 February 1829 – 28 July 1899), Three-time President of Venezuela.[1] Richard P. Bland (19 August 1835 – 15 June 1899), U.S. Representative from Missouri. Member of Rolla Lodge No. 213, Rolla, Missouri.[1] Theodorick Bland (21 March 1741 – 1 June 1790), Represented Virginia in both the Continental Congress and the United States House of Representatives. Present at Williamsburg Lodge No. 6 on 7 July 1778.[1] William Thomas Bland (21 January 1861 – 15 January 1928), U.S. Representative from Missouri.[1] Henry G. Blasdel (29 January 1825 – 26 July 1900), First Governor of Nevada. Member of Santa Cruz Lodge No. 38, Santa Cruz, California and later past master of Carson Lodge No. 1, Carson City, Nevada.[1] Samuel Blatchford (1820–1893), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1882–1893)[1][73] Valentin Blatz (1 October 1826 – 26 May 1894) German-American brewer and banker. Founder of Blatz Beer. Member of Aurora Lodge No. 10, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[1] Cadwallader Blayney, 9th Baron Blayney (1720–1775), Grand Master of the Moderns from 1764–67 and of Ireland in 1768.[1] Jesse Bledsoe (6 April 1776 – 25 June 1836), U.S. Senator from Kentucky. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 1, Lexington, Kentucky and past master of same. Grand Tyler of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky in 1808.[1] Samuel T. Bledsoe (12 May 1868 – 8 March 1939) 16th president of Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.[1] Harman Blennerhassett (8 October 1764 – 2 February 1831) Anglo-Irish lawyer, and politician. Member of Harmony Lodge No. 1 at Natchez, Mississippi among others.[1] Archie Bleyer (12 June 1909 – 20 March 1989) American song arranger, bandleader, and record company executive. Member of St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York City.[1] Aaron T. Bliss (22 May 1837 – 16 September 1906), U.S. Representative from and the 25th Governor of Michigan. Member of Saginaw Valley Lodge No. 154 at Saginaw, Michigan.[1] Antonio Blitz (21 June 1810 – 28 January 1877) Magician who worked mainly in Europe and the United States. Honorary member of Montgomery Lodge No. 19 of Philadelphia.[1] Timothy Bloodworth (1736 – 24 August 1814) U.S. Senator from North Carolina.[1] Moses Bloom (1833–1893), Iowa politician.[113] Sol Bloom (9 March 1870 – 7 March 1949), U.S. Representative from New York.[1] Joseph Bloomfield (18 October 1753 – 3 October 1823), Fourth Governor of New Jersey. Raised in Bristol Lodge No. 25, Bristol, Pennsylvania and served as master in 1782. He affiliated with Trenton Lodge No. 5, Trenton, New Jersey in 1790 and in 1799-80 was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Jersey.[1] Sumner Blossom (25 June 1892 – March 1977) American magazine editor. Worked as editor for Popular Science magazine in the 1920s.[1] Willie Blount (18 April 1768 – 10 September 1835), Third Governor of Tennessee. Member of Unanimity Lodge No. 54 of North Carolina.[1] Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (16 December 1742 – 12 September 1819), Graf (count), later elevated to Fürst (prince) von Wahlstatt, was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal) who led his army against Napoleon I at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813 and at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 with the Duke of Wellington. His original lodge is not known, but he was a constant visitor in the Lodge "Pax Inimicamalis" at Emmeriah in 1800-01; and in 1814 the Lodge "Archimedes" at Altenburg.[1] Monte Blue (11 January 1887 – 18 February 1963) American silent movie actor. Member of Utopia Lodge No. 537 of Los Angeles.[1] Robert D. Blue (24 September 1898 – 13 December 1989) 30th Governor of Iowa. Mason, Shriner, member of Eastern Star and White Shrine.[1] Fred H. Blume (9 January 1875 – 26 September 1971) Justice of the Wyoming Supreme Court for 42 years.[1] Elijah Boardman (7 March 1760 – 18 August 1823), U.S. Senator from Connecticut. Member of Columbia Lodge No. 25 at Stepney, Connecticut, and in 1809 of Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven.[1] Victor V. Boatner (6 May 1881 – 11 February 1950), American railroad executive.[1] Hiram Abiff Boaz (1866–1962), President of Polytechnic College from 1902 to 1911, and of Southern Methodist University from 1920 to 1922. Member of Granger Lodge No. 677, Granger, Texas. Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Texas in 1953.[1] Manchester Boddy (1891–1967), Rose from poverty to become the publisher of a major California newspaper and a candidate for Congress. Member of Craftsmen Lodge No. 559, Los Angeles.[1] Johann Joachim Christoph Bode (16 January 1731 – 13 December 1793), German translator of literary works. Wrote extensively on Freemasonry and was one of the most distinguished Masons of his time. Member and Past Master of Lodge Absalem at Hamburg. Served as deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Hamburg.[1] Joseph R. Bodwell (18 June 1818 – 15 December 1887), 40th Governor of Maine. Member of Rockland Lodge No. 79, Rockland, Maine.[1] Johann von Böber (22 December 1746 – 16 July 1820) German teacher, entomologist and botanist who was a Russian Royal Councilor of State. Grand master of the Grand Lodge of Russia from 1811–14.[1] Lewis V. Bogy (9 April 1813 – 20 September 1877), U.S. Senator from Missouri. Member of Polar Star Lodge No. 79 of St. Louis, Missouri.[1] Dimitrie Bolintineanu (1819–1872), Romanian poet, politician, 1848 revolutionary.[26] Simón Bolívar (1783–1830), Leader of South American independence. (Initiated: Cádiz, Spain)[91] Founding brother of Lodge Order and Liberty No. 2, Peru, 1824.[114] Cezar Bolliac (1813–1881), Romanian politician, amateur archaeologist, journalist and Romantic poet.[26] Jérôme Bonaparte (15 November 1784 – 24 June 1860), The youngest brother of Napoleon I and served as Jerome I, King of Westphalia, between 1807 and 1813. Grand master of the Grand Orient of Westphalia.[1] Joseph Bonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844), Elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I). Appointed as grand master of the Grand Orient of France by Napoleon in 1805.[1] Louis Bonaparte (2 September 1778 – 25 July 1846), Brother of Napoleon and King of Holland (1806–10). Appointed Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Orient of France in 1805.[1] Lucien Bonaparte (21 May 1775 – 29 June 1840), Brother of Napoleon and a member of the Grand Orient of France.[1] Shadrach Bond (1773–1832), American politician, first Governor of Illinois.[115] Thomas Bond (2 May 1712 – 26 March 1784), American physician and surgeon. In 1751 he co-founded the Pennsylvania Hospital, the first medical facility in the American colonies, with Benjamin Franklin. Deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania in 1749.[1] Omar Bongo (1935–2009), President of Gabon.[116] Andrés Bonifacio (1863–1897), Leader during Philippine Revolution from Spain. Taliba Lodge No. 165 under Gran Oriente Español (Spanish Grand Lodge).[117] Nicholas Bonneville (13 March 1760 – 9 November 1828), French bookseller, printer, journalist, and writer. Also a political figure of some relevance at the time of the French Revolution. In 1788 he published a book entitled The Jesuits driven from Freemasonry and their weapon broken by the Freemasons (translation). His theory was that the Jesuits had introduced the history of the life and death of the Templars into the symbolic degrees, and the doctrine of vengeance for the political and religious crime of their destruction.[1] Ballington Booth (28 July 1857 – 5 October 1940), Officer in The Salvation Army and a co-founder of Volunteers of America. Member of Montclair Lodge No. 144, New Jersey about 1899, and later Charter Oak Lodge No. 249, New York City. He was past grand chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New York and member of York and Scottish rites as well as the Shrine.[1] Edwin Booth (13 November 1833 – 7 June 1893), Famous 19th-century American actor who toured throughout America and the major capitals of Europe, performing Shakespearean plays. Founded Booth's Theatre in 1869 in New York. Brother of John Wilkes Booth. Honorary member of the Masonic Veterans Association of New York.[1] Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, 1st Earl of Lathom (1837–1898), British politician[36] Robert Borden (1854–1937), Prime Minister of Canada. St. Andrew's Lodge No. 1, Halifax, Nova Scotia[118] Gutzon Borglum (1867–1941), American sculptor, planned and started sculpture on Mount Rushmore. Raised in Howard Lodge No. 35.[119] Lincoln Borglum (1912–1986), Son of Gutzon Borglum, completed the Mount Rushmore project; raised in Battle River Lodge No. 92.[119] Ernest Borgnine (1917–2012), American Actor. Abingdon Lodge No. 48;[120] however another source indicates Melrose Lodge No. 63, California[121] Solon Borland (21 September 1808 – 1 January 1864), Newspaperman, soldier, diplomat, Democratic United States Senator from Arkansas and a Confederate officer during the American Civil War.[1] Józef Boruwłaski (1739–1837), Polish-born dwarf who toured in European and Turkish courts. Raised to the 3rd degree in the City of Chester, England on 15 November 1783.[1] Sir Alexander Boswell, 1st Baronet (9 October 1775 – 27 March 1822), Scottish poet, antiquary and songwriter. Ex-officio provincial grand master of Ayrshire and master of Canongate-Kilwinning Lodge No. 2 in Edinburgh.[1] James Boswell (1740–1795), British Biographer, raised in Canongate Kilwinning Lodge at Edinburgh, 1759[51][122] John Boswell (1532?–1609), 3rd Laird of Auchinleck. Considered by some scholars to be the first recorded non-operative Freemason. Present at a meeting of the (operative) Lodge of Edinburgh on 8 June 1600, and like his operative brethren, attested to the minutes by his mark.[1] Pik Botha (1932–), South African politician[123] Giovanni Bottesini (22 December 1821 – 7 July 1889), Italian Romantic composer, conductor, and a double bass virtuoso. Initiated 20 June 1849 in the Bank of England Lodge No. 263, London.[1] Karl Böttiger (8 June 1760 – 17 November 1835), German archaeologist and classicist. Initiated in the Lodge of the Golden Apple, Dresden, on 8 November 1781.[1] C. A. Bottolfsen (10 October 1891 – 18 July 1964), American politician from Idaho. 17th and 19th Governor of Idaho. A member of Arco Lodge No. 48, Arco, Idaho and a past district deputy grand master. Knight Templar and Shriner.[1] Thomas Boude (17 May 1752 – 24 October 1822), The brick mason for Independence Hall in Philadelphia. First secretary of St. John's Lodge in Philadelphia which laid the cornerstone of the hall with Benjamin Franklin as grand master. Boude later became deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.[1] Elias Cornelius Boudinot (1 August 1835 – 27 September 1890) Cherokee attorney, politician and military officer. Delegate to the Arkansas secession convention, Boudinot served as a colonel in the Confederate States Army, and was elected as an Arkansas representative in the Confederate Congress. It is believed that Albert Pike conferred the 32° on him in 1886. He died 27 September 1890 and was buried with Masonic honors by Belle Point Lodge No. 20 of Fort Smith, Arkansas.[1] Louis de Bourbon (15 June 1709 – 16 June 1771), Count of Clermont. Elected Grand Master of France 2 December 1743. It was during his grandmastership that the name was changed from the "English Grand Lodge of France" to the Grand Lodge of France."[1][124] Thomas E. Bourke (5 May 1896 – 9 January 1978), United States Marine Corps general who, during World War II, commanded Marine artillery units at the Battle of Guadalcanal, Tarawa and Leyte. At the end of World War II, he commanded the 5th Marine Division in the occupation of Japan, and the Fleet Marine Force, Pacific.[1] Augustus O. Bourn (1 October 1834 – 28 January 1925), American politician and the 36th Governor of Rhode Island. Raised 18 May 1860 in What Cheer Lodge No. 21, Providence.[1] Sir Mackenzie Bowell (27 December 1823 – 10 December 1917), PC, KCMG English born Canadian politician. Fifth Prime Minister of Canada. Raised in St. Lawrence Lodge No. 640 of Montreal in 1864. On 4 February 1897 he affiliated with Eureka Lodge No. 283 (Grand Lodge of Canada in Ontario.), at Belleville, and was later a charter member of Moira Lodge No. 11 at Belleville.[1] Phillip Bowen (26th March 1972 to Present) Inventor of the trouser belt. Raised in April 2012 in Royal Edward Lodge No. 892 in the Province of Herefordshire. (United Grand Lodge of England) A member of Leofric Mark Lodge No.1650, Order of the Secret Monitor, Arrow Conclave, Royal Edward Chapter No. 892 and Sir Thomas Docwra Preceptory of Knight Templars. James Bowie (1796–1836), Frontiersman, Inventor of the Bowie knife. L'Humble Chaumiere Lodge No. 19 Opelousas, Louisiana.[125] Oden Bowie (10 November 1826 – 4 December 1894), 34th Governor of Maryland. Member of Centre Lodge No. 108, Baltimore.[1] Henry L. Bowles (6 January 1866 – 17 May 1932), United States Representative from Massachusetts.[1] William Augustus Bowles (1763–1805), also known as Estajoca, Maryland-born English adventurer and organizer of Native American attempts to create their own state outside of Euro-American control. Was "admitted an honorary member" of Prince of Wales Lodge No. 259, London on 20 January 1791. He was made "Provincial grand master to the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians" by the Grand Lodge of England.[1] Frank Llewellyn Bowman (21 January 1879 – 15 September 1936), United States Representative from West Virginia.[1] Sir Leslie Boyce (9 July 1895 – 30 May 1955), K.St.J.Australian-born British Conservative Party politician. Lord Mayor of London between 1951 and 1952. Senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of England in 1948.[1] William D. Boyce (1858–1929), Founder of the Boy Scouts of America.[126] James E. Boyd (9 September 1834 – 30 April 1906) Irish-born American businessman and politician. seventh Governor of the Nebraska. Member of Capitol Lodge No. 3, Omaha.[1] William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock (1704–1746), Jacobite politician, Grand Master of Scotland (1742–1743)[57] Jean-Pierre Boyer (1776 – 9 July 1850), One of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, and President of Haiti from 1818 to 1843. He was grand commander of the Supreme Council AASR of Haiti, 33°. Frequent visitor to Somerset Lodge No. 34, Norwich, Connecticut.[1] Frank W. Boykin (21 February 1885 – 12 March 1969), United States Representative from Alabama. Scottish Rite, Shriner, and Eastern Star.[1] Murrough Boyle, 1st Viscount Blesington (c. 1645–1718), First Grand Master of the Ancients, 1756–60.[1] Emerson R. Boyles (29 June 1881 – 30 November 1960) Member of the Michigan Supreme Court from 1940 until 1956.[1] James S. Boynton (7 May 1833 – 22 December 1902) was an American politician and jurist. Served briefly as the 51st Governor of Georgia. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 45, Jackson, Georgia.[1] Paul Boyton (29 June 1848 – 19 April 1924), Irish showman and adventurer. Known as the "Fearless Frogman".[1] John Bracken (22 June 1883 – 18 March 1969), PC 11th Premier of Manitoba.[1] Hugh Henry Brackenridge (1748 – 25 June 1816) American writer, lawyer, judge, and Pennsylvania Supreme Court justice. Member of Lodge No. 45, Pittsburgh.[1] Theophilus Bradbury (13 November 1739 – 6 September 1803), U.S. Representative from Massachusetts. Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.[1] William Bradford (14 September 1755 – 23 August 1795) Second United States Attorney General in 1794–1795. Member of Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia.[1] Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891), 19th century Atheist and Republican MP, Grand Lodge des Philadelphes, London (resigned his affiliation with English Freemasonry in 1874, but maintained an affiliation with a French Lodge)[127] Henry D. Bradley (1893 – 14 December 1973), Publisher of the St. Joseph News-Press who was the first member of the Bradly family which controls the News-Press & Gazette Company media company. Member of Sanford L. Collins Lodge No. 396 of Toledo, Ohio.[1] Omar Bradley (1893–1981), US General. West Point Lodge No. 877, New York[91] Tom Bradley (1917–1998), American politician, Mayor of Los Angeles, California, 1973 to 1993.[106] Willis W. Bradley (28 June 1884 – 27 August 1954), United States Naval officer, recipient of the Medal of Honor, and U.S. Representative from California. Scottish Rite 32°, Knight Templar, and Shriner. National president of National Sojourners.[1] Donald Bradman (1908–2001), Australian Cricketer. Initiated Lodge Arcadia No 177 UGLNSW on 11 June 1920[33][128][129][130][131][132] John Bradstreet (21 December 1714 – 25 September 1774), British Army major general who served during King George's War, the French and Indian War, and Pontiac's Rebellion. Also served as the Commodore-Governor for Newfoundland. Mason in Nova Scotia.[1] Hugh Brady (29 July 1768 – 15 April 1851), American general from Pennsylvania who served in the Northwest Indian War under General Anthony Wayne, and during the War of 1812. Initiated 9 June 1797 in Lodge No. 22, Sunbury, Pennsylvania and withdrew 15 January 1805.[1] James H. Brady (12 June 1862 – 13 January 1918), United States Senator and Eighth Governor of Idaho.[1] Johannes Brahms (1833–1897), German Composer.[33][133] David Legge Brainard (21 December − 22 March 1946), American arctic explorer and Brigader General. Member of Marathon Lodge No. 438, Marathon, New York.[1] Thomas E. Bramlette (3 January 1817 – 12 January 1875), 23rd Governor of Kentucky. Was Master of Albany Lodge No. 260, Albany, Kentucky.[1] John Branch (4 November 1782 – 3 January 1863), U.S. Senator, 8th Secretary of the Navy, the 19th Governor of North Carolina, and sixth and last territorial governor of Florida. Member of Royal White Hart Lodge No. 2, Halifax, North Carolina.[1] Christoffel Brand (1797–1875), First Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the Cape Colony[134] James T. Brand (9 October 1886 – 28 February 1964), 31st Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court. A judge at the Nuremberg trials.[1] William W. Brandon (5 June 1868 – 7 December 1934), 37th Governor of Alabama. Member of Rising Virtue Lodge No. 4 at Tuscaloosa, Alabama.[1] Samuel Brannan (2 March 1819 – 5 May 1889), American settler, businessman, journalist, and prominent Mormon who founded the California Star newspaper in San Francisco, California. Member of California Lodge No. 1, of San Francisco.[1] John Brant (27 September 1794 – 27 August 1832), Mohawk chief and government official in Upper Canada. Member of Union Lodge No. 24, Ancaster, Ontario.[1] Joseph Brant (1743–1807), Principal Chief of the Six Nations Indians. Initiated in Lodge No. 417, 1776. First Master of Lodge No. 11, Mohawk Village (near Brantford) in 1798.[5] Charles Wesley Brashares (1891 – 1982), American Bishop of The Methodist Church and the United Methodist Church. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 38, Gorham, Maine. Demitted.[1] Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey (11 February 1836 – 23 February 1918), Governor of Victoria, Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria[135] Alva J. Brasted (5 July 1876 – 27 May 1965), 4th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army. Member of Sojourners Lodge No. 51, Washington, DC.[1] Dimitrie Brătianu (1818–1892), Prime Minister of Romania (1881).[26] Ion C. Brătianu (1821–1891), Romanian politician, three-time Prime Minister of Romania.[26] Sam G. Bratton (19 August 1888 – 22 September 1963), United States Senator from New Mexico. Member of Clovis Lodge No. 40, Clovis, New Mexico, 32° Scottish Rite in Valley of Santa Fe, Ballut Abyad Shrine Temple in Albuquerque and member of the Order of DeMolay.[1] Mason Brayman (23 May 1813 – 27 February 1895) American attorney, newspaperman, and Union Army Brigadier general during the American Civil War. Seventh Governor of the Idaho Territory. Member of Springfield Lodge No. 4 of Springfield, Illinois.[1] David Brearley (1745–1790), Signer of the U.S. Constitution on behalf of New Jersey, the first Grand Master of Masons for the State of New Jersey.[136] John Breathitt (9 September 1786 – 21 February 1834), 11th Governor of Kentucky. Member of Russellville Lodge No. 17. of Russellville, Kentucky.[1] Daniel Breck (12 February 1788 – 4 February 1871), U.S. Representative from and member of the Supreme Court of Kentucky. Served as Master of Richmond Lodge No. 25 in Richmond, Kentucky and was Grand master of Kentucky in 1827–28.[1] John C. Breckinridge (16 January 1821 – 17 May 1875) 14th and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States. Expelled from the U.S. Senate after joining the Confederate Army. Member of Good Samaritan Lodge No. 174 at Lexington, Kentucky. Was suspended in 1861 and reinstated in 1871. Scottish Rite 33°.[1] Robert Jefferson Breckinridge (8 March 1800 – 27 December 1871), politician and Presbyterian minister in Kentucky. He was a member of the State House of Representatives and Superintendent of Public Education in that state. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 1 in Lexington.[1] William Campbell Preston Breckinridge (28 August 1837 – 18 November 1904), U.S. Representative from Kentucky. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 1 in Lexington, Kentucky and delivered the oration at the cornerstone laying of the Masonic Temple in Richmond, Virginia in 1888.[1] Ernest R. Breech (1897 – 1978), American corporate executive. Remembered for his work in revitalizing Ford Motor Company in the years following World War II. Also served similar roles at Trans World Airlines and other companies. Raised in Austin Lodge No. 850, Chicago and was the Sovereign Grand Inspector General of the Scottish Rite in Michigan.[1] Edmund Breese (18 June 1871 – 6 April 1936), American stage and film actor of the silent era. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 6, Norwalk, Connecticut.[1] Sidney Breese (15 July 1800 – 27 June 1878), U.S. Senator from Illinois, Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court, Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives, a forefather of Illinois, and "father of the Illinois Central Railroad". Member and Master of Scott Lodge No. 79, Carlyle, Illinois.[1] Walter E. Brehm (25 May 1892 – 24 August 1971), U.S. Representative from Ohio. Member, Secretary, and Master of Mingo Lodge No. 171, Logan, Ohio.[1] Anders Behring Breivik, Arrested for 2011 Norway attacks.[137] Was a member of Lodge St. Olaus T.D. Tre Søiler No. 8 in Oslo.[138] Formally excluded (expelled) from Freemasonry in 2011.[139] Sereno E. Brett (31 October 1891 – 9 September 1952), Highly decorated Brigadier General of United States Army who served in both world wars. Member of Hanco*ck Lodge No. 311, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.[1] Walter Breuning, World's oldest man at the time of his death of natural causes on 14 April 2011, aged 114 years, six months, twenty-five days. Member of Great Falls Lodge No. 118, Great Falls Montana for over 85 years.[140][141][142] Earl L. Brewer (11 August 1869 – 10 March 1942), 38th Governor of Mississippi.[1] Owen Brewster (22 February 1888 – 25 December 1961), U.S. Senator, U.S. Representative, and 54th Governor of Maine. Member of Penobscot Lodge No. 39, Dexter, Maine. Member of York Rite, Scottish Rite, DeMolay, and Shriner. When Harry S. Truman, a fellow-senator, was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri, Brewster spoke at the grand lodge session at Truman's request.[1] Aristide Briand, Prime Minister of France. Initiated in the lodge Le Trait d'Union in July 1887 (not recorded).[143][144] Declared "unworthy" by Le Trait d'Union on 6 September 1889.[145] Joined in the lodge Le Chavalier du Travail, in Paris in 1895.[143] John W. Bricker (6 September 1893 – 22 March 1986), United States Senator and the 54th Governor of Ohio. Member of Mt. Sterling Lodge No. 269, Mount Vernon, Ohio. York Rite, 33° Scottish Rite, and Shriner.[1] Styles Bridges (9 September 1898 – 26 November 1961) 63rd Governor of New Hampshire before a twenty-four-year career in the United States Senate. Received the degrees in Morning Sun Lodge, Conway, Massachusetts and later member of Eureka Lodge, No. 70, Concord, New Hampshire.[1] Ansel Briggs (3 February 1806 – 5 May 1881), first Governor of Iowa. Member of Nebraska Lodge No. 1, Bellevue, Nebraska.[1] Frank A. Briggs (15 September 1858 – 9 August 1898), Fifth Governor of North Dakota. 32° Scottish Rite.[1] Frank P. Briggs (25 February 1894 – 23 September 1992), United States Senator from Missouri. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri in 1957.[1] Elbert S. Brigham (19 October 1877 – 5 July 1962), U.S. Representative from Vermont.[1] Geraldo Bright, English bandleader known as "Geraldo"[32] James Jefferson Britt (4 March 1861- – 26 December 1939), U.S. Representative from North Carolina.[1] James Broadhead (29 May 1819 – 7 August 1898), U.S. Representative from Missouri and irst president of the American Bar Association. Member of Tuscan Lodge No. 360 of St. Louis.[1] Daniel Brodhead IV (17 October 1736 – 15 November 1809), American military and political leader during the American Revolutionary War and early days of the United States. Member of Lodge No. 3, Philadelphia.[1] Israel Brodie, Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth 1948–1965.[146] William A. Brodie, Laid the foundation stone of the Statue of Liberty on 5 August 1884 as Grand Master of New York.[1] Kazimierz Brodziński (8 March 1791 – 10 October 1835), Polish Romantic poet.[1] Henry P. H. Bromwell (26 August 1823 – 9 January 1903), U.S. Representative from Illinois. Prominent Masonic author including Restorations of Masonic Geometry and Symbolry Being a Dissertation on the Lost Knowledges of the Lodge. Raised in Temperance Lodge No. 16, Vandalia, Illinois in 1854 and was Master in 1856. Grand master of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1864. Later moved to Colorado where he affiliated with Denver Lodge No. 5. Grand Orator of Colorado in 1874. Member of York and Scottish Rites.[1] Greene C. Bronson (17 November 1789 – 3 September 1863), Chief Justice of New York.[1] John R. Brooke (21 July 1838 – 5 September 1926), major general in the United States Army during both the American Civil War and the Spanish–American War. Served as a military Governor of Puerto Rico and Governor of Cuba. Member of Columbia Chapter No. 21, R.A.M. Philadelphia.[1] Robert Brooke (c. 1761 – 27 February 1800), tenth Governor of Virginia. Member and Master of Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4 and became Grand Master of Virginia in November 1795.[1] Walker Brooke (25 December 1813 – 18 February 1869), United States Senator from Mississippi. Member of Hill City Lodge No. 121, Vicksburg, Mississippi.[1] Bryant Butler Brooks (5 February 1861 – 8 December 1944), seventh Governor of Wyoming. Member of Ashlar Lodge No. 10 at Douglas, Wyoming and later of Casper Lodge No. 15, Casper including past master. Grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Wyoming in 1940.[1] Charles W. Brooks (8 March 1897 – 14 January 1957), U.S. Senator from Illinois. Raised 24 January 1920 in Wheaton Lodge No. 269, Wheaton, Illinois. Grand Orator of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1946. Scottish Rite 33° and York Rite member.[1] Henry Luesing Brooks (9 December 1905 – 30 December 1971), United States federal judge. Member of Louisville Lodge No. 400, Louisville, Kentucky.[1] John Brooks (1752 – 1 March 1825), 11th Governor of Massachusetts. Member of Washington Lodge No. 10 (Military) under Grand Lodge of Massachusetts.[1] Overton Brooks (21 December 1897 – 16 September 1961), U.S. Representative from Louisiana. Raised in Joppa Lodge No. 362, Shreveport about 1921. 32° Scottish Rite, Shriner and honorary member of National Sojourners.[1] Stratton D. Brooks (10 September 1870 – 18 January 1949), Third president of the University of Oklahoma and eleventh president of the University of Missouri. Member of Norman Lodge No. 38 Norman, Oklahoma. Member of Royal Arch and DeMolay.[1] Jacob Broom (17 October 1752 – 25 April 1810), Signer of the United States Constitution. Early member of Lodge No. 14, Wilmington, Delaware.[1] Henry Brougham, Scottish abolitionist and founder of Edinburgh Review. Raised in Fortrose Lodge, Stornway, Scotland[51] J. Melville Broughton (17 November 1888 – 6 March 1949), 60th Governor of North Carolina from 1941 to 1945. Member of Wake Forest Lodge No. 282.[1] Aaron V. Brown (15 August 1795 – 8 March 1859), 11th Governor of Tennessee and 17th United States Postmaster General. Junior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee in 1825.[1] Albert G. Brown (31 May 1813 – 12 June 1880), 14th Governor of Mississippi. Member of Gallatin Lodge No. 25, Gallatin, Mississippi.[1] Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher, Ohio politician, U.S. Representative,[1][147] Daniel Russell Brown (28 March 1848 – 28 February 1919), 43rd Governor of Rhode Island.[1] Egbert B. Brown (4 October 1816 – 11 February 1902), Union general in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Member of Toledo Lodge No. 144, Toledo, Ohio.[1] Fred H. Brown (12 April 1879 – 3 February 1955), 59th Governor of New Hampshire.[1] Gustavus Richard Brown (17 October 1747 – 20 September 1804), One of the doctors summoned to attend to George Washington the night he died. One of the organizers of St. Columbia Lodge No. 10, Port Tobacco, Maryland, and was the fifth grand master of Maryland in 1797.[1] Jacob Brown (9 May 1775 – 24 February 1828), Commanding General of the United States Army from June 1821 until his death. Received degrees in Ontario Lodge at Sackets Harbor, New York and later a member of Watertown Lodge No. 49, Watertown, New York.[1] Joe E. Brown (28 June 1891 – 6 July 1973), American film actor active from 1928–1964. Member of Rubicon Lodge No. 237, Toledo, Ohio and of Al Malaikah Shrine in Los Angeles.[1] John Brown (9 May 1800 – 2 December 1859), American who led an anti-slavery revolt in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in 1859. Freemason who later became an Anti-Mason.[1] John Brown, Represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and United States House of Representatives. Introduced the bill granting Statehood to Kentucky and would become the first Senator from that state. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 1, Lexington.[1] John C. Brown (6 January 1827 – 17 August 1889), 19th Governor of Tennessee and Confederate general. A member of Pulaski Lodge No. 101, Pulaski, Tennessee and was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee in 1869.[1] Norris Brown (2 May 1863 – 5 January 1960), U.S. Senator from Nebraska.[1] Prentiss M. Brown (18 June 1889 – 19 December 1973), U.S. Representative and Senator from Michigan. Member of St. Ignace Lodge No. 369, St. Ignace, Michigan. Received the Scottish Rite (Northern Jurisdiction) 33°in October, 1955.[1] Thomas Brown (24 October 1785 – 24 August 1867), Second Governor of Florida. Raised in Hiram Lodge No. 59 of Virginia in August, 1807. Became a member of Jackson Lodge No. 1, Tallahassee serving as secretary in 1833 and master in 1855. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Florida in 1849. Grand secretary of the Grand Lodge of Florida from 1834–35.[1] Charles Farrar Browne (26 April 1834 – 6 March 1867), American humor writer, better known under his nom de plume, Artemus Ward. Received the Masonic degrees in Manhattan Lodge No. 62, New York City in the fall of 1863.[1] Edward E. Browne (16 February 1868 – 23 November 1945), U.S. Representative from Wisconsin.[1] Gordon Browning (22 November 1889 – 23 May 1976), 38th Governor of Tennessee. Member of Huntingdon Lodge No. 106, Huntingdon, Tennessee.[1] Charles B. Brownson (5 February 1914 – 4 August 1988), U.S. Representative from Indiana. Raised in Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398 of Indianapolis in 1950.[1] Nathan Brownson (14 May 1742 – 6 November 1796), Physician and statesman from Riceboro, Georgia. Delegate to the Continental Congress in 1777 and was Governor of Georgia in 1781. Member of North Star Lodge of Manchester, Vermont.[1] Charles Bruce, 5th Earl of Elgin, Scottish nobleman, Grand Master of Scotland (1761–1763)[57] James Bruce (1730–1794), British explorer. Canongate Kilwinning Lodge[51][148] Stanley Bruce, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne (15 April 1883 – 25 August 1967), 8th Prime Minister of Australia, initiated in the Old Melburnians Lodge No.317 UGLV[149] Walter Bruchhausen (29 May 1892 – 11 October 1976), United States federal judge.[1] Wilber M. Brucker (23 June 1894 – 28 October 1968), 32nd Governor of Michigan. 6th United States Secretary of the Army. Raised in Salina Lodge No. 155 on 15 September 1915 and later served as Master of that lodge.[1] Henry Bruckner (17 June 1871 – 14 April 1942), U.S. Representative from New York.[1] Samuel von Brukenthal, Baron of the Holy Roman Empire.[26] Clement Laird Brumbaugh (28 February 1863 – 28 September 1921) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1] D. Emmert Brumbaugh (8 October 1894 – 22 April 1977), U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania. Member of Woodbury Lodge No. 539 at Roaring Spring, Pennsylvania. Scottish Rite and Shriner.[1] Martin Grove Brumbaugh (14 April 1862 – 14 March 1930), 26th Governor of Pennsylvania. Member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 300, Huntington, Pennsylvania.[1] Avery Brundage (28 September 1887 – 8 May 1975), Fifth president of the International Olympic Committee. Member of North Shore Lodge No. 937, Chicago. Scottish Rite and Shriner.[1] Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (12 January 1721 – 3 July 1792), German-Prussian field marshal (1758–1766) known for his participation in the Seven Years' War. Initiated in 1740 in the Lodge of the Three Globes in Berlin and received the degree of Master Mason in 1743 at Breslau.[1] George W. Brush (4 October 1842 – 18 November 1927), captain of a black company in the 34th Infantry Regiment U.S. Colored Troops in the Union Army during the American Civil War and received the Medal of Honor.[1] Henry Brush (June 1778 – 19 January 1855), U.S. Representative from and member of the Supreme Court of Ohio.[1] William Jennings Bryan, American politician, United States Congressman, U. S. Secretary of State and presidential candidate. Lincoln Lodge No. 19, Lincoln, Nebraska.[1] Joseph R. Bryson (18 January 1893 – 10 March 1953), U.S. Representative from South Carolina.[1] Francis Scott, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch (11 January 1695 – 22 April 1751), KT FRS Scottish nobleman Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) in 1723.[1] Charles Montagu-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch (24 May 1772 – 20 April 1819), KT Scottish nobleman and 43rd Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1800–1801.[1] 10th Earl of Buchan (See Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan) 11th Earl of Buchan (See David Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan) 12th Earl of Buchan (See Henry Erskine, 12th Earl of Buchan) James Buchanan, U.S. President,[91] Lodge No. 43, Lancaster, Pennsylvania John P. Buchanan (4 October 1847 – 14 May 1930), 25th Governor of Texas. Member of Charles Fuller Lodge No. 412, Rutherford County, Tennessee which was later Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 18, of Murfreesboro.[1] George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (10 January 1628 – 16 April 1687), KG PC FRS was an English peer and statesman.[1] Frank Buckles, Last living American veteran of World War I.[150] Alexander Buckner (8 March 1785 – 6 June 1833), United States Senator from Missouri. First Grand Master of Indiana.[1] Simon Bolivar Buckner (1 April 1823 – 8 January 1914), 30th Governor of Kentucky. Listed as a Freemason in the Grand Lodge of Kentucky proceedings of 1891.[1] Frederick G. Budlong (10 July 1881 – 25 September 1953), Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut from 1934 to 1950.[1] Buffalo Bill (See William F. Cody) Howard Buffett (13 August 1903 – 30 April 1964), US Representative from Nebraska. Raised in Covert Lodge No. 11, Omaha.[1] Harold R. Bull (6 January 1893 – 1 November 1976), United States Army Lieutenant general.[1] Archibald Bulloch (1 January 1730 – 22 February 1777), Third Governor of Georgia. Member of Solomons Lodge No. 1, Savannah.[1] William Bellinger Bulloch (1777 – 6 May 1852), US Senator from Georgia.[1] Charles Buls, Mayor of Brussels[42] Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, Politician and writer[151] Alfred L. Bulwinkle (21 April 1883 – 31 August 1950), US Representative from North Carolina.[1] Edward Buncombe (1742 – 1778), Plantation owner from the Province of North Carolina who served as a colonel in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He is the namesake of Buncombe County in western North Carolina. Member of Unanimity Lodge No. 7 at Edenton, North Carolina. His degree dates were 16 May, 26 May, and 3 June 1776.[1] Charles E. Bunnell (12 January 1878 – 1 November 1956), United States federal judge for the United States Fourth Judicial Division and the University of Alaska's first president, from 1921 to 1949.[1] John Bunyan (1628 – 31 August 1688), English writer and preacher best remembered as the author of the religious allegory The Pilgrim's Progress. Denslow wrote "Although it is not known whether he was a Freemason or not, his little-known work Solomon's Temple Spiritualized contains so much Masonic phraseology and dogma that it would be hard to believe that he did not have some knowledge of the Craft."[1] Luther Burbank, US horticulturist, botanist, agricultural science pioneer. Santa Rosa Lodge No. 57,[51] Henry Burbeck (10 June 1754 – 2 October 1848), Served in the United States Army for more than forty years most notably during the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 and achieved the rank of brigadier general.[1] Thomas G. Burch (3 July 1869 – 20 March 1951), US Representative from Virginia.[1] Thomas Wilfred Burden Member of the Roswell Lee Lodge (December 22nd, 1913) Clark Burdick (13 January 1868 – 27 August 1948), US Representative from Rhode Island.[1] Usher L. Burdick (21 February 1879 – 19 August 1960), US Representative from North Dakota. Member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 51, Williston, North Dakota.[1] Gottfried August Bürger (31 December 1747 – 8 June 1794), German poet. Initiated in 1775.[1] William O. Burgin (28 July 1877 – 11 April 1946), US Representative from North Carolina.[1] Andrew H. Burke (15 May 1850 – 17 November 1918), Second Governor of North Dakota. 33° Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction).[1] Arleigh Burke, US Admiral[59] Supreme Temple Architect (Honored in 1997)[152] Edmund Burke, Irish politician and philosopher[32] Edward R. Burke (28 November 1880 – 4 November 1968), United States Senator from Nebraska. Member of Omaha Lodge No. 288, Omaha, Nebraska.[1] Elmer Burkett (1 December 1867 – 23 May 1935), United States Senator and Representative from Nebraska.[1] Edwin C. Burleigh (27 November 1843 – 16 June 1916), 42nd Governor of Maine. Member of Augusta Lodge No. 141, Augusta, Maine.[1] Albert S. Burleson (7 June 1863 – 24 November 1937), 45th United States Postmaster General and US Representative from Texas.[1] Edward Burleson (15 December 1798 – 26 December 1851), Third Vice President of the Republic of Texas. Member of Clinton Lodge No. 54, Bolivar, Tennessee.[1] Anson Burlingame (14 November 1820 – 23 February 1870), American lawyer, legislator, and diplomat. Member of Amicable Lodge, Cambridge, Massachusetts.[1] Robert Burnaby, English explorer and businessman. First Past Master of Victoria Lodge No. 1085, District Grand Master (English) of British Columbia.[153] David G. Burnet, Statesman, first President of the Republic of Texas (interim), Holland Lodge No.1[154] Jacob Burnet (22 February 1770 – 10 May 1853), Early leading citizen and Senator from Ohio. Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Ohio in 1810–1812.[1] William Burnet (13 December 1730 – 7 October 1791), American political leader and physician from New Jersey who served in the Continental Army and the Continental Congress. When the grand lodge of New Jersey chartered Nova Caesarea Lodge No. 10 at Cincinnati on 8 September 1791 he was named as first master.[1] George H. Burnett (9 May 1853 – 10 September 1927), 21st Chief Justice on the Oregon Supreme Court.[1] James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1714 – 26 May 1799), Scottish judge, scholar of linguistic evolution, philosopher and deist. The Bulletin of the International Masonic Congress (1917) stated that he was a Freemason.[1] Frederick Russell Burnham, The American-born Victorian adventurer known as the father of Scouting. Chief Commissioner, Excelsior Lodge No. 195.[155] George Burnham (28 December 1868, 28 June 1939), US Representative from San Diego, California.[1] Henry E. Burnham (8 November 1844 – 8 February 1917) was a United States Senator from New Hampshire. Member of Washington Lodge No. 61, Manchester, was grand master of the Grand Lodge of New Hampshire in 1885, and was a 33° of the Scottish Rite.[1] Bob Burns (2 August 1890 – 2 February 1956), American musical comedian. Invented the Bazooka musical instrument from which the anit-tank weapon derived its name.[1] Conrad Burns, US Senator from Montana[10] Gilbert Burns (1760 – 1827), Scottish farmer and younger brother of Robert Burns whose writings have contributed greatly to the bank of knowledge that exists regarding the life of his famous brother. Raised in St. James Lodge, No. 178 Tarbolton on the first of March 1786.[1] Robert Burns, National poet of Scotland. St. David's Lodge No. 174, Tarbolton.[156] George Burrington (1682 – 22 February 1759), Governor of the Province of North Carolina, from January 1724 to April 1725, and again from February 1731 to 1734. Member of the lodge at the "King's Arms on New Bond Street" in London and his name also appears on the list of members of "Bear and Harrow in Butcher Roe," London in 1730.[1] Julius C. Burrows (9 January 1837 – 16 November 1915), U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from Michigan. Past master of Anchor Lodge of Strict Observance No. 87 at Kalamazoo and member of Kalamazoo Chapter, Royal Arch No. 13 and Peninsular Commandery No. 8, Knights Templar.[1] Harold Hitz Burton, US Associate Justice (1945–1958)[73] Hutchins Gordon Burton (1744 or 1782 – 21 April 1836), 22nd Governor of North Carolina. Member of Phalanx Lodge No. 31, Charlotte.[1] John Hill Burton (22 August 1809 – 10 August 1881), FRSE Scottish advocate and historian. Historiographer Royal (1867–1881). Made a Freemason in Glenkindil Lodge No. 333, Scotland on 17 August 1827.[1] Richard Francis Burton, English explorer[32] Robert Burton (20 October 1747 – 31 May 1825), American Revolutionary War officer. Member of Hiram Lodge No. 24 of Williamsborough, North Carolina.[1] Theodore E. Burton (20 December 1851 – 28 October 1929), US Representative and Senator from Ohio. Member of Iris Lodge No. 229, Webb Chapter, R.A.M., Orion Commandery, K.T. and Al Koran Shrine Temple, all of Cleveland.[1] William Burton (16 October 1789 – 5 August 1866), 39th Governor of Delaware. Member of Temple Lodge No. 9 and Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Delaware from 1851–52.[1] Harlan J. Bushfield (6 August 1882 – 27 September 1948), 16th US Senator and 16th Governor of South Dakota. Member of St. Lawrence Lodge No. 39 at Miller, South Dakota.[1] Asa S. Bushnell (16 September 1834 – 15 January 1904), 40th Governor of Ohio. Served as company commander in 152nd Ohio volunteer infantry in American Civil War. Made "Mason at sight."[1] George E. Bushnell (1887 – 1965), Member of the Michigan Supreme Court from 1934 to 1955. Raised in Taylor Lodge No. 23 at Salem, Virginia in 1909 and served as master of Sojourners Lodge No. 483 of Detroit in 1925. He received his 33° in 1924. Bushnell was a member of the Masonic Service Association European Committee sent abroad in 1945 to investigate the state of the Craft in Europe following the war.[1] Anastasio Bustamante (27 July 1780 – 6 February 1853), Three time President of Mexico.[1] Benjamin Butler (5 November 1818 – 11 January 1893), 33rd Governor of Massachusetts. Major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.[1] Charles C. Butler 1865 – 1946), Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Colorado. Initiated in Union Lodge No. 7, Denver on 27 April 1935.[1] David Butler (15 December 1829 – 25 May 1891), First state Governor of Nebraska. Affiliated with Pawnee Lodge No. 23 at Pawnee City in 1879. His original lodge is not known.[1] Hugh A. Butler (28 February 1878 – 1 July 1954), United States Senator from Nebraska. Raised in Wellsville Lodge No. 194, Wellsville, Missouri and later became a member of St. John's Lodge No. 25 of Omaha.[1] John Butler (1728 – 1796), Loyalist who led an irregular militia unit known as Butler's Rangers on the northern frontier in the American Revolutionary War. He was probably raised in Union Lodge No. 1, Albany, New York and became the first secretary of the famous St. Patrick's Lodge No. 8 at Johnstown, New York which first met on 23 August 1766. In Canada, after the war, he became a charter member of St. John's Lodge of Friendship No. 2 and served as its master. He became the first grand senior warden of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper Canada. Barton Lodge No. 6 (then 10) had many of his former rangers as members, and Brant himself was at one time a member of this lodge.[1] Richard Butler (general) (1 April 1743 – 4 November 1791), officer in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War, who later died fighting Indians in Ohio. He was initiated in Lodge No. 2, Philadelphia on 14 April 1779, passed 20 April and raised 27 April. He later affiliated with Pennsylvania-Union Lodge —a lodge of the Pennsylvania line and on 9 January 1787 is recorded as having been admitted to Lodge No. 45 of Pittsburgh. Lodge records show that he visited St. George's Lodge of Schenectady, New York in June, 1779 and later American Union Lodge (military).[1] William M. Butler (29 January 1861 – 29 March 1937), United States Senator from Massachusetts. Received degrees in Star In The East Lodge of New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1886.[1] Billy Butlin, British philanthropist[32] Isaac Butt (6 September 1813 – 5 May 1879), QC MP Irish barrister, politician, Member of Parliament. Member of Lodge No. 2, Dublin.[1] George C. Butte (9 May 1877 – 18 January 1940) jurist, educator, and politician from Texas.[1] Daniel Butterfield, General of the Federal Army during the U.S. Civil War, Medal of Honor recipient and composer of the bugle call "Taps." Metropolitan Lodge No. 273, New York City.[1][3][157] Cyriel Buysse, Flemish nationalist writer[42] Clovis E. Byers (5 November 1899 – 13 December 1973), U.S. Army Lieutenant general (United States) who served in both the Korean War and World War II. One time commander of the 82nd Airborne. Received EA degree on 1 April 1923 in Laredo Lodge No. 547, Laredo, Texas and the FC on 2 November 1925. Master Mason degree in Star of the East Lodge No. 650 in Yokohama, Japan on 3 November 1947.[1] Harry C. "Curly" Byrd (12 February 1889 – 2 October 1970), President of the University of Maryland, College Park from 1936–1954. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 17, Washington, D.C. in 1914.[1] Harry F. Byrd, Governor of Virginia, United States Senator from Virginia. Hiram Lodge No. 21, Winchester, Virginia.[1] Richard E. Byrd, US Admiral. Initiated in Federal Lodge No. 1 and founded First Antarctic Lodge No. 777 in 1935[51] Frank M. Byrne (23 October 1858 – 24 December 1927), Eighth Governor of South Dakota.[1] James F. Byrnes, US Associate Justice (1941–1942)[73] Joseph W. Byrns Sr. (20 July 1869 – 4 June 1936), 46th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. Member of Phoenix Lodge No. 131 and Cumberland Chapter No. 1, R.A.M. of Nashville, Tennessee.[1] Joseph W. Byrns Jr. (15 August 1903 – 8 March 1973) One term Congressman from Tennessee. Member of Phoenix Lodge No. 131 of Nashville.[1] John Byrom (29 February 1692 – 26 September 1763), FRS English poet and the inventor of a revolutionary system of shorthand. Listed as a member of a lodge held at The Swan in Long Acre, England, 1750.[1] C Pierre Jean George Cabanis (5 June 1757 – 5 May 1808), French physiologist and philosopher. The bulletin of the 1917 International Masonic Congress in Geneva lists him as a Freemason.[1] William H. Cabell (16 December 1772 – 12 January 1853), 14th Governor of Virginia. Member of George Lodge No. 32, Warminster, Virginia.[1] John L. Cable (15 April 1884 – 15 September 1971), U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1] Charles Wakefield Cadman (24 December 1881 – 30 December 1946), American composer. Member of Albert Pike Lodge No. 484, Los Angeles.[1] S. Parkes Cadman (18 December 1864 – 12 July 1936), English-born American clergyman, newspaper writer, and pioneer Christian radio broadcaster of the 1920s and 1930s. Member of Independent Royal Arch Lodge No. 2, New York City and was Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of New York for 28 years.[1] John Cadwalader (10 January 1742 – 10 February 1786), Commander of Pennsylvania troops during the American Revolutionary War. Member of Lodge No. 8 in Philadelphia.[1] Thomas Cadwalader (1707 – 1707), Surgeon during the American Revolutionary War. Member of St. John's lodge of Philadelphia.[1] Alessandro Cagliostro, Sicilian charlatan and occultist[1][158] 1st Viscount Caldecote (See Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote William Musgrave Calder I (3 March 1869 – 3 March 1945), U.S. Senator from New York.[1] Harmon White Caldwell (29 January 1899 – 15 April 1977), President of the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens from 1935 until 1948 and Chancellor of the University System of Georgia from 1948 to 1964. Member of John W. Akin No. 537, Taylorsville, Georgia.[1] Joseph Caldwell (21 April 1773 – 27 January 1835), First president of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Member of Eagle Lodge No. 19 of Hillsborough, North Carolina.[1] Millard Fillmore Caldwell (6 February 1897 – 23 October 1984), U.S. Representative from and 29th Governor of Florida. Member and past master of Santa Rosa Lodge No. 16, Milton, Florida, but was raised in a lodge in Macon, Mississippi.[1] Richard Keith Call (24 October 1792 – 14 September 1862), Third and Fifth territorial governor of Florida. He joined Cumberland Lodge No. 8 at Nashville, Tennessee in 1821 and later of Centerville Lodge No. 18, Leon County, Florida of which he was master in 1851. In 1853 he affiliated with Concordia Lodge No. 28, Gadsden County, Florida. Assisted in the formation of the Grand Lodge of Florida in 1830 and was Grand Master in 1851.[1] Plutarco Elías Calles (25 September 1877 – 19 October 1945), 40th President of Mexico. Member of Helios Lodge in Guaymas Mexico.[1] Charles Alexandre de Calonne (20 January 1734 – 30 October 1802), French Statesman. His lodge is not known, but he is recorded as a visitor to the Loge des Maitres at Amiens, France.[1] Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore (29 September 1699 – 24 April 1751), British nobleman and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. Made a Mason about April, 1730 at Goodwood, West Sussex, England.[1] Roberto Calvi (13 April 1920 – 17 June 1982), Italian banker and member of Propaganda Due, who was notable for his involvement with, and apparent suicide during, the Banco Ambrosiano scandal. Ralph Henry Cameron (21 October 1863 – 12 February 1953), U.S. Senator from Arizona. Member of Flagstaff Lodge No. 7, Flagstaff, Arizona.[1] Simon Cameron (8 March 1799 – 26 June 1889), U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and 26th United States Secretary of War. Initiated in Perseverance Lodge No. 21 at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania on 12 July 1826 and served as master in 1833.[1] Albert Sidney Camp (26 July 1892 – 24 July 1954), U.S. Representative from Georgia.[1] Alexander William Campbell (4 June 1828 – 13 June 1893), Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. Raised in Jackson, Tennessee in June 1858 (lodge name and number not listed in Denslow).[1] Archibald Campbell, 4th Baron Blythswood (25 April 1870 – 14 November 1929), British Peer. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1926-1929.[1] Doak S. Campbell (16 November 1888 – 23 March 1973), President of Florida State College for Women, as it made the transition from an all-female school under that name to the coeducational Florida State University, between 1941 and 1957. Raised in Buck Range Lodge, Howard County, Arkansas, and later a member of Jackson Lodge No. 1, Tallahassee, Florida. Served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Florida.[1] Douglas Lloyd Campbell (27 May 1895 – 23 April 1995), 13th Premier of Manitoba. He was initiated in Assiniboine Lodge No. 7 at Portage la Prairie, Manitoba in 1917 and served as Master in 1922.[1] George Washington Campbell (9 February 1769 – 17 February 1848), U.S. Senator and Representative from Tennessee as well as United States Ambassador to Russia and 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury. He served as master of Greenville Lodge No. 43, Greenville, Tennessee and is also reported to have held offices in three other Tennessee lodges: Knoxville No. 2, Mount Libanus No. 59 and Tennessee No. 41, all of Knoxville.[1] Jacob Miller Campbell (20 November 1821 – 27 September 1888), U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania and officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Became a member of Cambria Lodge No. 278 at Johnstown, Pennsylvania on Oct. 26, 1858, but demitted 13 April 1875 to become a charter member of Johnstown Lodge No. 538, serving as first senior warden.[1] James Campbell (1 September 1812 – 27 January 1893), 16th United States Postmaster General. According to Denslow his blue lodge is not known, but he was a member of Harmony Chapter No. 52, Royal Arch Masons of Philadelphia.[1] James Ulysses Campbell (29 August 1866 – 16 July 1937), 25th Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court.[1] John Campbell, 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane, British politician, Member of Parliament (1820–1826, 1832–1834), Lord Chamberlain (1848–1852, 1853–1858), Grand Master of Scotland (1824–1826)[57] John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun (5 May 1705 – 27 April 1782), British Peer and General of the British Army during the French and Indian War. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England in 1736. First Past Grand Master of England to visit a grand lodge in America, when on 31 January 1757 the Festival of St. John the Evangelist was postponed by the Provincial Grand Lodge in Boston so that he might attend.[1] Sir Malcolm Campbell (11 March 1885 – 31 December 1948), MBE, British Army Officer and racing motorist.[1] Thomas D. Campbell (1882 – 1966, Industrialized corporate farming pioneer. Served as colonel with U.S. Air Corps from 1942 and made brigadier general in 1946. Raised in Acacia Lodge No. 4, Grand Forks, North Dakota, on 29 November 1907.[1] Lord William Campbell (11 July 1730 – 4 September 1778), Younger son of John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll. Colonial Governor of both Nova Scotia (1766-1773) and South Carolina (1775)[1] Sir William Campbell (2 August 1758 – 18 January 1834), Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Upper Canada and a resident of Toronto. He was the founder of St. Andrew's Lodge No. 16 in Toronto.[1] William Bowen Campbell (1 February 1807 – 19 August 1867), U.S. Representative from and 14th Governor of Tennessee. Member of Lebanon Lodge No. 98, Lebanon, Tennessee.[1] Joachim Heinrich Campe (29 June 1746 – 22 October 1818), German writer, linguist, educator and publisher. According to Denslow "he was a learned and zealous Freemason as shown by his correspondence with Gotthold Lessing."[1] Manuel Camus, Philippine Senator. 12 October 1898, Zetland in the East Lodge No 508 Singapore, under the jurisdiction of the M. W. Grand Lodge of England.[159] Edward Richard Sprigg Canby (9 November 1817 – 11 April 1873), Career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War. According to Denslow he "was a member of a lodge in the East. His body was escorted under auspices of the Craft to the Masonic Temple at Yreka and afterwards conveyed East where he was buried with Masonic honors."[1] Allen Daniel Candler (4 November 1834 – 26 October 1910), U.S. Representative from and 58th Governor of Georgia. Member of Gainesville Lodge No. 219, Gainesville, Georgia.[1] Gordon Canfield (15 April 1898 – 20 June 1972), U.S. Representative from New Jersey[1] Ralph Canine (9 November 1895 – 8 March 1969), US Army Officer and first director of the United States' National Security Agency (NSA). Raised in East Chicago Lodge No. 595, East Chicago, Indiana in 1917.[1] George Canning (11 April 1770 – 8 August 1827), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 April 1827 until his death. Member of Royal Somerset House and Inverness No. 4.[1] Clarence Cannon (11 April 1879 – 12 May 1964), U.S. Representative from Missouri for over 40 years.[1] Joseph Gurney Cannon (7 May 1836 – 12 November 1926), 35th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. Olive Branch Lodge No. 38 of Danville, Illinois.[1] Newton Cannon (22 May 1781 – 16 September 1841), U.S. Representative from and 8th Governor of Tennessee. Member of Cumberland Lodge No. 8, Nashville.[1] Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino, Prime Minister of Romania.[26] James Cantey (30 December 1818 – 30 June 1874), Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. Member of Kershaw Lodge No. 29, Camden, South Carolina.[1] Eddie Cantor (c. 21 September 1892 – 10 October 1964), American "illustrated song" performer, comedian, dancer, singer, actor, and songwriter. Member of Munn Lodge No. 190, New York City.[1] Homer Earl Capehart (6 June 1897 – 3 September 1979), U.S. Senator from Indiana.[1] Luigi Capello (14 April 1859 – 25 June 1941), Italian Army Officer during the First World War. According to Denslow "Mussolini called on him to choose between Freemasonry and Facism. He chose Freemasonry."[1] William Theodotus Capers (1867 – 1867), Bishop of the Diocese of West Texas in the Episcopal Church in the United States from 1914 until his death.[1] Arthur Capper (14 July 1865 – 19 December 1951), U.S. Senator from and 20th Governor of Kansas. Member of Orient Lodge No. 51 of Topeka, Kansas.[1] John Henry Capstick (2 September 1856 – 17 March 1918), U.S. Representative from New Jersey.[1] Emmanuel Carasso, Ottoman lawyer and politician, Grand Master of the Italian-rite Macedonia Risorta in Salonica.[160] Thaddeus Horatius Caraway (17 October 1871 – 6 November 1931), U.S. Representative and Senator from Arkansas.[1] Ben Cardin (born 5 October 1943), US Senator from Maryland [161] Giosuè Carducci (27 July 1835 – 16 February 1907), Italian poet and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Bulletin of the International Masonic Congress of 1917 lists him as a Freemason.[1] Henry Charles Carey (15 December 1793 – 13 October 1879), leading 19th-century economist of the American School of capitalism. He was raised in Lodge No. 3, Philadelphia on 21 January 1817.[1] 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke See Alexander Mountbatten James Henry Carleton (27 December 1814 – 7 January 1873), Union general during the American Civil War. Raised in Montezuma Lodge No. 109 in New Mexico, chartered by the Grand Lodge of Missouri.[1] Will Carleton (21 October 1845 – 18 December 1912), American poet.[1] Agostino Carlini (c. 1718 – 15 August 1790), Italian sculptor and painter, who was born in Genoa but settled in England. He was also one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768. Member of the Lodge of Nine Muses No. 325 in London.[1] Evans Carlson (26 February 1896 – 27 May 1947), United States Marine Corps Brigadier general who served in both word wars.[1] Frank Carlson (23 January 1893 – 30 May 1987), U.S. Representative, Senator, and 38th Governor of Kansas. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 113, Concordia, Kansas.[1] George Alfred Carlson (23 October 1876 – 6 December 1926), 20th Governor of Colorado.[1] Doyle Elam Carlton (6 July 1885 – 25 October 1972), 25th Governor of Florida. Member of Hillsborough Lodge No. 25, Tampa.[1] Carol II, King of Romania (1930–40).[26] José Miguel Carrera, Chilean general and president.[162] St. John's Lodge No. 1, New York[163] Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, British politician, Member of Parliament (1865–1868), 1st Grand Master of New South Wales (1888–1891)[6] Frank Carrington (13 September 1893 – 3 July 1975), co-founder in 1938 of the Paper Mill Playhouse in Millburn, New Jersey. Member of Hope Lodge No. 124, East Orange, New Jersey.[1] Charles Carroll of Carrollton (19 September 1737 – 14 November 1832), last surviving signer of the United States Declaration of Independence.[1] Daniel Carroll (22 July 1730 – 5 July 1796), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, and U.S. Representative from Maryland in the 1st United States Congress. Member of Maryland Lodge No. 16, Baltimore.[1] Thomas King Carroll (29 April 1793 – 3 October 1873), 21st Governor of Maryland. Member of both Washington Lodge No. 3 and Concordia Lodge No. 13, both of Baltimore.[1] Arthur J. Carruth Jr. (26 July 1887 – 29 September 1962), Leading newspaperman and civic leader in Kansas for more than five decades.[1] Henderson Haverfield Carson (25 October 1893 – 5 October 1971), U.S. Representative from Ohio. Raised 21 February 1928 in Lathrop Lodge No. 676, Canton, Ohio.[1] Kit Carson, American Adventurer. Montezuma Lodge No. 109, Sante Fe, New Mexico[91] William Leighton Carss (15 February 1865 – 31 May 1931), U.S. Representative from Minnesota.[1] Jesse F. Carter (12 September 1873 – 5 November 1943), member of the South Carolina Supreme Court.[1] Jesse W. Carter (19 December 1888 – 15 March 1959), member of the Supreme Court of California. Raised in Western Star Lodge No. 2, Shasta, California in 1914, serving as master in 1922 and senior grand steward of the Grand Lodge of California in 1922.[1] Julius Victor Carus (25 July 1823 – 10 March 1903), German zoologist, comparative anatomist and entomologist. The bulletin of the International Masonic Congress lists him as a Freemason.[1] Elbert Nostrand "Bert" Carvel (9 February 1910 – 6 February 2005), 61st and 64th Governor of Delaware. Raised in Hope Lodge No. 4, Laurel, Delaware.[1] Glover H. Cary (1 May 1885 – 5 December 1936), U.S. Representative from Kentucky.[1] Thomas Casady (1881 – 1881), Episcopal Bishop in Oklahoma.[1] Pedro "Peter" Casanave (c. 1766 – c. 1766), as Master of Georgetown Lodge No. 9 of Maryland (now Potomac No. 5 of D.C.) he laid the corner stone of the White House.[1] Giacomo Casanova, Venetian adventurer, "lodge of the Duke of Clermont", Paris, 1750.[164] Paul Foster Case, founder of the Los Angeles occult school, the Builders of the Adytum, Fairport Lodge No. 476, Fairport, New York.[165] Lewis Cass, US politician and diplomat. American Union Lodge No.1, Marietta, Ohio. First Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Michigan[166][167] Henry Cavendish, British scientist, best known for being the first to measure the density of the Earth, using the Cavendish experiment.[168] Marc Chagall, Russian artist. initiated in 1912[169] Thomas Chalmers, Lodge St. Vigean, 1800[169] Joshua Chamberlain, Commander of US forces on Little Round Top during the American Civil War battle of Gettysburg, and governor of Maine. United Lodge #8, Brunswick, Maine[170] Nicolas Chamfort, French writer, Loge des Neuf Soeurs, Paris[171] Charles XIII of Sweden, King of Sweden and Norway.[172] Sir James Charles Chatterton (1794–1874), veteran of the Peninsular War and the Battle of Quatre Bras and the Battle of Waterloo[173] Claire Lee Chennault, U.S. Air Corp Major-General; Commander of the "Flying Tigers" in WWII. League City Lodge No. 1053, League City, TX[174] Victor Child Villiers, 7th Earl of Jersey, British banker, politician and colonial administrator, Grand Master of New South Wales (1891–1893)[6] Esmé Chinnery (1886-1915), English soldier, cricketer, and pioneering military aviator. Initiated in the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[175]:37[176] Walter Chrysler, founder of Chrysler Corporation.[10] Lord Randolph Churchill, Winston Churchill's father, initiated 9 January 1871 in Churchill Lodge.[32][177][178] Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; 24 May 1901, Studholme Alliance Lodge No. 1591.[177][178] André Citroën, French engineer and motor-car manufacturer, Lodge La Philosophie, Paris[169] Mark W. Clark, US Army General, Mystic Tie Lodge No. 398, Indianapolis[169] Roy Clark, Country Music Entertainer, Jenk's Lodge #497 - Jenks, Oklahoma[179] Tom C. Clark, US Associate Justice (1949–1967)[73] William Clark, explorer, Lewis and Clark expedition. Saint Louis Lodge No. 111.[180] John H. Clarke, US Associate Justice (1916–1922)[73] H. G. Michael Clarke (1898–1978), British educator and clergyman, Royal Somerset House & Inverness Lodge No 4, Royal Alpha Lodge No 16, Provincial Grand Master (Warwickshire), and Third Grand Principal (Royal Arch).[181][182] Henry Clay, Speaker of the. U.S. House of Representatives and Grand Master of Kentucky.[10] Moses Cleaveland, founded the city of Cleveland, Ohio, Worshipful Master of Moriah Lodge in 1791[169] Patrick Cleburne, Confederate General in the civil war. Lafayette lodge #16, Helena, Arkansas[183] Samuel Langhorne Clemens, also known as Mark Twain. American author. Polar Star Lodge No. 79, A.F.& A.M., St. Louis, Missouri. (Suspended for non-payment of dues and later reinstated 24 April 1867. Demitted October 1867, but recorded as having visited Carson City Lodge U.D. in February and March 1868.)[184] DeWitt Clinton, Governor of New York State, Grand Master of NY during the Morgan Affair, The Holland Lodge No. 8, New York, 1790.[56] E. E. Clive, British stage and screen actor; Euclid Lodge, Massachusetts[citation needed] Jim Clyburn, US Representative from South Carolina[185] Harold Coates, Australian politician, Grand Master of New South Wales (1980–1985)[6] Tyrus "Ty" Cobb, baseball star. Royston Lodge No. 426, Detroit[58][169] Howard Coble (1931–), member of the U.S. House of Representatives and Guilford Lodge number 656 AF&AM Greensboro, North Carolina.[186] Mickey Cochrane, Baseball Hall of Famer[1][187][188][189][190] Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults, British Unionist politician.[191] William F. Cody, a.k.a. Buffalo Bill, Raised in Platte Valley Lodge No. 15, Nebraska[1][192] George M. Cohan, Broadway star, raised in Pacific Lodge No. 233, New York City[11][192] Harry Cohn, Pacific Lodge No. 233, New York[121] Ernest E. Cole, Commissioner of Education of the State of New York (1940–1942)[193] Nat King Cole, pianist and ballad singer.[10][11] Thomas Cole, English-born American artist, founder of Hudson River School. Amity Lodge No. 5, Zanesville, Ohio.[1] Michael B. Coleman, American politician, Mayor of Columbus, Ohio.[106] Neil Collings (1946-2010), English Anglican clergyman, and Dean of St Edmundsbury Cathedral. Earl of Mornington Lodge, London (UGLE), Grand Chaplain of UGLE, Third Grand Principal of Supreme Grand Chapter (Royal Arch) of England.[194][195] Samuel Colt, manufacturer of Colt revolvers[192] Émile Combes, French Prime Minister[196][197][198] Spencer Compton, 7th Marquess of Northampton, Pro Grand Master, United Grand Lodge of England, 2001–2009[199][200] Charlie Conacher, Canadian ice hockey player. Initiated in North Gate Lodge No. 591, Pickering, Ontario, in 1935.[5] Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher, Lodges de Neuf Soeurs[192] Chester Cooper Conklin (1886–1971), American comedian and actor. Raised: 18 September 1916, University Lodge #394, California.[201][202] Jess Conrad, entertainer, member of Chelsea Lodge No. 3098[203] John Cook, Union general in the American Civil War[204] Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia[205][206] Initiated into Lodge Independent No 8 UGLNSW 12 February 1892[76][207] Gordon Cooper, U.S. astronaut, member of Carbondale Lodge No. 82, Colorado[192] Harry Corbett, puppeteer, magician, and pianist; creator of Sooty; Chevin Lodge, Yorkshire.[208][209] Edward Henry Corbould, English artist b. London 1815 d.London 1905 Count Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi (1894–1972), Austro-Japanese political activist, founder of Paneuropean Union. Initiated: Humanitas Lodge, Vienna, 1922.[210] Left Humanitas in 1926.[211] Edith Cowan, first woman elected to Australian Parliament, Member of St Cuthberts Lodge Perth Australia (Le Droit Humain).[212] James Craik, Physician General of the United States Army[15] Todd E. Creason, American fiction and non-fiction writer. Ogden Lodge No. 754, Illinois[213] Francesco Crispi, Prime Minister of Italy[214] (possibly expelled in 1894?)[215] Miron Cristea, Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (1925–39), Prime Minister of Romania (1938–39).[26] Davy Crockett, 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician[192] Aleister Crowley, English occultist, Anglo-Saxon Lodge No. 343, Paris (GLdF), 1904[216] Abraham Curry, founding father of Carson City, Nevada. Masonic Lodge No. 1, Carson City.[217] Admiral of the Fleet Sir Lucius Curtis, Provincial Grand Master for the Province of Hampshire from 1840 until his death in 1869.[218] William Cushing, US Associate Justice (1789–1810),[73] St. Andrews Lodge, Boston Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Romanian Domnitor of the Danubian Principalities, 1859–66.[26] D Mark Dalby, British clergyman, Deputy Grand Chaplain of UGLE[219][220] James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie, British politician and colonial administrator, Governor-General of India (1848–1856), Grand Master of Scotland (1836–1838)[57] David Dalrymple, Lord Hailes, Scottish judge and historian, Grand Master of Scotland (1774–1776)[57] Sir Charles Dalrymple, 1st Baronet, British politician, Member of Parliament (1868–1906), Grand Master of Scotland (1893–1897)[57] Eugene Goblet d'Alviella, Vice-chancellor of the Université Libre de Bruxelles and Belgian senator.[42] Erasmus Darwin, English physician, philosopher, poet, grandfather of Charles Darwin. Member of Canongate Kilwinning Lodge No. 2, Edinburgh, Scotland.[1] Jim Davidson, British comedian, Chelsea Lodge No 3098, London; Founding Master of British Forces Foundation (Lodge) No. 9725.[32][221] William Richardson Davie, American politician and Grand Master of North Carolina from 1792–1798.[222] Freddie Davies, British comedian and actor, Chelsea Lodge No 3098, London.[223][224] Carol Davila, Romanian Physician.[26] William Crosby Dawson, U.S. Judge and Politician, San Marino Lodge No. 34, F.&A.M, Greensboro, Georgia. Grand Master of Masons in Georgia from 1843 until his death in Greensboro on 6 May 1856.[225] Charles De Coster, Belgian author[42] Roger De Courcey, British ventriloquist, Chelsea Lodge No 3098, London.[203] Antonio De Curtis, also known as Totò – Italian Actor - WM of Lodge Fulgor Artis, Rome, Italy[226] Isabelle Gatti de Gamond, Pioneering Belgian secular educationalist and Socialist activist[42] Johann de Kalb, Major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Pennsylvania Lodge No. 29[227] Polydore de Keyser, Founding Member and first Junior Warden, MacDonald Lodge, No. 1216[228] Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, Composer of La Marseillaise[229] Sebastião de Melo, Marquis of Pombal, 18th-century Portuguese statesman[230][231] William Ralph "Dixie" Dean, Everton and England footballer 1925–1937; initiated in Randle Holme Lodge, No. 3261, Birkenhead, Cheshire on 18 February 1931.[232] Ovide Decroly, Belgian educationalist. initiated in Lodge Les Amis Philanthropes No. 2, Brussels in 1902[192] Cecil B. DeMille, Movie Director, member of Prince of Orange Lodge No. 16, New York City[192] Süleyman Demirel, 9th President of the Republic of Turkey. Bilgi Lodge No.015, Ankara. Grand Lodge of Turkey.[58][233] Jack Dempsey, Heavyweight boxing champion in 1919, Kenwood Lodge No. 800, Chicago[192][234] Laurence Dermott, Painter, Wine Merchant and Author. Grand Secretary, Ancients Grand Lodge, 1752–1771.[235] John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-born British naturalist and scientist. Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England for the year 1719.[236] Frédéric Desmons, Protestant priest who persuaded the Grand Orient de France to remove the term of the Great Architect of the Universe from their Constitution[237][238] Willis Van Devanter, U.S. Associate Justice (1911–1937)[73] Thomas E. Dewey, 47th Governor of New York (1902–1971)[239] Blaise Diagne, Senegalese political leader[240] Denver S. Dickerson, Governor of Nevada[1] Denis Diderot (1712–1784), French philosopher, writer and art critique.[1] John Diefenbaker, Prime Minister of Canada, Wakaw Lodge No. 166, Wakaw, SK[241] Everett Dirksen, U.S. Congressman and Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate.[10] Petar Dobrović, Serbian painter and politician[27] Henry Dodge, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin.[10] Bob Dole, U.S. politician[59] Russell Lodge No. 177, Kansas[91][242] Robert Dollar, Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist[15] Ed Doolan, US Radio Presenter[243] James Doolittle, US General. Hollenbeck Masonic Lodge #319 Los Angeles, CA[59] Ray Dorset, British singer-songwriter, member of Mungo Jerry, Chelsea Lodge No. 3098[244] George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton, Scottish politician, Lord High Commissioner (1819–1824), Grand Master of Scotland (1790–1792)[57] Jim Douglas, Governor of Vermont[245] Stephen A. Douglas, U.S. Senator, Lincoln-Douglas Debates; Springfield Lodge No. 4, Grand Orator of Illinois Grand Lodge.[246] Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician, Weyburn Lodge No. 20, Weyburn, SK[91] William O. Douglas, U.S. Associate Justice (1939–1975)[73] Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish politician, Member of Parliament (1802–1806), Grand Master of Scotland (1820–1822)[57] Arthur Conan Doyle, British physician and author, creator of Sherlock Holmes.[10] Edwin Drake, U.S. oil industry pioneer, Oil Creek Lodge No. 3, Titusville, Pennsylvania[192] Richard Dreyfuss, U.S. actor, made a Mason at Sight by the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia.[247] George Drummond, Scottish politician, Lord Provost of Edinburgh, Grand Master of Scotland (1752–1753)[57] Gilbert du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette, French military officer who served as a general in the American Revolutionary War and a leader of the Garde Nationale during the French Revolution.[248] Jovan Dučić (1871–1943), Serbian poet, writer and diplomat.[27][249] Robert Duff, British politician, Member of Parliament (1861–1893), Grand Master of New South Wales (1893–1895)[6] Henry Dunant, Founder of the Red Cross and shared the first Nobel Prize[250] John Duncan, Member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee.[251] Thomas Dunckerley, Ritualist and author, Lodge No 31, Portsmouth[252] Lawrence Dundas, 1st Earl of Zetland,[36] Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland, Grand Master of Grand Lodge of England, 1844-70. Initiated in Prince of Wales' Lodge No. 259 in 1830.[1] Colonel Sir Weary Dunlop (12 July 1907 – 2 July 1993), Australian World War II Prisoner of War, Surgeon[253] John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor[15] Alexander Roberts Dunn, First Canadian awarded the Victoria Cross.[61] Herbert Dunnico, UK Politician and Master of the New Welcome Lodge[254] Joseph Duveen, 1st Baron Duveen, UK art dealer, Royal Colonial Institute Lodge No. 3556[250] George Howard Earle III (5 December 1890 – 30 December 1974), 38th Governor of Pennsylvania and diplomat.[1][2][3] Hubert L. Eaton, American chemist, originator of "Memorial park" cemeteries in the USA. Euclid Lodge, No. 58, Great Falls, Montana[4] John David Eaton, President of the Canadian-based T. Eaton Company. Assiniboine, No. 114, G.R.M., Winnipeg.[5] Darío Echandía, Colombian politician and Ambassador to the Holy See [6] Duke of Edinburgh, see Prince Philip (below) Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, (Prince Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick), member of the British Royal Family, Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England, member of various lodges including Grand Master's Lodge No 1 and Royal Alpha Lodge No 16 (both English Constitution).[7] Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany (25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767), Younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom. Initiated in the Lodge of Friendship (later known as Royal York Lodge of Friendship) Berlin, Germany on 27 July 1765.[1] Edward VII, King of Great Britain[8] Edward VIII, King of Great Britain[8] Gustave Eiffel, Designer and architect of the Eiffel Tower.[9] Duke Ellington, Musician, Social Lodge No. 1, Washington, D.C., Prince Hall Affiliation[4] William Ellison-Macartney, British politician, Member of Parliament (1885–1903), Grand Master of Western Australia[10] Oliver Ellsworth, Chief Justice of the United States (1796–1800)[11] John Elway, Hall of Fame Quarterback for Denver Broncos (1983–1998), South Denver- Lodge No. 93, Denver, Colorado[12] John Entwistle, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member of The Who[13][14] David Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan (12 June 1742 – 19 April 1829) Scottish peer and 34th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1782-1783.[1][15] Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan (17 April 1710 – 1 December 1767) FRS Scottish peer and 10th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1745-1746.[1] Henry Erskine, 12th Earl of Buchan (1783 – 13 September 1857) Scottish peer and 59th Grand Master Mason of Scotland, 1832-1833.[1] Thomas Erskine, 6th Earl of Kellie, Scottish musician, Grand Master of Scotland (1763–1765)[15] Sam Ervin, US Senator.[16] Ben Espy, American politician, served in the Ohio Senate.[17] Bob Etheridge, Member of Congress (D – NC), Bakersville Lodge No. 357, North Carolina[18][18][19] Richard Eve, Grand Treasurer of the United Grand Lodge of England in 1889.[20] Colonel George Everest, English surveyor, Surveyor General of India, after whom Mt. Everest is named. Member of Prince of Wales's Lodge No 493 (later became No 259), London.[21] F Eberhard Faber, Founder of the Faber Pencil Company. Chancellor Walworth No. 271, New York.[4] Sir Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, initiated in to Caledonia Lodge No. 737 Queensland[22] Douglas Fairbanks (1883–1939), American movie star and film director, Initiated: 1925, Beverly Hills Lodge No. 528, California,[23] Raised: 11 August 1925, Beverly Hills Lodge No. 528.[1][4] Bob Feller(1918-2010), American Athlete, Grove Lodge #824, Downers Grove, Illinois[24][25] Rigas Feraios, National hero of Greece[26] Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master[27] Enrico Fermi, Nobel Prize winning physicist, FRS. Adriano Lemmi Lodge, Rome, 1923[28] Ettore Ferrari, Italian sculptor. Grand Master of the Grande Oriente d'Italia.[1] Jules Ferry, French politician. Member of the Alsace-Lorraine Lodge of Paris.[1] Ignaz Aurelius Fessler, Hungarian ecclesiastic and writer. Member of Lodge Pythagoras of the Blazing Star in Berlin.[29] Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher. Member of Lodge Pythagoras of the Blazing Star in Berlin.[29] Stephen Johnson Field, US Associate Justice (1863–1897)[11] W. C. Fields, American comedian, E. Coppee Mitchell Lodge No. 605, Philadelphia[4][30] Charles Grandison Finney, American preacher, evangelist and author (1792–1875). Meridian Sun Lodge No. 32 in Warren, New York. Finney asked for dismissal and was discharged.[31] Hamilton Fish IV, US Politician[32] Geoffrey Fisher, The 99th Archbishop of Canterbury and head of the worldwide Anglican Communion.[8][33] Abram Fitkin, American businessman and philanthropist (1878–1933), Altair Lodge No. 601, Brooklyn[34] Lord Frederick FitzClarence, Illegitimate son of William IV, Grand Master of Scotland (1841–1843)[15] Alexander Fleming, Scottish biologist and pharmacologist. London Scottish Rifles Lodge No. 2310.[35] Edwin Flavell, Brigadier under Field Marshal Montgomery. DSO. MC. Provincial Grand Master of Berkshire 1967-85.[36] Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer and inventor. St. Andrew's No. 16, Toronto, Ontario.[5] Dr. Walter Fleming, Co-founder of the Shriners.[37] Cyril Fletcher, English comedian[8] William J. Florence, Co-founder of the Shriners.[38] Arnoldo Foà, Italian Actor, Lodge Alto Adige, Rome, Italy[39] Martin Folkes, President of the Royal Society (1741–1753), Deputy Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England (1724–1725).[40][41] Sir William Forbes, 6th Baronet, Scottish Banker, Grand Master of Scotland (1776–1778)[15] Isaac de Forcade de Biaix, Royal Prussian Colonel and Hofmarschall to the Prince of Prussia, Knight of the Order of Pour le Mérite, Prussia's highest order of merit for heroism. Gerald Ford, President of the United States[42] Glenn Ford, American actor[43][44][44] Henry Ford, Founder of the Ford Motor Company, Palestine Lodge No 357, Detroit[45] Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA general in the US Civil War. Angerona Lodge No. 168, Memphis, Tennessee - Received only the First Degree and never advanced further.[1] Benjamin Franklin, American inventor and statesman. St. John's Lodge, Philadelphia, February 1731[46] Eric Fraser, British engineer & civil servant, Director-General of Aircraft Production during World War Two, Royal Somerset House & Inverness Lodge No 4 (UGLE)[47] Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (16 August 1763 – 5 January 1827) Second eldest child and second son of King George III of the United Kingdom.[1] Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. Member and founder of the lodge Zu den drei Weltkugeln (Of the Three Globes).[48] Bridge Frodsham (1733?-1768), English provincial actor, Master of Punch Bowl 259 at York 1761-62 (Premier Grand Lodge of England)[49] Boyd C. Fugate (1884-1967), Tennessee State Representative[50] Will Fyffe, Scottish singer and actor.[51] Lodge St John, Shotts No 471 G Clark Gable, Actor, Beverly Hills Lodge No. 528, California[43][44][52] David Galliford, Bishop of Bolton in the Church of England; Exemplar Lodge No 5075, Manchester, and Marquess of Zetland Lodge No 9349, York; Grand Chaplain of UGLE.[53] Léon Gambetta, French politician.[48] Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet and playwright. Alhambra Lodge, as 'Homero'.[54][55] James A. Garfield, U.S. President. Magnolia Lodge No. 20, Columbus Lodge No. 30, and Garrettsville Lodge No. 246, Ohio[33][56] Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general; fused the Rites of Memphis and Misraim in 1881.[57] David Garrick, English actor[8] Richard Jordan Gatling (12 September 1818 – 26 February 1903), American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, the first successful machine gun. An active member of his Masonic Lodge, he was member of Center Lodge No. 23, Indianapolis.[58][59] Licio Gelli, Italian politician. Worshipful master of Propaganda Due – Expelled in 1981 (some say 1976) by the Grand Orient of Italy.[60] George IV, King of Great Britain, UGLE[8] George VI, King of Great Britain, Naval Lodge No. 2612 UGLE. Member of Lodge Glamis No.99 (Scottish Constitution)[61][1][8] 91st Grand Master Mason of the Grand Lodge of Scotland, 1936-37. Frank Geyer, City of Philadelphia police detective most notable for his cross-country, international investigation of H. H. Holmes, one of America's first serial killers. He entered Apprentice September 14, 1880, then Fellow Craft October 12, 1880 and became Master Mason November 16, 1880 (1880-1918). All degrees were in the Frankford Lodge No 292, Philadelphia. He was a member of Corinthian Chasseur Commandery No. 53 and Corinthian Royal Arch Chapter No. 250.[62][63][64][65] Ion Ghica, Twice Prime Minister of Romania, four-time President of the Romanian Academy.[66] Edward Gibbon, English historian and politician[8] George Gibbs, 1st Baron Wraxall, British Conservative politician.[67] Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael, British colonianl administrator, Member of Parliament (1895–1900), Grand Master of Scotland (1907–1909),[15] Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Victoria (1909-1912)[68] W. S. Gilbert, One half of 'Gilbert and Sullivan'.[69] Member of Lodge St Machar No. 54, Aberdeen.[61] King Camp Gillette, American businessman[70] Frank Gillmore, Actor and President of Actor's Equity[1] Nicholas Gilman, Delegate to the Continental Congress, signer of the U.S. Constitution, member of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. St. John's Lodge No. 1, Portsmouth, New Hampshire[1] James Glasgow, Who was the first North Carolina Secretary of State from 1777 to 1798.[71] He was an early officer of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina[72] but was ultimately expelled from Freemasonry due to the scandal known as the Glasgow Land Fraud.[73] John Glenn (18 July 1921 – 8 December 2016), Astronaut and US Senator[16] Concord Lodge No.688 Concord, Ohio[33] Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German philosopher and Poet. Lodge Amelie, Weimar.[74] Octavian Goga, Prime Minister of Romania (1937–38).[66] Alexandru G. Golescu, Prime Minister of Romania (1870).[66] E. Urner Goodman, Co-founder of the Boy Scouts' Order of the Arrow[75] Bazil Gordon, Scottish settler to America, America's first millionaire[51] Fredericksburg Lodge No.4 in Virginia (at that time, operating under a Charter from the Grand Lodge of Scotland ).[61] George Gordon, 9th Marquess of Huntly KT (28 June 1761 – 17 June 1853), styled Lord Strathavon until 1795 and known as The Earl of Aboyne from 1795 to 1836. Grand Master of Scotland from 1802-1803.[1] George Henry Gordon, Union general in the American Civil War Bunker Hill Lodge, Massachusetts[76] George Gordon, 5th Duke of Gordon, Scottish politician, Member of Parliament (1806–1807), Keeper of the Great Seal (1820–1830), Grand Master of Scotland (1792–1794)[15] John Brown Gordon, Confederate general and lawyer[77] Sir John Gorton (1911–2002), 19th Prime Minister of Australia. Initiated into Freemasonry at Kerrange Lodge No 100 UGLV on 5 February 1948.[78][79][80][81][82][83] Robert Freke Gould, soldier, barrister and historian of Freemasonry.[84] Founding Worshipful Master of the Lodge of King Solomon’s Temple No. 3464. Philipp Gotthard of Schaffgotsch, Prince-Bishop of Breslau[85] Chuck Grassley, Member of the United States Senate from Iowa.[86] Eileen Gray, international bicycle racer and founder of the Women's Cycle Racing Association[87] Al Green, American singer, songwriter, record producer, and pastor; a member of Prince Hall Freemasonry.[88][89] Ron Greenwood, England national football team manager 1977–1982; initiated in Lodge of Proven Fellowship, London in 1956[90] Henri Grégoire, Roman Catholic priest, Constitutional bishop of Blois and French revolutionary leader.[91] Jules Grévy, President of the French Third Republic (1879–1887).[48] D. W. Griffith, Film director, St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York[52] Virgil I. Grissom, American astronaut. Mitchell Lodge No. 228, Mitchell, Indiana.[92] Milan Grol (1876–1952), Serbian literary critic, politician and the last president of the Yugoslav Democratic Party, which was banned by the communist regime of Josip Broz Tito in 1946.[93] Francis Grose (before 11 June 1731 – 1791), English antiquarian[1] William A. Guerry (1861-1928), VIII Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina, Made a Mason at Sight, later affiliated with Landmark Lodge No. 76, Charleston, South Carolina. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738-1914), French surgeon and politician, eponym of the guillotine. "La Parfaite Union" lodge in Angouleme, the Grand Orient of France, "La Concorde Fraternelle" lodge, and "La Vérité" lodge.[94] H John Winthrop Hackett, Australian proprietor, newspaper editor and politician, Grand Master of Western Australia[95] Bobby Hackett, American jazz musician (trumpet, cornet and guitar). Member of St. Cecile Lodge #568, New York (which is a lodge specifically for artists and musicians).[96][97] Alfred Cort Haddon, British anthropologist[98] Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, British Field Marshal, Commander British Expeditionary Forces. Elgin Lodge No. 91, Leven, Scotland.[99] Manly Palmer Hall, Esoteric author. Raised 22 November 1954 into Jewel Lodge No. 374, San Francisco[1] Prince Hall, Founder of Prince Hall Freemasonry. (Thomas) Frederick Halsey (1839-1927), British politician, soldier, and landowner. Deputy Grand Master of UGLE. Initiated in the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[100][101][102][103] Mark Hambourg, dual national Russian-British concert pianist. Savage Club Lodge No 2190, London (UGLE).[104] James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn KG PC (21 January 1811 – 31 October 1885), styled Viscount Hamilton from 1814 to 1818 and the Marquess of Abercorn from 1818 to 1868, was a British Conservative Party politician and statesman who twice served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Grand Master of Ireland 1874-1885.[1] James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn KG, CB, PC (Ire) (24 August 1838 – 3 January 1913), styled Viscount Hamilton until 1868 and Marquess of Hamilton from 1868 to 1885, was a British nobleman and diplomat. Grand Master of Ireland in 1886.[1] James Hamilton, 7th Earl of Abercorn FRS PC (22 March 1686 – 11 January 1744), was a Scottish and Irish nobleman. Grand Master of England in 1725.[1] Lionel Hampton, American jazz musician, member of Prince Hall in New York.[105] John Hanco*ck, American revolutionary, merchant and statesman.[106] Winfield Scott Hanco*ck, U.S. General. Charity Lodge #190, Norristown, Pennsylvania[1][107] Warren G. Harding, U.S. President. Marion Lodge No. 70, Ohio[33] Oliver Hardy, Actor, Solomon Lodge No. 20, Florida[30][52] John M. Harlan, US Associate Supreme Court Justice.[11] John Harmer (1857-1944), English and Australian Anglican Bishop.[108] Colonel John Harrelson, First Chancellor of NCSU, Raised 28 August 1909 into William G. Hill Lodge No. 218, Raleigh, North Carolina. Member of NCSU Chapter of Square and Compass.[109][110][111] Augustus Harris, British actor, impresario and dramatist.[51] Savage Club Lodge No 2190, London (UGLE).[112] John Harris (1791-1873), English artist and facsimilist, considered the "Father of the Masonic tracing board", initiated under UGLE in 1818.[113][114] Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator, raised 8 November 1943 in Pacific Lodge No. 50, Salem, Oregon[1][115] Ichirō Hatoyama, Three-time Prime Minister of Japan. Initiated on 29 March 1951,[116] Tokyo Lodge No. 125 PC[117] (lodge No. 2[116]). Raised 26 March 1955.[118][119] George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale, British Field Marshal, Acting Grand Master of Scotland (1818–1820)[15] Thomas Hay-Drummond, 11th Earl of Kinnoull, Scottish nobleman and Officer of Arms, Grand Master of Scotland (1826–1827)[15] Karl Brooks Heisey, Canadian Mining Engineer, A.F. & A. M. Kirkland Lake[120] Claude Adrien Helvétius, French enlightenment philosopher.[121] Herbert Hensley Henson (1863-1947), Bishop of Durham (Church of England), a prominent English clergyman, early human rights activist, and pioneering ecumenist. UGLE Freemason,[122]:114 and founder of Cantilupe Lodge No 4083, Hereford.[123] Henry Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon,[124] Percy Herbert (1885-1968), Bishop of Norwich (Church of England), prominent English clergyman, and Provincial Grand Master for Norfolk.[125] Benjamín Herrera (1853-1924), Colombian liberal politician and general.[6] Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist, poet and painter.[126] Henry Heth, Confederate General in the American Civil War. Rocky Mountain Lodge #205 Utah.[127] Joseph Hewes, signatory to the American Declaration of Independence.[128] Nugent Hicks, or Frederick Cyril Nugent Hicks (1872–1942), English Anglican Bishop, served as Bishop of Gibraltar and later as Bishop of Lincoln. St James Royal Arch Chapter No 2 (London). Great Prelate of English Knights Templar from 1941.[129] Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, Japanese imperial prince, Prime Minister of Japan. Initiated: 1950[130] Joseph Highmore, Painter Edward Hindle, British entomologist[98] James Hoban, Architect of the White House, first Master of Federal Lodge No. 1, District of Columbia[131] Christopher L. Hodapp, Author, Broad Ripple Lodge no. 643 F&A.M., Indianapolis, Indiana.[132] William Hogarth, Painter[8] Thomas M. Holt, Industrialist, Governor of North Carolina[1] Keith Holyoake, Prime minister of New Zealand, Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master[27] J. Edgar Hoover, First Director of the FBI.[16] Grand Cross. Federal Lodge No. 1, Washington, D.C.[133] Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie, British soldier, Grand Master of New South Wales (1935–1944)[134] Frank Reed 1918; Royal Arch/York Rite, 1919; Scottish Rite. Founder of Alpha Phi Omega.[135] Tim , Canadian ice hockey player. Initiated in Kroy Lodge No. 676, Toronto, Ontario, in 1962.[5][25] Harry Houdini, escape artist.[136] Sam Houston, Governor of Tennessee, President of the Republic of Texas, Governor of the State of Texas, US Senator. Initiated at Cumberland Lodge No. 8, Nashville, Tenn.[137] Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel (7 July 1585 – 4 October 1646), Prominent English courtier during the reigns of King James I and King Charles I. Tradition places him as grand master of English Freemasons from 1633 to 1635 and the claim is in accordance with the accounts of Anderson and Preston.[1] Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham,[124] Clarence Chesterfield Howerton (9 February 1913 – 18 November 1975), also known as Major Mite, American circus performer.0.72 m (2 ft 4 1⁄2 in) tall. Performed with the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus and other groups from the early 1920s through the late 1940s. Featured in several films, including a role as a Munchkin in the 1939 version of The Wizard of Oz.[138] William Howley, the 90th Archbishop of Canterbury, and head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. Royal York Lodge, Bristol, England.[139][140][141] James Hozier, 2nd Baron Newlands, British politician, Member of Parliament (1886–1906), Grand Master of Scotland (1900–1904)[15] Richard Morris Hunt, American architect, designed the base of the Statue of Liberty.[citation needed] Edward John Hutchins (1809–1876), A Liberal MP in the UK Parliament M[142] Timothy Hutton, Actor, Herder Lodge No. 698, Borough of Queens, New York[143] Camille Huysmans, Mayor of Antwerp and Prime Minister of Belgium.[144] I Edward Augustus Inglefield (1820–1894), English admiral and Arctic explorer[145] Sir Henry Irving (1838–1905), English actor, and first actor to receive a knighthood; initiated in 1882 in Jerusalem Lodge No 197, London,[146] and a founder of Savage Club Lodge No 2190.[147] James Irwin (1930–1991), American pilot and astronaut, first motor vehicle passenger on the moon; a member of Tejon Lodge No. 104, Colorado.[148][149] J Nat Jackley, English comic actor.[150] Daniel C. Jackling (14 August 1869 – 13 March 1956), American mining and metallurgical engineer who pioneered the exploitation of low-grade porphyry copper ores at the Bingham Canyon Mine, Utah. Master of Rocky Mountain Lodge No. 11, Tooele, Utah in 1899.[1] Andrew Jackson, U.S. President. Harmony Lodge No. 1 (Tennessee)[33][151] Conrad Feger Jackson, (11 September 1813 – 13 December 1862), brigadier general of the Union Army during the American Civil War. Killed in action during the Battle of Fredericksburg. Member of Lodge No. 45, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.[1] Edward L. Jackson, (27 December 1873 – 18 November 1954), 32nd Governor of Indiana. Member of Newcastle Lodge No. 91, New Castle, Indiana.[1] Elihu Emory Jackson, (3 November 1837 – 27 December 1907), 41st Governor of Maryland. Member of Wicomico Lodge No. 91, Salisbury, Maryland.[1] Frank D. Jackson, (26 January 1854 – 16 November 1938), 15th Governor of Iowa. Received his degrees in Alpha Lodge No. 326, Greene, Iowa on 6 December 1881, 23 March 1883, and 24 Paril 1883. He withdrew in 1901, and affiliated with Capitol Lodge No. 110 of Des Moines in 1904.[1] Henry M. Jackson, (31 May 1912 – 1 September 1983), U.S. Representative and Senator from Washington. Member of Everett Lodge No. 137, Everett, Washington and was a member of DeMolay.[1] James Jackson, (21 September 1757 – 19 March 1806), American Revolutionary War General, U.S. Representative, Senator from and 23rd Governor of the U.S. State of Georgia. Member of Solomons Lodge No. 1, Savannah, serving as Master in 1786. Served as Grand Master of Georgia in 1789. Visited the Grand Lodge of New York on 24 June 1789.[1] James S. Jackson, (27 September 1823 – 8 October 1862), U.S. Representative from Kentucky and a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Killed in action at the Battle of Perryville. Member of Hopkinsville Lodge No. 37, Hopkinsville, Kentucky.[1] Jesse Jackson, US Civil Rights leader and Politician, Harmony Lodge No. 88, Chicago, Illinois (PHA)[17][152] Jesse B. Jackson, (19 November 1871 – 4 December 1947), United States consul and an important eyewitness to the Armenian Genocide.[1] Robert H. Jackson, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice (1941–1954) Member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 145, Jamestown, New York. Received his degrees, 17 September, 1 October, and 22 October 1929.[1] Samuel D. Jackson, (28 May 1895 – 8 March 1951), United States Senator from Indiana. Raised in Summit City Lodge No. 170, Fort Wayne, Indiana on 3 January 1920.[1] William Henry Jackson, (4 April 1843 – 30 June 1942), American painter, Civil War veteran, geological survey photographer and an explorer famous for his images of the American West.[1] William Purnell Jackson, (11 January 1868 – 7 March 1939), U.S. Senator from Maryland. Member of Wicomico Lodge No. 91, of Salisbury, Maryland.[1] Bernhard M. Jacobsen, (26 March 1862 – 30 June 1936), U.S. Representative from Iowa. Member of Emulation Lodge No. 255, Clinton, Iowa, receiving degrees on 8 June, 14 July, and 29 July 1891.[1] Graciano López Jaena, Filipino writer and journalist in the Philippine Revolution. Worshipful Master at Logia Povernir No. 2.[153] Arthur James, (14 July 1883 – 27 April 1973), 31st Governor of Pennsylvania. Member of Plymouth Lodge No. 332, Plymouth, Pennsylvania.[1] Benjamin F. James, (1 August 1885 – 26 January 1961), U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania. Received degrees in University Lodge No. 610, Philadelphia in 1909 and affiliated with Wayne Lodge No. 581, Wayne, Pennsylvania, on 21 March 1911 and master of same in 1915.[1] Thomas Lemuel James, (29 March 1831 – 11 September 1916), 29th United States Postmaster General. Member of Hamilton Lodge No. 120, Hamilton, New York.[1] W. Frank James, (23 May 1873 – 17 November 1945), U.S. Representative from Michigan.[1] William P. James, (10 January 1870 – 28 July 1940), U.S. Federal Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California. Member of East Gate Lodge No. 290 of Los Angeles, affiliating with Sunset Lodge No. 352 of Los Angeles on 4 January 1904. Suspended in 1922 and restored same year.[1] William Marion Jardine, (16 January 1879 – 17 January 1955), 9th United States Secretary of Agriculture. Member Lafayette Lodge No. 16, Manhattan, Kansas.[1] Pete Jarman, (31 October 1892 – 17 February 1955), U.S. Representative from Alabama.[1] Abraham Jarvis, (5 May 1739 – 3 May 1813), American Episcopal bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut and eighth in succession of bishops in the Episcopal Church. He was a high churchman and a loyalist to the crown during the American Revolution.Raised in St. John's Lodge No. 2 of Middletown, Connecticut, 17 December 1783. Served as Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Connecticut.[1] John Jay, Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795)[1][11] Richard Manning Jefferies, (27 February 1889 – 20 April 1964), 101st Governor of South Carolina. Member of Unity Lodge No. 55, Waterboro, South Carolina.[1] Major-General (retired) Michael Jeffery, AC, CVO, MC Governor-General of Australia (2003–2008) and Former CO of SAS Regiment, Initiated in St George's Lodge No 6 on 23 November 1994.[154][155][156][157] Olin M. Jeffords, (8 June 1890 – 10 October 1964), Vermont attorney and judge who served as Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court. Member of Lincoln Lodge No. 78, Enosburg Falls, Vermont.[1] John Jeffries, (5 February 1745 – 16 September 1819), Balloonist and credited with being among America's first weather observers. He received his degrees in St. Andrew's Lodge, Boston and in 1770 was charter member, and first junior warden 3 December 1770) of Massachusetts Lodge, Boston. He became senior warden 2 December 1771; reelected 7 December 1772; elected master 6 December 1773 and reelected master 5 December 1774.[1] Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, (15 July 1783 – 14 April 1859), 1st Baronet, Parsi-Indian merchant and philanthropist.Notable for making a huge fortune on the opium trade to China[1] John Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, and Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand[27] Edward H. Jenison, (27 July 1907 – 24 June 1996), U.S. Representative from Illinois[1] Reuben Ellis Jenkins, (14 February 1896 – 29 July 1975), Lieutenant General in the United States Army who served in both World Wars and the Korean War. Member of Cartersville Lodge No. 63, Cartersville, Georgia.[1] George C. Jenks, (3 April 1850 – 13 September 1929), English-born American dime novelist. Member of Bethel Lodge No. 733, New York City.[1] Edward Jenner, British scientist; discovered vaccination. Elected FRS on 26 February 1789; initiated in Lodge of Faith and Friendship No. 449, Gloucestershire[8][21] William E. Jenner, (21 July 1908 – 9 March 1985), Senator from Indiana. Raised in White River Lodge No. 332, Shoals, Indiana[1] John Jennings, Jr., (6 June 1880 – 27 February 1956), U.S. Representative from Tennessee. Raised 4 May 1903 in Jacksboro Lodge No. 322, Jacksboro, Tennessee. Transferred to Jellico Lodge No. 527, Jellico, Tennessee. in 1907 and to Masters Lodge No. 244, Knoxville in 1944 where he was in good standing at time of death.[1] Jonathan Jennings, (27 March 1784 – 26 July 1834), first governor of Indiana.[1] W. Pat Jennings, (20 August 1919 – 2 August 1994), United States Representative from Virginia. Member of Marion Lodge No. 31, Marion, Virginia.[1] Ben F. Jensen, (16 December 1892 – 5 February 1970), Served thirteen consecutive terms as a U.S. Representative from Iowa. Raised in Exodus Lodge No. 342, Exira, Iowa in 1922 and last Master.[1] Douglas William Jerrold, (3 January 1803 – 8 June 1857), English dramatist and writer. Member of Bank of England Lodge No. 329.[1] Beauford H. Jester, (12 January 1893 – 11 July 1949), 36th Governor of Texas. Member of Corsicana Lodge No. 174, Corsicana, Texas.[1] Thomas Jesup, (16 December 1788 – 10 June 1860), United States Army officer.Member of N.C. Harmony Lodge No. 2, Cincinnati, Ohio.[1] Ewell Kirk Jett, (20 March 1893 – 28 April 1965), Chief Engineer and later a Commissioner of the United States Federal Communications Commission in the late 1930s and 1940s, serving briefly as the Commission's chairman.[1] Marshall Jewell, (20 October 1825 – 10 February 1883), 44th and 46th Governor of Connecticut, the U.S. Minister to Russia, and the 25th United States Postmaster General. Member of St. Johns Lodge No. 4 in Hartford, Connecticut.[1] Hugh J. Jewett, (1 July 1817 – 6 March 1898), American railroader and politician. U.S. Representative from Ohio. Member of Belmont Lodge No. 16, Clairsville, Ohio[1] Joseph Joffre, (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), French General. Received his degrees in Alsace Lorrain Lodge, Paris.[1] Charles A. Johns, (25 June 1857 – 11 January 1932), Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court. Member of Baker Lodge No. 47, Baker, Oregon.[1] Charley Eugene Johns, (27 February 1905 – 23 January 1990), 32nd Governor of Florida. Member of Bradford Lodge No. 35, Starke, Florida.[1] Kensey Johns, Sr., (14 June 1759 – 21 December 1848), Jurist from Delaware.[1] Andrew Johnson, U.S. President. Greenville Lodge No. 119, Tennessee[33] Charles Fletcher Johnson, (14 February 1859 – 15 February 1930), U.S. Senator from Maine. Received his degrees in Herwood Lodge No. 91, Machias, Maine on 1 January, 5 February, and 12 February 1883. Dimitted on 8 November 1886 and affiliated with Waterville Lodge No. 33, Waterville, Maine on 7 February 1887. Was master of the latter lodge in 1894–95 and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Maine in 1906-07.[1] David Johnson, (3 October 1782 – 7 January 1855), 62nd Governor of South Carolina. Member of Union Lodge No. 43, Union Court House, South Carolina, he was master of same, and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina in 1826.[1] Eben Samuel Johnson, (8 February 1866 – 9 February 1939), English-American Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Original lodge not known, but was admitted to Kane Lodge No. 377, Ida Grove, Iowa on 13 December 1907; dimitted 14 October 1910 and admitted to Landmark Lodge No. 103, Sioux City, Iowa on 12 December 1910.[1] Edward Johnson, (22 August 1878 – 20 April 1959), Canadian operatic tenor who was billed outside North America as Edoardo Di Giovanni. General manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York City from 1935 to 1950. Member of Adelphic Lodge No. 348, New York City, receiving degrees on 18 February, 4 March, and 1 April 1902.[1] Edwin C. Johnson, (1 January 1884 – 30 May 1970), 26th and 24th Governor of and U.S. Senator from Colorado. Member of Yampa Lodge No. 88, Craig, Colorado.[1] Edwin S. Johnson, (26 February 1857 – 19 July 1933), U.S. Senator from South Dakota.[1] George W. Johnson, (27 May 1811 – 8 April 1862), First Confederate governor of Kentucky. Member of Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 14.[1] Guy Johnson, (c.1740 – 5 March 1788), Irish-born military officer and diplomat for the Crown during the American War of Independence. Member of the Hiram's Cliftonian Lodge No. 417 in London.[1] Henry Johnson, (14 September 1783 – 4 September 1864), U.S. Senator from, and 5th Governor of Louisiana. His original lodge is not known, but he was made an honorary member of Polar Star Lodge No. 1, New Orleans.[1] Hiram Johnson, (2 September 1866 – 6 August 1945), 23rd Governor of and U.S. Senator from California. Theodore Roosevelt's running mate on the "Bull Moose" ticket in 1912. Member of Washington Lodge No. 20, Sacramento.[1] John Neely Johnson, (2 August 1825 – 31 August 1872), 4th Governor of California. Member of Tehama Lodge No. 3, Sacramento.[1] "Turkey Creek" Jack Johnson, peace officer and posseman in Wyatt Earp's infamous "vendetta ride" Mt. Moriah Lodge #2, F.& A.M., Salt Lake City, Utah[158] Jack Johnson, African American boxer, initiated in Dundee, Scotland[51] James Johnson, (12 February 1811 – 20 November 1891), 43rd Governor of and U.S. Representative from Georgia. Member of Columbian Lodge No. 8, Columbus, Georgia.[1] Sir John Johnson, 2nd Baronet, (5 November 1741 – 4 January 1830), Loyalist leader during the American Revolution. Grand master of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Quebec in 1789.[1] Joseph B. Johnson, (29 August 1893 – 25 October 1986), 70th Governor of Vermont. Member and Master of St. Johns Lodge No. 41, Springfield, Vermont.[1] Keen Johnson, (12 January 1896 – 7 February 1970), 45th Governor of Kentucky. Member of Richmond Lodge No. 25, Richmond, Kentucky.[1] J. Leroy Johnson, (8 April 1888 – 26 March 1961), U.S. Representative from California.[1] Lyndon B. Johnson, U.S. President. Johnson City Lodge No. 561, Texas (EA degree only)[159] Melvin Johnson, Jr., (1 August 1909 – 9 January 1965), American designer of firearms, lawyer, and US Marine Corps officer. Mason, 32° AASR, National Sojourner, member of Heroes of '76 and DeMolay Legion of Honor.[1] Nels Johnson, (30 April 1896 – 2 December 1958), Justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court from1 April 1954 to 2 December 1958. Member of Bismarck Lodge No. 5, and Mouse River Lodge No. 43, and a past grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Dakota.[1] Paul B. Johnson Sr., (23 March 1880 – 26 December 1943), U. S. Representative from and 46th Governor of Mississippi. Member of Hattiesburg Lodge No. 297, Hattiesburg, Mississippi.[1] Richard M. Johnson, (17 October 1780 – 19 November 1850), Ninth Vice President of the United States. Member and past master of Mount Vernon Lodge No. 14, Georgetown, Kentucky.[1] Robert Ward Johnson, (22 July 1814 – 26 July 1879), Confederate States Senator, U.S. Representative, and U.S. Senator from Arkansas. Grand Orator of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas in 1862.[1] Royal C. Johnson, (3 October 1882 – 2 August 1939), U.S. Representative from South Dakota. Member of Ree Valley Lodge No. 70, Highmore, South Dakota.[1] Samuel Johnson, (18 September 1709 – 13 December 1784), Often referred to as Dr. Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature. Member of Old Dundee Lodge No. 18, London.[1] Samuel Johnson, actor-manager and a member of the Company of Henry Irving.[160] Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, (c.1715 – 11 July 1774), Anglo-Irish official of the British Empire. He was raised in Union Lodge No. 1 (now Mt. Vernon No. 3) of Albany, New York.[1] William E. Johnson, (25 March 1862 – 2 February 1945), American Prohibition advocate and law enforcement officer.[1] Albert Sidney Johnston, (2 February 1803 – 6 April 1862), Served as a general in three different armies: the Republic of Texas Army, the United States Army, and the Confederate States Army.[1] Alvanley Johnston, (12 May 1875 – 17 September 1951), Canadian / American locomotive engineer who was Grand Chief Engineer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers from 1925 to 1950.[1] Henry S. Johnston, (30 December 1867 – 7 January 1965), Seventh Governor of Oklahoma. Member of Perry Lodge No. 78, Perry, Oklahoma, receiving degrees on 23 June, 4 October and 6 December 1901 and served as Master in 1916. Grand Orator of the Grand Lodge of Oklahoma from 1918–21 and Grand Master of Oklahoma in 1924.[1] Olin D. Johnston, (18 November 1896 – 18 April 1965), U.S. Senator from and 98th Governor of South Carolina. Member of Center Lodge No. 37 at Honea Path, South Carolina.[1] Samuel Johnston, (15 December 1733 – 17 August 1816), Represented North Carolina in both the Continental Congress and the United States Senate, and was the sixth governor of the state. The First and Third Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina from 1787–1788 and 1789–1792.[1] Wayne A. Johnston, (1897 – 20 May 1905), President of Illinois Central Railroad (IC) from 1945 to 1966. President of the University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Member of Western Star Lodge No. 240 of Champaign, Illinois.[1] Al Jolson, Actor and singer, St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York[1][52] Edgar A. Jonas, (14 October 1885 – 14 November 1965), U.S. Representative from Illinois. Raised in Equity Lodge No. 878, Chicago, 11 April 1910, becoming charter member of Sincerity Lodge No. 982 Chicago on 12 November 1915 and serving as master in 1944.[1] Andrieus A. Jones, (16 May 1862 – 20 December 1927), Senator from New Mexico. Member of Chapman Lodge No. 2, Las Vegas, New Mexico, receiving degrees on 21 September 1892, and 19 January 1893 and 16 February 1893. Junior warden of that lodge in 1894 and Junior Grand Steward of the Grand Lodge of New Mexico in 1894.[1] Anson Jones, Congressman, doctor, last President of the Republic of Texas, Harmony Lodge #52 Philadelphia.[161] First Grand Master of Texas.[1] Buck Jones, (12 December 1891 – 30 November 1942), American motion picture star of the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s, known for his work starring in many popular western movies. Member of Henry S. Orme Lodge No. 458, Los Angeles.[1] Charles W. Jones, (24 December 1834 – 11 October 1897), Senator from Florida. Memberof Santa Rosa Lodge No. 16 of Milton, Florida.[1] Daniel Webster Jones, (15 December 1839 – 25 December 1918), 19th Governor of Arkansas. Member of Mount Horeb Lodge No. 4, Washington, Arkansas.[1] Edward Franc Jones, (3 June 1828 – 14 August 1913), Brevet Brigadier general of the Union Army during the American Civil War.[1] George Jones, (25 February 1766 – 13 November 1838), Senator from Georgia. Participated in the American Revolutionary War and War of 1812. Member of Solomon's Lodge No. 1, Savannah, Georgia.[1] George Wallace Jones, (12 April 1804 – 22 July 1896), Senator from Iowa. Member of Dubuque Lodge No. 3, Dubuque, Iowa.[1] Girault M. Jones, (30 June 1904 – 29 April 1998), Seventh Bishop of Louisiana in The Episcopal Church. Received the degrees in Lumberton Lodge No. 417, Lumberton, Mississippi and later a member of Louisiana Lodge No. 102, New Orleans. Was Grand Chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Louisiana in 1954.[1] Hamilton Chamberlain Jones, (26 September 1884 – 10 August 1957), U.S. Representative from North Carolina.[1] Inigo Jones, (15 July 1573 – 21 June 1652), England-born Welshman best known as the first significant architect in England in the early modern period. Described in Anderson's Constitutions of 1723 as "our great Master Mason Inigo Jones."[1] Jacob Jones, (1 March 1768 – 3 August 1850), Officer in the United States Navy during the Quasi-War with France, the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War, and the War of 1812. He was buried Masonically by the Grand Lodge of Delaware, the grand master officiating. There is no record of his membership in a Delaware lodge, but it is thought that he was a member of Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City in 1808. The returns of the lodge in that year record his payment of the initiation fee, but no further record is given.[1] James Kimbrough Jones, (29 September 1839 – 1 June 1908), U.S. Representative and Senator from Arkansas. Member of Arkadelphia Lodge No. 19, Arkadelphia, Arkansas.[1] Jesse H. Jones, (5 April 1874 – 1 June 1956), 9th United States Secretary of Commerce. He was made a Mason at sight, in an occasional lodge, called by Grand Master Ara M. Daniels of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia, 16 December 1941.[1] John Edward Jones, (5 December 1840 – 10 April 1896), *th Governor of Nevada. Member of Eureka Lodge No. 16, Eureka, Nevada and Grand Master of Nevada in 1893.[1] John Percival Jones, (27 January 1829 – 27 November 1912), Five term U.S. Senator from Nevada[1] John Paul Jones, Naval hero during the American Revolution, St. Bernards Lodge No. 122, Kirkudbright, Scotland[33] John Rice Jones, (11 February 1759 – 1 February 1824), Welsh-born, American politician, jurist, and military officer who helped establish the territorial governments in Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri. Member of St. Louis Lodge No. 111, and later of Missouri Lodge No. 12, both of St. Louis, Missouri.[1] Junius Wallace Jones, (1890 – 1977), Major general in the United States Air Force when it was first formed having served in the United States Army Air Service prior.[1] Louis Reeder Jones, (29 June 1895 – 2 February 1973), Highly decorated Major General in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.[1] John Marvin Jones, (26 February 1882 – 4 March 1976), U.S. Representative from Texas.[1] Nathaniel R. Jones (1926–), American lawyer, jurist, and academic, Judge on U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.[17] Noble Wimberly Jones, (c. 1723 – 9 January 1805), Delegate to the Continental Congress from Georgia in 1781 and 1782. He is said to have been the first Mason initiated in Georgia, being a member of the old Solomon's Lodge No. 1 of Savanna, Georgia.[1] Paul C. Jones, (12 March 1901 – 10 February 1981), U.S. Representative from Missouri. Member of Kennett Lodge No. 68, Kennett, Missouri.[1] Robert Elijah Jones, (1872 – 1872) American Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church and The Methodist Church in the United States.[1] Sam Houston Jones, (15 July 1897 – 8 February 1978), 46th Governor of Louisiana. Member of DeRidder Lodge No. 271, DeRidder, Louisiana receiving the degrees on 4, 5, and 8 October 1918.[1] Chester Bradley Jordan, (15 October 1839 – 24 August 1914), 48th Governor of New Hampshire. Member of Evening Star Lodge No. 37, Colebrook, New Hampshire.[1] Slobodan Jovanović (1869–1958), Serbian jurist, historian, sociologist and president of the Yugoslav government in exile, in London, during World War II.[26][162] Benito Juárez, President of Mexico. Rito Nacional Mexicano de la Logia Independiente, No. 02[citation needed] Henry M. Judah, (12 June 1821 – 14 February 1866), Career officer in the United States Army, serving during the Mexican–American War and American Civil War. Member of North Star Lodge No. 91, Fort Jones, California.[1] Lawrence M. Judd, (20 March 1887 – 4 October 1968), 41st Governor of American Samoa and 7th Territorial Governor of Hawaii. Member of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, Honolulu.[1] Walter Henry Judd, (25 September 1898 – 13 February 1994), U.S. Representative from Minnesota. Member of Composite Lodge No. 81, Rising City, Nebraska.[1] Niels Juul, (27 April 1859 – 4 December 1929), U.S. Representative from Illinois. Member of Ben Hur Lodge No. 818, Chicago.[1] K David Kalākaua (1836–1891), King of Hawaii, 1874–91. Lodge Le Progress de l'Oceanie No. 124[33] Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (1787–1864), Serbian linguist and major reformer of the Serbian language.[26][163] Janko Katić (died c. 1804–1806), Serbian voivode, of the organizers of the First Serbian Uprising.[26] Ferenc Kazinczy (1759 – 1831), Hungarian author, poet, translator, neologist[164] Edmund Kean, English actor[8] John C. Keegan (1952–), judge, politician, military officer from Arizona.[165] Alexander Keith, Canadian politician and brewmaster, former Grand Master of Nova Scotia[166] François Christophe de Kellermann (See Duke of Valmy) Emmett Kelly, (1898–1979), American circus performer, who created the memorable clown figure "Weary Willie." member of Sarasota Lodge No. 147, Scottish Rite Valley of Tampa and Egypt Shrine Temple, Tampa, FL.[167] Archibald Kennedy, 4th Marquess of Ailsa DL, JP, FSRGS (22 May 1872 – 27 February 1943), styled Earl of Cassilis until 1938, was a Scottish peer, barrister and soldier. Head of the Grand Chapter of Scotland for 30 years, being 1st Grand Principal from 1913 until his death in 1943. Initiated in Holy-rood House Lodge No. 44, Edinburgh, 17 November 1896[1] Charles Kennedy, 5th Marquess of Ailsa (10 April 1875 – 1 June 1956) was a Scottish peer. After the African War he lived for a time in the United States where he received the Masonic Degrees from Acacia Lodge No. 11, A.F. & A.M. of Cheyenne, Wyoming in 1905.[1] John D. Kennedy Confederate General of Civil War. Soldier, lawyer, political leader, and the 57th Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina. Member of Kershaw Lodge No. 29, Camden, S.C. and grand master of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina in 1881–83.[1] John J. Kennedy, U.S. and Confederate Army officer, ended Regulator-Moderator War. Marshall Lodge No. 22, Texas.[citation needed] John T. Kennedy Brigadier General, U.S. Army, served in WWI & WWII; recipient of the Medal of Honor. Commander of Fort Bragg, N.C., 1941–45. Member of Hanco*ck Lodge No. 311, Ft Leavenworth, Kansas and 32° in Army Consistory No. 1, at Ft. Leavenworth.[1] George Kennion (1845-1922), British and Australian Anglican Bishop.[108] Kent, Prince Michael of, see Prince Michael of Kent, Kent, Duke of, see Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, Prince Michael of Kent, (Prince Michael George Charles Franklin), member of the British royal family, Provincial Grand Master of Middlesex (United Grand Lodge of England), and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of England & Wales.[168][169] Jerome Kern, Composer, Gramatan Lodge No. 927, Bronxville, NY.[170] Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan, 1901–1919. Initiated in India, 1906.[171] Abdul Ghani Khalaf (1925-). Diver, head of freemasonry in the middle east. Don King (boxing promoter) (1931–), American boxing promoter.[17] George Frederick Kingston, Archbishop of Nova Scotia and Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, Ionic Lodge No 25 (Ontario)[1] Rudyard Kipling, UK author and poet, Hope and Perseverance Lodge No. 782. E.C., Lahore, India; founding member, The Builders of the Silent Cities Lodge No. 12, Saint-Omer, France.[172] Henry Kitchener, 3rd Earl Kitchener, British peer, physicist, and electoral reform campaigner; initiated 24 November 1947 in the Royal Somerset House & Inverness Lodge No 4 (London), Senior Grand Warden of UGLE.[173] Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, British peer, Field Marshal, and Secretary of State for War; initiated in La Concordia Lodge No 1226 (Cairo, Egypt),[174] and UGLE District Grand Master (Egypt-Sudan).[175] Roger Kitter, Actor – Member of Chelsea Lodge No. 3098[176] Adolph Knigge, German author[177] Henry Knox, Major General and Commander of the Continental Artillery during the American War for Independence. He is thought to have been a member of St. John's Regimental Lodge at Morristown. He has been credited with helping to constitute Washington Lodge at West Point. He is listed as a visitor to a number of other lodges.[1] Mihail Kogălniceanu, Prime Minister of Romania (1863–65), Liberal statesman, lawyer, historian and publicist.[66] Otto Kruger, Actor, St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York[52] L Lafayette See Gilbert du Motier Burt Lahr,[52] Pacific Lodge No. 33, New York[178] Joseph Lamar, US Associate Justice (1888–1893), Webb Lodge No. 166 F.& A.M., Augusta, Georgia[11] Mirabeau B. Lamar, President of the Republic of Texas, Harmony Lodge #6, Galveston, TX.[179] John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham,[124] Lambert Blackwell Larking (1797-1868), British antiquary, author, and clergyman. Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[180] Frank S. Land, Member of the Ivanhoe Lodge #446 on 29 June 1912 in Kansas City. He was the founder of the Order of DeMolay.[181] Cornelis Jacobus Langenhoven (1873–1932), Afrikaans writer and member of South African Parliament.[182][183] Harry Lauder, Scottish performer and entertainer[51] Tony Lauer, Australian Police officer, Grand Master of New South Wales (2002–2005)[134] José P. Laurel, President of the Japanese-Sponsored Republic of the Philippines during World War II, from 1943 to 1945. Batangas Lodge No. 383 under the Gran Oriente Espanol, (renamed Batangas Lodge No. 35 under the Grand Lodge of the Philippines).[184] Daniel Leavitt, Inventor, manufacturer. Member of Chicopee, Massachusetts Lodge[185] Scott Leavitt, United States Congressman from Montana. Member of Delta Lodge 128, Great Falls, Montana[1] Thomas Leavitt, Diplomat, politician, businessman, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. Member of Albion Lodge No. 52, Saint John, New Brunswick[186] Henry Lee III, Governor of Virginia, United States Congressman from Virginia, father of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Hiram Lodge No. 59, Westmoreland County, Virginia[1] Richard Henry Lee, President of the Continental Congress, United States Senator from Virginia. Hiram Lodge No. 59, Westmoreland County, Virginia.[1] William Lefroy (1836-1909), British clergyman, mountaineer, and author.[187] William Legge, 7th Earl of Dartmouth, British peer and conservative politician. Grand superintendent of the Royal Arch, Staffordshire.[1] James Wentworth Leigh (1838-1923), British clergyman, temperance campaigner, and social reformer.[188] John A. Lejeune, major general, U.S. Marine Corps.[189] Sir Charles Lemon (1784–1857), Baronet, British Member of Parliament (1809–1857), was Provincial Grand Master for the Province Cornwall (UGLE) (1844–1863)[190] Leopold I, King of Belgium[144] Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (7 April 1853 – 28 March 1884) Youngest son of Queen Victoria. Initiated in Apollo University Lodge No. 357, Oxford, England 1 May 1874 and in May, 1875 became a member of Lodge of Antiquity. No. 2. Served as master of Apollo Lodge in 1876.[1] Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German writer and philosopher[191] William Hesketh Lever, 1st Viscount Leverhulme (1851–1925), British peer, Founder of Lever Brothers. In 1902 he was first initiate to a lodge bearing his name, William Hesketh Lever Lodge No. 2916, he later formed Leverhulme Lodge 4438.[192] He was a founder of the Phoenix Lodge 3236 whilst an M.P in 1907[193] and a founder of St. Hilary Lodge No. 3591 founded 4 May 1912, then Past Pro-Grand Warden (P.P.G.W) and Immediate Past Master (I.P.M).[194] He was appointed Senior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of England in 1919 and co-founded a number of lodges including the Mersey Lodge 5434.[195] He was Provincial Senior Grand Warden of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Cheshire.[196] Emmanuel Lewis, former child actor and star of Webster. W.C. Thomas Lodge No. 112 PHA in Atlanta, Georgia. He is also a Past Commander-In-Chief of Atlanta Consistory No. 24A PHA.[197] Meriwether Lewis, Explorer, Lewis and Clark expedition. Door to Virtue Lodge No. 44, Albemarle County, Virginia.[198] Richard Lewis (1821-1905), British Anglican Bishop, initiated in Apollo University Lodge No 357 (Oxford) in 1843, and Grand Chaplain of the UGLE.[108] Frank Licht, Politician. Governor of Rhode Island (1969–1973)[199] Benjamin Lincoln, Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Member, Rising Sun Lodge, Massachusetts.[1] Charles Lindbergh, US Aviator and chairman of the America First Committee, Keystone Lodge No. 243, St. Louis, Mo.[1][200][201] Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres, Scottish soldier, Grand Master of Scotland (1780–1782)[1][15] Orland Lindsay, Archbishop of the West Indies 1986–1998[202][203] Thomas Lipton, Founder of Lipton[51] Pascal Lissouba, President of the Republic of the Congo, 1992–1997.[91] Franz Liszt, Composer,[204] Initiated: 18 September 1841, Lodge zur Einigkeit in Frankurt, passed and raised: February 1842, Lodge zur Eintracht in Berlin,[1][9][205] in 1870 Master of the lodge zur Einigkeit in Budapest. Made an honorary member of the lodge Modestia cum Libertate in 1845.[206] Robert Wentworth Little, founder of Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia (S.R.I.A.), Initiated: 20 May 1861, the Royal Union Lodge, Founded: Rose of Denmark Lodge No. 975, Villiers Lodge No. 1194, and Burdett Lodge No. 1193.[207] Alberto Lleras Camargo, President of Colombia [6] Harold Lloyd, Silent film comedian and Imperial Potentate of the Shriners of North America, 1949–50.[208] Norman Lloyd-Edwards, British soldier and courtier, Lord Lieutenant of South Glamorgan (1990-2008), Provincial Grand Master of South Wales[209] Loa Sek Hie, an Indonesian colonial politician, community leader and member of the Volksraad[210] Jimmy Logan, Scottish performer and record producer[51] Lionel Logue (26 February 1880 – 12 April 1953), CVO Australian speech therapist, member of St. George's Lodge (now J.D. Stevenson St. George's Lodge No.6, Western Australian Constitution) 1880-1953[211][212] José Hilario López, Colombian President and general [6] Federico García Lorca, (5 June 1898 – 19 August 1936) Spanish poet, playwright and theatre director. His membership of the Alhambra Lodge was one of the "crimes" that led to his assassination by Franco's forces [213] Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough, Grand Master of the UGLE from 1951 to 1967. Initiated in the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[214] Juan Luna, Filipino painter and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the 19th century. Raised in Paris, France, under the auspices of Lodge Solidaridad 53.[215] The Hon. Charles Henry Lyell (1875-1918), British politician, soldier, and Member of Parliament. Initiated in the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[216]:38[217] M Apolinario Mabini, First prime minister, 1899. September 1892 at Logia Balagtas 149 under the Grand Oriente Espanol.[218] General Douglas MacArthur, US General during World War II,[16] Manila Lodge No. 1, 1936, Philippines[33] John A. Macdonald, First Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada (1867–1873 and 1878–1891). Began the creation of rail service across Canada. St. John's Lodge No. 758, Kingston, Ontario. Honorary Past Grand Senior Warden.[5] John Keiller MacKay, Canadian soldier and politician.[219] George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie, Jacobite politician, 2nd Grand Master of Scotland (1738–1739)[15] Henry Mackenzie (1745–1831), Scottish novelist[220] Albert Mackey, American doctor and Masonic historian[221] David Mackie (1836–1910), A founder and builder of Scammon, Kansas, US; the first President of the Scammon State Bank[222] John Bayne Maclean, Canadian founder of Maclean's Magazine and President of Maclean's Publishing Co. Ionic Lodge No. 25, Toronto, ON.[5] Robert Macoy, US publisher and organizer of Eastern Star[223] Duncan Macrae, Scottish actor[51] Enzo Maiorca, Italian free diver, Lodge Archimede, Siracusa, Italy.[224] Titu Maiorescu, Romanian literary critic and politician, Prime Minister of Romania (1913–14).[66] Alfred Marks, British actor and comedian[8] Francis Marshall, British physiologist John Marshall, Chief Justice of the United States (1801–1835), Grand Master of Virginia from 1793–1795[11] Thurgood Marshall, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice (1967–1991), Coal Creek Lodge No. 88, Tulsa, Oklahoma PHA[33] Georges Martin, French doctor, politician, co-founder of Le Droit Humain.[225] Joseph Martin (1740–1808), Virginia militia general, explorer and Indian agent[226] Thomas S. Martin, United States Senator from Virginia. Scottsville Lodge No. 4, Scottsville, Virginia[1] José de San Martín, Argentine hero from the Spanish Revolution[227] Harpo Marx, US film comedian[228] Jan Masaryk (1886-1948), Czech diplomat and politician[229] Nevil Story Maskelyne, British geologist. Apollo University Lodge No. 357[98] Francis Mason, American missionary and zoologist[230] Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers, Co-founder of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. Raised: 1878, Lodge of Hengest No. 195, Bournemouth, UK – Demitted (resigned): 1882.[231] Tito Mattei (1841-1914), Italian pianist, composer and conductor based in London[232] Fox Maule-Ramsay, 11th Earl of Dalhousie, British politician, Member of Parliament (1835–1837, 1838–1852), Secretary of State for War (1855–1858), Grand Master of Scotland (1867–1870)[15] James Mawdsley (1848–1902), English trade unionist[233] Louis B. Mayer, Director, St. Cecile Lodge No. 568, New York[52][234] Robert Blair Mayne, (1915 – 1955) Lieutenant Colonel "Paddy" Mayne DSO*** was a British Army soldier, solicitor, Irish rugby union international, amateur boxer, and a founding member of the Special Air Service (SAS). Initiated 25 September 1945, passed 28 May 1946, raised 24 September 1946 in Eklektikos Lodge No542(IC), Newtownards, Northern Ireland. Affiliated to Friendship Lodge No447(IC), also in Newtownards.[235] Willie Mays[25] John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer[51] Robert McBeath, World War I Victoria Cross recipient[51] John S. McCain, Jr. (1911–1981), US admiral, made Mason at Sight, Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia, 1975, enrolled St. John's Lodge No. 11[236] John S. McCain, Sr. (1884–1945), US admiral, Carrollton Lodge No. 36[237] Winsor McCay (1867–1934), cartoonist and early animator,[238] John J. McClure (1886-1965), Pennsylvania State Senator and Delaware County Republican political boss Ally McCoist, Former football player[51] Henry Joy McCracken, Member of the Society of the United Irishmen[239] Schomberg Kerr McDonnell (1861-1915), British soldier, politician, and principal private secretary to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Initiated in the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[216]:39[217] Malcolm McEachern, Australian singer, and part of comedy duo Mr. Flotsam and Mr. Jetsam. Member of Savage Club Lodge No 2190, London (UGLE).[104] John McEwen (29 March 1900 – 20 November 1980), 18th Prime Minister of Australia, initiated in to Lauderdale Lodge No. 361 UGLV[240] Kenneth McKellar, Scottish singer[51] William McKinley, U.S. President. Hiram Lodge No. 21, Virginia. Demitted to become a charter member of Eagle Lodge No. 431, later renamed William McKinley Lodge, Ohio[33] Samuel McLaughlin, Founder and President of the McLaughlin Carriage Co. which later became General Motors of Canada. Cedar Lodge No. 270, Oshawa, Ontario. Grand Steward in 1945, 75 year member in the Craft. Royal Arch, Knight Templar, President of Oshawa Shrine Club.[5] John McLean, US Associate Justice (1829–1861)[11] C. J. McLin (1921–1988), American politician[17] William McMahon (23 February 1908 – 31 March 1988), 20th Prime Minister of Australia, Initiated into Lodge University of Sydney No. 544[241] Ned Ray McWherter, Governor of Tennessee (1987–1995).[242] José María Melo, President of Colombia [6] Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847), German composer.[204] Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1786), German philosopher, Scottish Rite.[1] Juan Álvarez Mendizábal, Spanish minister of the Treasury, Taller Sublime, Cádiz[243] Robert Menzies, 12th Prime Minister of Australia, Austral Temple Lodge No. 110, VC[244][245] Joe Mercer, England national football team manager 1974; initiated in Rivacre Lodge, No. 5805, Ellesmere Port, Cheshire in 1941[90] Franz Mesmer, German physician; 'mesmerism'. Strict Observance[246] Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791–1864), German Opera composer.[204] Kweisi Mfume, President NAACP, Mount Olive Lodge No. 25, Baltimore, Maryland (Prince Hall).[247] George Middleton, Third Master of African Lodge #459 (Prince Hall)[248] J. B. Milam (1884–1949), Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, 32 degree Mason[249] Pat Miletich, American mixed martial artist[250][251] Jason Charles Miller, American musician and actor. Reseda Lodge No. 666, Los Angeles, CA and Pasadena Scottish Rite, Pasadena, CA.[252] Milovan Milovanović, Serbian politician and diplomat[26] Sherman Minton, US Associate Justice (1949–1956)[11] Ion Minulescu, Romanian poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, literary critic and playwright.[66] Živojin Mišić (1855–1921), Serbian Field Marshal.[26][253] Charles Burton Mitchel, U.S. Senator (1861), C.S. Senator (1862–1864), and member of Mount Horeb Lodge, No. 4, Washington, Arkansas[254] Edgar Dean Mitchell, NASA astronaut who was the lunar module pilot of Apollo 14 and therefore the sixth person to walk on the Moon. He was a Demolay Chevalier and member of Artesta No. 29 Artesta, New Mexico.[255] Stevan Mokranjac (1856–1914), Serbian composer and music educator.[26][256] John Molson, Founder of Molson Breweries. St. Paul's Lodge, No. 374 UGLE, Montreal. Past Provincial Grand Master.[5] George Monckton-Arundell, Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master[27] Bob Monkhouse, English comedian and television presenter, Chelsea Lodge No.3098.[257][258] James Monroe, U.S. President, Williamsburg Lodge No. 6, Williamsburg, Virginia.[259][260] Charles Montagu-Scott (See 4th Duke of Buccleuch) Jacque-Étienne Montgolfier, Co-inventor of the Hot air balloon, 1745–1799. Initiated 1784, Loge des Neuf Soeurs, Paris[261] Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, Co-inventor of the Hot air balloon, 1740–1810. Initiated 1806, Loge des Neuf Soeurs, Paris[261] Maxey Dell Moody, Sr. (1883-1949), Founder of M. D. Moody & Sons, Inc.[262] William H. Moody, US Associate Justice (1906–1910)[11] Michele Moramarco, Italian essayist and musician, author of "Nuova Enciclopedia Massonica" ("New Masonic Encyclopedia") and of "Masonic Ritual Rhapsody", a soundtrack for the conferral of Craft degrees.[263] Robert Moray, Scottish philosopher, Edinburgh [Lodge] 1641.[264] John Hunt Morgan, general for the Confederate States of America, Daviess Lodge #22, Lexington, Kentucky[265] Mario Moreno, Mexican actor better known as Cantinflas.[266] Initiated at Chilam Balam Lodge.[267] Pat Morita Actor, Freemason, Shriner.[268][269] Robert Morris, Poet Laureate of Freemasonry and founder of the Order of the Eastern Star[270] Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, Colombian President and General[6] Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke, (23 November 1886 – 23 February 1960), GCB, GCVO, GCStJ Member of the Hessian princely Battenberg family and the extended British Royal Family, a grandson of Queen Victoria. A member of Prince of Wales Lodge No. 259, the lodge connected with the royal family, he served as master in 1952 and as grand steward of the Grand Lodge of England in that year.[1] Leopold Mozart, Father of Amadeus, Zur Wohltätigkeit Lodge, Austria.[271] Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Composer. Zur Wohltätigkeit (Charity) Lodge, Austria. Composed several pieces of Masonic ritual music.[204][272] Alphonse Mucha, Painter and artist. Founder of restored Czech Freemasonry.[273] Neil Munro, Scottish newspaper editor and journalist[51] Manuel Murillo Toro, President of Colombia [6] Audie Murphy, The most decorated United States soldier of World War II,[16] North Hollywood Lodge No. 542, California[52] Alexander Murray, 6th Earl of Dunmore, Scottish nobleman, Grand Master of Scotland (1835–1836)[15] Charles Samuel Myers, English pioneer psychologist of the Royal Society, coined the term "shell shock". Member and founder of multiple lodges. Initiated 1895 at Isaac newton Lodge # 859.[21] N Conrad Nagel, (16 March 1897 – 24 February 1970), American screen actor of the silent film era who was among 35 other film industry insiders to found the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Member of Hollywood Lodge No. 355, Hollywood, California.[1] Edmund Nagle, (1757 – 14 March 1830), KCB, Royal Navy Admiral of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Member of Lodge of Antiquity No. 2, London.[1] James Naismith, Canadian-born American sports educator who invented the game of basketball.[5][25][274] Albinus Roberts Nance, (30 March 1848 – 7 December 1911), Fourth Governor of Nebraska. Member of Osceola Lodge No. 65, Osceola, Nebraska.[1] Charles James Napier, (10 August 1782 – 29 August 1853), GCB, General of the British Army and served as its Commander-in-Chief in India. Made a Mason on 16 June 1807 in Doyle's Lodge of Fellowship, Guernsey.[1] Giorgio Napolitano, (29 June 1925 – ), GCB, OMRI (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo napoliˈtaːno]; born 29 June 1925) is an Italian politician who was the 11th President of Italy from 2006 to 2015, the only Italian President to be reelected to the Presidency.[1] Alfred Joseph Naquet, (6 October 1834 – 10 November 1916), French chemist and politician. Bulletin of International Masonic Congress, 1917, states he was a Freemason.[1] Antonio Nariño, Colombian independence leader and national hero [6] Charles Williams Nash, (28 January 1864 – 6 June 1948), American automobile entrepreneur who served as an executive in the automotive industry and founded Nash Motors. Member of Flint Lodge No. 23, Flint, Michigan, receiving degrees on 15 March 1898, 23 February and 14 March 1899.[1] Frederick Nash, (9 February 1781 – 5 December 1858), Chief Justice of North Carolina from 1852-1858. Eagle Lodge No. 71, Hillsboro, North Carolina.[1] George Kilbon Nash, (14 August 1842 – 28 October 1904), 41st Governor of Ohio. Member of Columbus Lodge No. 3, Columbus, Ohio.[1] Alexander Nasmyth, (9 September 1758 – 10 April 1840), Scottish portrait and landscape painter. Member of Canongate Kilwinning Lodge of Edinburgh.[1] Ernesto Nathan, (5 October 1848 – 9 April 1921), Mayor of Rome from 1907-1914. Grand Master of the Grand Orient of Italy in 1896.[1] Arnold Naudain, (6 January 1790 – 4 January 1872), U.S. Senator from Delaware. Member of Union Lodge No. 7, Dover, serving as master in 1817. Listed as Master of Union Lodge No. 5 at Middletown, Delaware in 1823. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Delaware in 1826.[1] John Neagle, (4 November 1796 – 17 September 1865), American painter, primarily of portraits, during the first half of the 19th century in Philadelphia. Made a Mason in Columbia Lodge No. 91, Philadelphia, 22 April 1839, and served as master of the lodge in 1841 and 1843.[1] Colin Neblett, (6 July 1875 – 7 May 1950), United States federal judge. Affiliated with Silver City Lodge No. 8, Silver City, New Mexico on 28 December 1898 from Brunswick Lodge No. 52, Lawrenceville, Virginia.[1] Matthew M. Neely, (9 November 1874 – 18 January 1958), 21st Governor of West Virginia in addition to being a U.S. Representative and Senator. Received the degrees in Friendship Lodge No. 56, West Union, West Virginia, 25 March, 27 December 1899, and 8 September 1900; later dimitted to Fairmont Lodge No. 9, Fairmont, West Virginia.[1] Pat Morris Neff, (26 November 1871 – 20 January 1952), 28th Governors of Texas. Received degrees in Waco Lodge No. 92, Waco, Texas on 21 February, 29 March, and 27 May 1909. Affiliated with Baylor Lodge No. 1235, also of Waco in 1926. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Texas in 1946.[1] James Scott Negley, (26 December 1826 – 7 August 1901), Union General during the American Civil War and U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania. Member of Lodge No. 45, Pittsburgh.[1] George Bliss Nelson, (1876 – 26 April 1905), Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court. Received degrees in Waupaca Lodge No. 123, Waupaca, Wisconsin 24 August, 14 September, and 22 December 1897. Affiliated with Evergreen Lodge No. 93, Stevens Point, Wisconsin 21 March 1905.[1] Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805), KB Renowned admiral and hero of the Royal Navy. William Denslow states: A writer in the Freemasons' Quarterly Review in 1839 claimed Nelson and his servant, Tom Allen, were Freemasons, but gives no evidence to support his claim. Hamon Le Strange, in his History of Freemasonry in Norfolk, says that among the furniture of the Lodge of Friendship No. 100, at Yarmouth, there is a stone bearing an inscription to Nelson. On one side of the stone is an inscription commemorating the foundation of the Lodge of United Friends No. 564 on 11 August 1697, and on the other side the inscription: "In Memory of Bro. V. Nelson of the Nile, and of Burnham Thorpe, in Norfolk, who lost his life in the army of Victory, in an engagement with ye Combin'd Fleets of France and Spain, off Cape Trafalgar, 21 October 1805. Proposed by Bro. John Cutlove." At the Masonic Hall, Reading, may be seen a framed print with a representation of a banner carried at Lord Nelson's funeral. It bears the following words: "We rejoice with our Country but mourn our Brother." It was carried at the funeral by York Lodge No. 256. — William R. Denslow, [1] Martin A. Nelson, (21 February 1889 – 22 May 1979), Member of the Minnesota Supreme Court. Received degrees in Spring Valley Lodge No. 58, Spring Valley, Minnesota in June 1912 and July 1913. He affiliated with Fidelity Lodge No. 39 at Austin, Minnesota in 1925.[1] Roger Nelson, (1759 – 7 June 1815), Brigadier general during the American Revolutionary War and was later a U.S. Representative from Maryland. Member of Hiram Lodge No. 28, Frederick, Maryland.[1] Samuel Nelson, US Associate Justice (1845–1872)[11] Thomas Nelson, Jr., Governor of Virginia, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. Williamsburg Lodge No. 6, Williamsburg, Virginia[1] Aleksa Nenadović (1749-1804), Serbian statesman, prince of Tamnava—Posavina.[26] Mateja Nenadović, Serbian orthodox priest and politician[26] Wilbur Dick Nesbit, (1871 – 1927), American poet and humorist. Raised in Evans Lodge No. 524, Evanston, Illinois on 27 March 1915.[1] James W. Nesmith, (23 July 1820 – 17 June 1885), U.S. Senator from Oregon. Member of Salem Lodge No. 4, Salem, Oregon.[1] Jeremiah Neterer, (24 January 1862 – 2 February 1943), United States federal judge. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Washington (state) in 1910 through 1911.[1] Nicholas Netterville, 5th Viscount Netterville, (1708 – 1750), Irish peer. Notable for having been tried and acquitted by his peers on a charge of murder. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1732.[1] Keith Neville, (25 February 1884 – 4 December 1959), 18th Governor of Nebraska. Received degrees in Platte Valley Lodge No. 32, North Platte, Nebraska on 8 September, 24 November 1908 and 31 July 1909.[1] Wendell Cushing Neville, (12 May 1870 – 8 July 1930), major general of the United States Marine Corps, Medal of Honor recipient, and the 14th Commandant of the Marine Corps. Mason and National Sojourner in San Francisco.[1] Harry Stewart New, (31 December 1858 – 9 May 1937), U.S. Senator from Indiana and 48th United States Postmaster General. Member of Ancient Landmarks Lodge No. 319, Indianapolis.[1] Cyril Newall, Marshal of the RAF and Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New Zealand[27] Walter Cass Newberry, (23 December 1835 – 20 July 1912), Brevet Brigadier general of the Union Army during the American Civil War and U.S. Representative from Illinois. Member of Sanger Lodge No. 129, Waterville, New York.[1] Harry Kenneth Newburn, (1 January 1906 – 25 August 1974), American educator who served as the president of various universities during the mid-20th century. Member of McKenzie River Lodge No. 195 of Eugene, Oregon.[1] William Augustus Newell, (5 September 1817 – 8 August 1901), 11th Governor of the Washington Territory, 18th Governor of and U.S. Representative from New Jersey. Raised in Hightstown Lodge No. 41, Hightstown, New Jersey on 23 May 1856.[1] J. Lincoln Newhall, (26 March 1870 – 23 July 1952), U.S. Representative from Kentucky.[1] Robert Newman, (20 March 1752 – 26 May 1804), American sexton at the Old North Church in Boston, Massachusetts. Famously hung lanterns "one if by land, two if by sea" in the church's steeple as part of the warning signal system devised by Paul Revere during the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Member of St. Johns Lodge, Boston.[1] Joseph Fort Newton, (1876 – 1876 American Baptist minister. Authored over 30 books, perhaps his most famous being The Builders: A Story and Study of Freemasonry, published in 1914 which is still widely read and distributed. He was raised in Friendship Lodge No. 7, Dixon, Illinois on 28 May 1902 and later affiliated with Mt. Hermon Lodge No. 263, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.[1] Thomas Willoughby Newton, (18 January 1804 – 22 September 1853), U.S. Representative from Arkansas. Member of Alexandria Washington Lodge No. 22, Alexandria, Virginia.[1] Michel Ney, (10 January 1769 – 7 December 1815), French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. Some say he was made a Mason in the Lodge of the Nine Sisers, Paris, about 1792. The International Masonic Congress' bulletin of 1917, says he was initiated in 1801, but does not give the lodge.[1] Denis Sassou Nguesso, General and the president of the Republic of the Congo.[91] Philip N. Nicholas, (1773 – 18 August 1849), Judge of the Virginia General Court from 1823 until his death. Member of Jerusalem Lodge No. 54, Richmond, Virginia.[1] Samuel Nicholas, (1744 – 27 August 1790), The first commissioned officer of the United States Continental Marines (predecessor to the United States Marine Corps). Member of Lodge No. 13, Philadelphia.[1] Wilson Cary Nicholas, (31 January 1761 – 10 October 1820), Officer of the Virginia Militia during the American Revolutionary War, U.S. Senator from and 19th Governor of Virginia. First master of Warren Lodge No. 33, Warren, Virginia.[1] Daniel Nicols (1833-1897), founder of the Café Royal in London.[275] John Conover Nichols, (31 August 1896 – 7 November 1945), U.S. Representative from Oklahoma. Member of Eufaula Lodge No. 1, Eufaula, Oklahoma.[1] Alfred Osborn Pope Nicholson, (31 August 1808 – 23 March 1876), U.S. Senator from Tennessee. Member of Columbia Lodge No. 31, Columbia, Tennessee.[1] James Nicholson, (1737 – 2 September 1804), Officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War. Made a Mason in Lodge No. 7, Kent County, Maryland on 19 June 1778.[1] Samuel Nicholson, (1743 – 28 December 1811), Officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War and later in the United States Navy. First commander of the famous frigate Constitution, whose construction he superintended. Member of Lodge No. 17, Queenstown, Maryland.[1] Samuel D. Nicholson, (22 February 1859 – 24 March 1923), U.S. Senator from Colorado. Member of Leadville Lodge No. 51, receiving degrees on 20 January, 17 February, and 2 March 1889 and was master of same in 1892.[1] Henry F. Niedringhaus, (15 December 1864 – 3 August 1941), U.S. Representative from Missouri. Member of Occidental Lodge No. 163, St. Louis, Missouri.[1] Hezekiah Niles, (10 October 1777 – 2 April 1839), American newspaper publisher. Member of Warren Lodge No. 51, Warren, Maryland.[1] David Nixon, English entertainment magician[8] George S. Nixon, (2 April 1860 – 5 June 1912), U.S. Senator from Nevada. Member of Winnemucca Lodge No. 19, Winnemucca, Nevada.[1] John Nixon, (1 March 1727 – 24 March 1815), Brigadier general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. His lodge is not known, but he is recorded as a visitor to American Union Lodge on 24 June 1779.[1] James Noble, (16 December 1785 – 26 February 1831), The first U.S. Senator from Indiana. Member of Harmony Lodge No. 11, Brookville, Indiana.[1] Noah Noble, (15 January 1794 – 8 February 1844), 5th Governor of Indiana.Master of Harmony Lodge No. 11, Brookville, Indiana in 1822.[1] Edmond Noel, (4 March 1856 – 30 July 1927), 37th Governor of Mississippi. Member of Lexington Lodge No. 24, Lexington, Mississippi.[1] John Noorthouck, (1732 – 1732English Author. Member of Lodge of Antiquity, London.[1] Peter Norbeck, (27 August 1870 – 20 December 1936), 9th Governors of and U.S. Senator from South Dakota. Received 32° AASR (SJ) at Yankton, South Dakota on 22 June 1919 and member of Yelduz Shrine Temple at Aberdeen, South Dakota.[1] Blue lodge name and number not listed in Denslow. Albin Walter Norblad, Jr., (12 September 1908 – 20 September 1964), U.S. Representative from Oregon. Member of Harbor Lodge No. 183, Astoria, Oregon.[1] Frank Herbert Norcross, (11 May 1869 – 4 November 1952), United States federal judge. Member of Reno Lodge No. 13, Reno, Nevada.[1] Gunnar Hans Nordbye, (4 February 1888 – 5 November 1977), United States federal judge. Member of Khurum Lodge No.112, Minneapolis, Minnesota, receiving degrees on 27 February, 6 March, and 12 March 1914. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Minnesota in 1939.[1] Thomas Howard, 8th Duke of Norfolk, (11 December 1683 – 23 December 1732), British Peer involved in the Jacobite rising of 1715. Grand Master, Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) from 1729-1730.[1] John Northcott, Australian soldier, Grand Master of New South Wales (1952–1955)[134] William F. Norrell, (29 August 1896 – 15 February 1961), U.S. Representative from Arkansas. Member of Eureka Lodge No. 40, Monticello, Arkansas.[1] George W. Norris, (11 July 1861 – 2 September 1944), U.S. Representative and Senator from Nebraska. Member of Beaver City Lodge No. 93, Beaver City, Nebraska.[1] John Northcott, (24 March 1890 – 4 August 1966), KCMG, KCVO, CB, KStJ Australian Army general who served as Chief of the General Staff during the Second World War, and commanded the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in the Occupation of Japan.[1] Amos Nourse, (17 December 1794 – 7 April 1877), Medical doctor and U.S. Senator from Maine. Deputy grand master of the Grand Lodge of Maine in 1832.[1] Kenneth Noye, British criminal, Hammersmith Lodge[276] William Nuessle, (5 May 1878 – 30 March 1959), Justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court. Received degrees on 3 October 1904, 6 February and 6 March 1905 in Bismarck Lodge No. 5, Bismarck, North Dakota[1] Sam Nunn, US Senator.[16] Gerald Nye, (19 December 1892 – 17 July 1971), U.S. Senator from North Dakota. Member of Northern Light Lodge No. 45, Cooperstown, North Dakota.[1] James W. Nye, (10 June 1815 – 25 December 1876), U.S. Senator from Nevada. Member of Hamilton Lodge No. 120, Hamilton, New York.[1] O José María Obando (1795-1861), Colombian President and general [6] Dositej Obradović (1742–1811), Serbian author, philosopher, linguist, polyglot and the first minister of education of Serbia.[26][277] Mihailo Obrenović III, Prince of Serbia,[26] William O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin (1700 – 18 July 1777), KB Irish peer and politician. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) in 1726.[1] Daniel O'Connell, Irish political figure, Lodge No. 189, Dublin, in 1797[278] Christopher Frank Patrick O'Connor, Irish-Canadian circus clown (born 17 March 1993) Hans Christian Oersted (1777–1851), Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields.[279] Bernardo O'Higgins, South American revolutionary leader and first Chilean head of state as Captain General[280] Harris R. Oke (1891–1940), was a wounded veteran of World War 1 who became Colonial Secretary, The Gambia, British West Africa (1934–1940) and served as its Acting Governor and Commander-in-Chief for six extended periods between 1934 and 1940 Ransom E. Olds, Automotive pioneer and founder of Oldsmobile. Capitol Lodge No. 66, Lansing, MI[1] Harry Oppenheimer, South African businessman[281] Shaquille O'Neal, NBA basketball player. Made a "Mason at sight" by the Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Massachusetts F&AM, member of Widow's Son Lodge No. 28 in Boston[282] William Onslow, 4th Earl of Onslow, British politician[283] Camilo Osías, President of the Senate of the Philippines.[284] William Dillon Otter, Canadian General. Initiated in Ionic Lodge, No. 25, Toronto in February 1869[219] Derwyn Owen, Archbishop of Toronto, and Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, Ionic Lodge No 25, Toronto.[1] P Francesco Mario Pagano, Italian jurist and philosopher, Worshipful master of the Neapolitan lodge "La philantropia", English rite.[285] Earle Page (8 August 1880 – 20 December 1961), 11th Prime Minister of Australia, initiated into Lodge Prince Leopold No. 87 UGLNSW[286] John Page, Governor of Virginia, Botetourt Lodge No. 7, Gloucester, Virginia[287] Brad Paisley, American country music artist, Southern Jurisdiction, Scottish Rite.[288] Alexandru Paleologu, Romanian essayist, literary critic, diplomat and politician.[66] Rafael Palma, Filipino politician, writer, and educator. Fourth President of the University of the Philippines. Bagong Buhay Lodge No. 291 (renumbered No. 16) 14 July 1908. Affiliated with Sinukuan Lodge No. 16 and in 1920 became Grand Master, the unified Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands.[289] Arnold Palmer, Professional Golfer,[16][25] Loyalhanna Lodge No. 275, Latrobe, Pennsylvania Joseph B. Palmer, Lawyer, legislator and Confederate general in the American Civil War. Mt. Moriah Lodge #18, Tennessee[127] Quintin Paredes, Filipino lawyer, politician, and statesman. Raised 29 November 1913 at Sinukuan Lodge No. 16 and became its Worshipful Master in 1920. Grand Master 1922[290] Ely S. Parker, Seneca spokesman, military secretary to Ulysses S. Grant. Batavia Lodge No. 88, Batavia, New York, and later affiliated with Valley Lodge No. 109. Founder and first Worshipful Master of Akron Lodge No. 527 of New York. Ely Parker Lodge No. 1002 of Buffalo, New York, is named after him.[291] Fess Parker, Actor, Mount Olive Lodge No. 506, California[52] Richard Parsons, 1st Earl of Rosse, First recorded Grand Master of Ireland and founder of the Dublin Hellfire club[292] Nawab Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, the former Nawab of Pataudi in India and former captain of the Indian national cricket team[293] William Paterson, US Associate Justice (1793–1806)[11] and 2nd governor of New Jersey Sir (Thomas) Angus Lyall Paton, civil engineer of the Aswan High Dam.[294] Derek Pattinson, British civil servant, and Secretary-General of the General Synod (Church of England); Kaisar-i-Hind Lodge No 1724 (London) et al.[295] Alexander Peaco*ck (11 June 1861 – 7 October 1933), 20th Premier of Victoria, Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria[296][297] Charles Willson Peale, Esteemed American artist and portrait painter.[1] Norman Vincent Peale,[16] Midwood Lodge No. 1062, Brooklyn, New York Pedro I of Brazil, Emperor of Brazil.[298] Borislav Pekić, Serbian writer[26] Edmund Pendleton, Delegate to the Continental Congress, member of Virginia House of Burgesses, Virginia Supreme Court justice, and statesman. Member of Fairfax Lodge No. 43, Culpeper, Virginia[1] William Sydney Penley, commonly known as W. S. Penley, English actor, singer, and comedian. Savage Club Lodge No 2190, London (UGLE).[104] John Penn, Proprietary governor of Pennsylvania, member of first lodge of Philadelphia.[1] James Cash Penney, Founder of J. C. Penney department stores. Wasatch Lodge No. 1 in Salt Lake City, Utah.[299] Matthew Calbraith Perry, Commodore, US Navy, The Holland Lodge No. 8, New York, 1819[300] John J. Pershing, commander, American Expeditionary Force, World War I, Lincoln Lodge No.19, Lincoln, Nebraska.[301] Peter I of Serbia,[26] Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, Prince-Bishop of Montenegro[26] Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Husband of Queen Elizabeth II, Navy Lodge No 2612, London.[302] Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Grand Master of the Grand Orient de France during the French Revolution[303] John Henry Lawrence Phillips, Bishop of Portsmouth,1960–1975: Provincial Grand Master Hampshire & Isle of Wight, 1975–1979[304] George Pickett, Confederate general at Gettysburg[305] Albert Pike, Confederate general, re-wrote rituals for Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction), author of Morals and Dogma, Western Star Lodge No. 2, Little Rock, Arkansas. Sovereign Grand Commander AASR, Southern Jurisdiction.[306] Marcelo H. del Pilar, Filipino writer, reformer, journalist, and revolutionary leader of the Philippine Revolution. Considered as the "Father of Philippine Masonry". Initiated in Spain in 1889[307] John Pintard, Founder of the New York Historical Society, The Holland Lodge No. 8, New York[300] Scottie Pippen, Retired Chicago Bulls small forward #33 (1987–2004),[308] Augustus Le Plongeon, French Archaeologist. First to survey and excavate at Chitchen Itza.[309] David Plunket, 1st Baron Rathmore, British Conservative politician.[310] William Plunket, Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master[27] Michael Pocalyko, American business executive and novelist. Alexandria-Washington Lodge No.22, Alexandria, Virginia.[311] Joel Roberts Poinsett, U.S. statesman, diplomat, physician and botanist.[312] James K. Polk, U.S. President. Initiated 5 June 1820, Columbia Lodge No. 31, Tennessee[33] William Polk, Officer of the North Carolina line during the American War for Independence and Fifth Grand Master of North Carolina. Charter Master, Phalanx Lodge No. 31 Charlotte[313][314][315] Mariano Ponce, Filipino physician Initiated in Madrid and became Secretary of Logia Revoluccion and Logia Solidaridad 53. He also became a 33° A&AR mason under the auspices of the Gran Oriente Español.[316] Alexander Pope (1668–1744), (1688–1744), British satirical poet[8][317] Arthur Porritt, Governor-General of New Zealand, Grand Master[27] Dana Porter, Canadian politician.[219] Eugène Edine Pottier, French composer of the Internationale[318] John Poulson, Architectural designer and businessman[319] D'Arcy Power, surgeon and Air Vice-Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Lodge of Assistance No 2773 (London), of which he was Worshipful Master 1949-1950[320][321]:59 Henry Price (1697-1780) Appointed Provincial Grand Master of New England by Viscount Montague, Grand Master of England, in 1733. Founder of Duly Constituted Masonry in America.[322] William Preston, Author of Illustrations of Masonry.[323] Richard Pryor, Actor, comedian; Henry Brown Lodge No. 22, Peoria, IL[324] Giacomo Puccini, (1858–1924) Italian Composer.[204] Reynato Puno, Chief Justice of the Philippines, Grand Master of Masons, active member of Hiram Lodge No. 88, and the Grand Lodge of the Philippines[325][326][327] Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin (1858–1935), A.k.a. Michael I. Pupin Serbian and American physicist and physical chemist.[26][328] Alexander Pushkin (1799–1837), Russian poet. Lodge Ovid, Kischinev, 1821[33][317] Rufus Putnam, surveyor, general in the U.S. Revolutionary War. Elected first Grand Master of Masons in Ohio.[329] Q William Andrew Quarles (4 July 1825[1] 28 December 1893), Lawyer, politician, railroad executive, and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War from Tennessee. Member of Clarksville Lodge No. 89, Clarksville, Tennessee.[1] William Howard Quasha (19 May 1912 – 12 May 1996), engineer, lawyer, USA soldier, Boy Scouting official in the Philippines. Grand Master, Grand Lodge, F&AM, Philippines. Chairman, President, CEO, St. Luke's which named its medical school the St. Luke's College of Medicine William H. Quasha Memorial. Worked with Rensis Likert on the Revised Minnesota Paper Form Board Test. Known for his 1964 trip to the Vatican to foster amity between Masonry and the Catholic Church. Matthew Quay (30 September 1833 – 28 May 1904), United States Senator from Pennsylvania. Member of St. James Lodge No. 457, Beaver, Pennsylvania.[1] Manuel L. Quezon, First president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under U.S. occupation rule in the early period of the 20th century. Raised 17 March 1908 at Sinukuan Lodge No. 272 (renamed Sinukuan Lodge No. 16). First Filipino Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands that was established in 1917.[330] Henry B. Quinby (10 June 1846 – 8 February 1924), 52nd Governor of New Hampshire. Member of Mount Lebanon Lodge No. 32, Laconia, New Hampshire.[1] Josiah Quincy III (4 February 1772 – 1 July 1864). Massachusetts U.S. Representative, Mayor of Boston, and 16th President of Harvard University. Raised in St. John's Lodge of Boston, 28 March 1795.[1] Edgar Quinet (17 February 1803 – 27 March 1875) French historian and intellectual. A Freemason, but his lodge is not known.[1] John A. Quitman (1 September 1798 – 17 July 1858), 10th and 16th Governor of Mississippi. Raised in Hiram Lodge No. 18, Delaware, Ohio, in 1820, and affiliated with Harmony Lodge No. 1, Natchez, Mississippi in 1822, serving as master two years later. Was grand master of the Grand Lodge of Mississippi from 1826–37 and 1845-46. He was a 32° Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction) and intimate friend of Albert Pike, who conducted a lodge of sorrow in his memory in 1860. Was an honorary member of the grand lodges of South Carolina and New York.[1] R Ion Heliade Rădulescu, Romanian academic, poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician.[66] Thomas Stamford Raffles, Statesman, founded Singapore. Raised 5 July 1813, Lodge De Vriendschap, Sourabaya[331] Nick Rahall (1949–), US representative from West Virginia[332] Andrew Michael Ramsay (1686–1743), Commonly known as Chevalier Ramsay. Jacobite peer, author of Discourse pronounced at the reception of Freemasons, which first proposed the idea that Freemasonry descends from crusading knights.[333] George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie, British General and colonial administrator, Governor General of British North America (1820–1828), Grand Master of Scotland (1804–1806)[15] Alf Ramsey, Manager of England World Cup winning football team, 1966; initiated into Waltham Abbey Lodge No. 2750 5 October 1953[90] A. Philip Randolph, Joppa Lodge No. 55, NYC[334] Edmund Randolph, (1753–1813), American attorney, the seventh Governor of Virginia, the second Secretary of State, and the first United States Attorney General. Williamsburg Lodge No. 456. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Virginia 1787–89[335] Johan Wilhelm Rangell, Prime Minister of Finland (1941–1943)[336] Frank C. Rathje, Chicago banker, businessman, and philanthropist. Member of Englewood Lodge 690[337] Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings, British politician and colonial administrator, Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William (1813–1823), Acting Grand Master of Scotland (1806–1808)[15][124][338] Harry Rawson, British Admiral, leader of the Benin Expedition of 1897, Grand Master of New South Wales (1905–1909)[134] Sam Rayburn, U.S. politician, U.S. Speaker of the House; took his first degree 7 August 1922, remained Entered Apprentice upon his death, Constantine Lodge No.13.[1] Stanley F. Reed, U.S. Associate Justice (1938–1957)[11] George Reid, 4th Prime Minister of Australia, Lodge Centennial No. 169, UGL of New South Wales[244] Ed Rendell, Governor of Pennsylvania[339] Theodor Reuss, German occultist and head of O.T.O., Pilger Loge #238 (UGLE) 1878, and excluded from Freemasonry in 1880.[340] Paul Revere, American Revolutionary hero, St. Andrew's Lodge, Boston, Massachusetts; Grand Master of Massachusetts 1794–97.[33] Don Revie, England football team manager 1974–1977; initiated 1965 in Leodiensis Lodge, No 4029[90] Isabelo de los Reyes, Filipino politician and labor activist in.[341] Donn Reynolds, Canadian country music singer & world champion yodeler; Initiated April 1990: Flower City Lodge No. 689, Brampton, Ontario, Canada.[342] Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of the Cape Colony[8] Michael Richards, American Actor[343][344] Eddie Rickenbacker, WWI American Flying Ace. Received degrees from Kilwinning Lodge No. 297, Detroit Michigan in 1922.[1] Branch Rickey, Major League Baseball (MLB) executive elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1967 best known for breaking Major League Baseball's color barrier by signing African American player Jackie Robinson[345] Don Rickles (8 May 1926 - 6 April 2017), American Actor and Comedian, raised 6 June 1953; Service City Geba Lodge No. 1009, Astoria, New York[346] Charles Ridgeway (1841-1927), Bishop of Chichester.[108] Arnold Ridley, English actor and playwright, Savage Club Lodge No 2190, London[347][348][349] Matthew White Ridley, 2nd Viscount Ridley (1874-1916), British peer and politician. Initiated in the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[216]:39[217] Rafael del Riego, Spanish general and liberal politician[350] Charles Riley, Anglican Archbishop, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Western Australia 1904–17, 1920–29.[351] William G. Ritch, acting Governor of the New Mexico Territory, member of the Wisconsin State Senate[352] Ringling Brothers (all seven of them), American circus promoters[353] José Rizal, Polymath and National Hero of the Philippines, Logia Solidaridad 53 Madrid, Spain; made honorary Worshipful Master of Nilad Lodge No. 144 in 1892[354] Bradbury Robinson, pioneering American football player, physician, conservationist, and local politician. John J. Robinson, (c.1918–1996) was a former US Marine, an author, and historian with a special interest in Medieval Britain and the Crusades. He was also the founding visionary of the Masonic Information Center.[355] Sugar Ray Robinson, champion boxer[25][356] Jimmie Rodgers, Spinks Lodge No. 507 Mississippi[30][357] Roy Rogers, American actor, Hollywood Lodge No. 355, California[30][33][358] Will Rogers, American political commentator and satirist, Claremore Lodge No. 53, Oklahoma[30][33] Elliott Roosevelt, USAF officer and author, son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, raised 17 February 1933: Architect's Lodge No. 519, New York[359] Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.S. President. Holland Lodge No. 8, New York[33] Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., Congressman, son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Initiated Nov. 7, 1935: Architect's Lodge No. 519, New York[359] James Roosevelt, Politician and Congressman, son of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Initiated Nov. 7, 1935: Architect's Lodge No. 519, New York[359] Theodore Roosevelt, U.S. President. Matineco*ck Lodge No. 806, Oyster Bay, New York[33] Honorary member of the Lodge of King Solomon’s Temple No. 3464 Félicien Rops, Belgian artist[144] Edmundo Ros, Musician. Sprig of Acacia Lodge, Javea, Spain[360] Constantin Daniel Rosenthal, Romanian painter and 1848 revolutionary.[66] C. A. Rosetti, Romanian literary and political leader, participant in the Wallachian Revolution of 1848.[66] James Mayer de Rothschild, Financier, Initiated 24 October 1802: Emulation Lodge No. 12, London[33] Nathan Mayer Rothschild, Financier, Initiated 24 October 1802: Emulation Lodge No. 12, London[1][33] George Rous, 3rd Earl of Stradbroke (19 November 1862 – 20 December 1947), 15th Governor of Victoria, Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria[361] Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 18th century Swiss-French philosopher, writer, composer[362] Archibald Hamilton Rowan, Member of the Society of the United Irishmen[239] Manuel Roxas, Was the first president of the independent Republic of the Philippines.[363] William Byron Rumford, California legislator, Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge, Berkeley, California[364] J. Ward Russell, 2 term Mayor of Glens Falls, New York[365] Oliver Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill,[124][366] Alecu Russo, Romanian writer, literary critic and publicist.[66] John Rutledge, Chief Justice of the United States (1795), Associate Justice (1789–1791)[11] George Ryerson, Canadian politician.[219] Risto Ryti, the fifth President of Finland (1940–1944)[367] S Mihail Sadoveanu, Romanian Novelist, short story writer, journalist and political figure, Grand Master from 1932.[66] Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (1825–1903), Prime Minister of Spain[368] John Salt (1941-2017), Anglican Bishop of St Helena, initiated in 1993 in Eshowe Lodge No 2596 (UGLE), and a member of St Helena Lodge No 488 (UGLE).[369] Leverett Saltonstall, Governor of Massachusetts, United States Senator from Massachusetts. Member, Fraternity Lodge, Newton, Massachusetts.[370] Harland Sanders, American businessman and founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken[371] Sir Daniel Keyte Sandford (1798-1838), Scottish politician and classicist. Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[180] Augusto César Sandino, Central American revolutionary and founder of the Nicaraguan Sandinistas[372] Merton Sandler (1926-2014), British academic, author, and psychopharmacologist, initiated 19 May 1954 in the In Arduis Fidelis Lodge No 3432 (UGLE), and member of multiple other lodges.[373] Dale V. Sandstrom, Justice of the Supreme Court of North Dakota, Lewis & Clark Lodge No. 132, Bismarck, ND[374] Antonio López de Santa Anna, Mexican general and President. He had been expelled from Masonry.[375][376] Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian general and politician, President of Colombia[377] Artur Santos, Portuguese politician, Mayor of Ourem during the Fatima apparitions.[378] Lope K. Santos, Tagalog language writer from the Philippines. first Worshipful Master of Magat Lodge No. 68 in Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya.[379] Eduardo Santos, President of Colombia and newspaperman[6] Sima Milutinović Sarajlija, Bosnian-Serbian Scholar[26] Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Seventh President of Argentina and father of education, served as Grand Master of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of Argentina.[380] Michael Schiavello, Australian sports commentator.[381][382] Emanuel Schikaneder, German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer and composer. He is remembered today as Mozart's librettist for The Magic Flute, an opera with Masonic themes.[383] Friedrich Schiller, German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright, Rudolstadt Lodge, Berlin[33] Chuck Schumer, US Senator from New York, Amos-Ft. Greene Lodge No. 922 (first degree only)[384] Francis Scott (See 2nd Duke of Buccleuch) Robert Falcon Scott, Soldier and explorer[8] Walter Scott, Scottish novelist, playwright and poet. Initiated, passed and raised at an emergency meeting of St. David Lodge No 36, Edinburgh, 2 March 1801.[385] Richard Seddon, Longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand (1893–1906), Grand Master of New Zealand (1898–1900)[386][387] Charles Gabriel Seligman[98] Peter Sellers, Actor, comedian, star of The Goon Show and The Pink Panther movie series, Chelsea Lodge No 3098, UGLE[258] David B. Sentelle (12 February 1943 - ) U.S. Federal Judge. Member of Excelsior Lodge 261 in Charlotte, North Carolina as well as the Charlotte Valley of the Scottish Rite (thirty-third degree) and the Oassis Shrine of Charlotte. He is a winner of the Joseph Montfort Medal from the Grand Lodge of North Carolina for Outstanding Service to Freemasonry.[388] Robert Service, poet,[389] R. B. Seymour Sewell, British naturalist[98] Abel Seyler, Theatre director[390] Sir Ernest Shackleton, UK explorer[391] Jimmy Shand, Scottish accordionist, Lodge Robert De Bruce No. 304, Ladybank, Fife[51] Richard Brinsley Sheridan, British playwright and poet[8] Heath Shuler, United States Congressman for North Carolina, Oconee Lodge 427.[392][393][394] Jean Sibelius, Composer, Suomi Lodge No. 1, Helsinki, Finland, 1922.[395] Wrote several pieces of interest to Masons including "Praising Hymn" and the "Ode to Fraternity." Sampson Simson, Lawyer and philanthropist[396] William Sinclair (1850-1917), Anglican priest and Archdeacon of London, Grand Chaplain of UGLE.[397] Carl L. Sitter, Colonel of the United States Marine Corps and Medal of Honor recipient, Oasis of Mara Masonic Lodge #735, Twentynine Palms, California.[398][399] Richard Bernard "Red" Skelton, American comedian, Vincennes Lodge No. 1, Vincennes, Indiana[33][400] James Sloan, co-founder of the Orange Order[401] John D. Sloat (1781 – 1867), American Rear Admiral, claimed California for the United States in 1846. St. Nicholas lodge No. 321 in New York City (1800).[402][403] Chas Smash, birth name Cathal Smyth, known as Carl Smyth; English singer, songwriter, and musician, and member of Madness (band); Yarborough Centenary Lodge (UGLE).[404] Augustus Smith (1804–1872), British Member of Parliament (1857–1865), Provincial Grand Master for the Province of Cornwall (UGLE) (1863–1872)[405] Hyrum Smith, Mormon leader, Mount Moriah Lodge No. 112, Palmyra, New York[406] Joseph Smith, Founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, Nauvoo Lodge, Illinois[407] Joseph Smith, Sr., Mormon leader, Ontario Lodge No. 23 of Canandaigua, New York, 1818[406] Walter Smith, Former football player and manager[51] Cathal Smyth - see Chas Smash (above). John Soane, English architect[8] Angelo Soliman, Slave brought to Europe who became the first black African-born Freemason. True Harmony Lodge in 1783.[408] Arthur Somers-co*cks, 6th Baron Somers (20 March 1887 – 14 July 1944), 16th Governor of Victoria, Chief Scout of the British Empire,[409] Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria[410] John Philip Sousa, Composer, Hiram Lodge No. 10, Washington, D.C.[16][16][204] George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough. Initiated 9 January 1871, with brother Randolph.[411] Bernard Spilsbury, British forensic scientist.[8] Louis Spohr (1784–1859), German composer.[204] Stevan Sremac (1855–1906), Serbian realist and comedy writer.[26][412] James St Clair-Erskine, 2nd Earl of Rosslyn, British politician, Member of Parliament (1782–1805), Lord Privy Seal, Lord President of the Council, Acting Grand Master of Scotland (1810–1812)[15] Robert St Clair-Erskine, 4th Earl of Rosslyn, Scottish politician, Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms (1886–1890), Grand Master of Scotland (1870–1873)[15] Thomas Patten Stafford, Gemini and Apollo astronaut. Western Star Lodge No. 138, OK.[413] Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, British politician[414] Cyril Stapleton, English jazz musician[8] Goswin de Stassart, Belgian statesman[144] Milan Rastislav Štefánik (21 July 1880 – 4 May 1919) Slovak politician, astronomer, aviator, army general and co-founder of Czechoslovakia[415] Jock Stein, football manager of teams including Celtic F.C. and Scotland.[416][417] John Steinbeck, American Author – Initiated, Passed and Raised in Salinas Lodge No.204, CA, 1929 (withdrew 1933)[418][419] Stanisław Stempowski, Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Poland (1926–1928)[420] Charles Mortram Sternberg, Canadian paleontologist, Civil Service Lodge No. 148 Ottawa, Ont.[421] Thomas Stevens (1841-1920), British Anglican Bishop, first Bishop of Barking, initiated in the Isaac Newton University Lodge (Cambridge), and Grand Chaplain of the UGLE.[108] Potter Stewart, US Associate Justice (1958–1981)[11] Louis Stokes (1925–), American politician, served in the United States House of Representatives.[17] W. Clement Stone, Businessman, philanthropist and self-help book author (1902–2002)[422] William Leete Stone, Sr., Journalist and historian. Author of works regarding Freemasonry and its opponents.[423] Joseph Story, US Associate Justice (1811–1845)[11] Philipp von Stosch, Occultist, antiquarian and English spy.[424] Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942), Member of the British Royal Family, served as the Governor General of Canada.[219] Honorary member of the Lodge of king Solomon’s Temple No. 3464 Gustav Stresemann, Chancellor (1923) and foreign minister (1923–1929) of the Weimar Republic. Initiated in the lodge Frederick the Great on 22 July 1923.[48][425] John McDouall Stuart, Scottish explorer of Australia[51] William Stukeley, English archaeologist and antiquarian. Lodge at Salutation Tavern, London.[426] Alexandru Sturdza, Russian publicist and diplomat of Romanian origin.[66] Dimitrie Sturdza, Four-time Prime Minister of Romania, president of the Romanian Academy (1882–1884).[66] Arthur Sullivan, Sullivan of 'Gilbert and Sullivan',[69] and was also Grand Organist of the UGLE in 1887.[427] Charles Pelot Summerall (1867-1955), General, United States Army. Chief of Staff of the United States Army and President of The Citadel. Made a Mason at Sight, later affiliated with Pythagorean Lodge No. 21, Charleston, South Carolina. William A. Sutherland, California State Assemblyman (1910–1914)[428] Noah H. Swayne, US Associate Justice (1862–1881)[11] John Swett, Founder of the California public school system, Phoenix Lodge No. 144, San Francisco, California.[1] T Alphonso Taft, U.S. Attorney General and Secretary of War. Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, Ohio William Howard Taft, U.S. President. Made a Mason at Sight inside Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, Ohio, February 18, 1909 Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, Ohio[11][33] Honorary member of the Lodge of King Solomon’s Temple No. 3464. Rabindranath Tagore, Poet, polymath and first non-European Nobel Laureate.[429] Mehmed Talat, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. Initiated into Macedonia Risorta Lodge, Thessaloniki,1903. First Grand Master of Ottoman Grand Orient (1909–1910)[430][431] William B. Taliaferro, American soldier and politician, Grand Master of Virginia (1875–1876)[432] John S. Tanner, Member of the United States House of Representatives from 1989–2011 representing the 8th Tennessee District.[433][434] 33rd Degree of the Scottish Rite Southern Jurisdiction.[435] John Louis Taylor, First Chief Justice of North Carolina and Sixth and Tenth Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina.[436] Waller Taylor, First United States Senator from Indiana, Vincennes Lodge No. 1, Vincennes, Indiana[1] Geoffrey Taylour, 4th Marquess of Headfort, British politician and army officer. Lodge of Assistance No 2773, London (UGLE).[437] Thomas Taylour, 3rd Marquess of Headfort, Irish peer and politician. Multiple lodges including No 244 at Kells, Ireland. Head of the Masonic Order of the Red Cross of Constantine.[438] Thomas Telford, Scottish architect and civil engineer[51] Christian Tell, Romanian politician, 1848 revolutionary, Mayor of Bucharest.[66] Edward O'Connor Terry, English actor and comedian. Savage Club Lodge No 2190, London (UGLE).[104] Jon Tester, Member of the United States Senate representing Montana. Past master of Treasure Lodge No. 98 in Big Sandy, MT.[439] Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, British colonial administrator, Governor-General of India (1916–1921), Grand Master of New South Wales (1910–1913)[134] Dave Thomas, Founder of Wendy's, raised as a Master Mason in Sol. D. Bayless Lodge No. 359 Fort Wayne, Indiana. Although he joined Scottish Rite in the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction, he received the 33rd degree in 1995 from the Southern Jurisdiction.[440] James Thornhill, English painter[8] Strom Thurmond, US Senator from South Carolina and segregationist candidate for the United States presidency in 1948[441] John Tipton, American politician[442] Alfred von Tirpitz, German Imperial Navy Admiral. Zum Aufrichtigen Herzen at Frankfurt-Oder[443] Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, President of the League of Nations.[66] Daniel D. Tompkins, Sixth US Vice President and governor of New York (1774-1825). First Sovereign Grand Commander of the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction, 1813-1825[444] Thomas Todd, US Associate Justice (1807–1826)[11] William R. Tolbert Jr (1913-1980) President of Liberia[445] Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton (1914-2003), British historian and peer; protagonist of the Hitler Diaries controversy. Apollo University Lodge, Oxford.[446][447] Robert Trimble, US Associate Justice (1826–1828). Union #16 in Paris, Kentucky[11] Tommy Trinder, English comedian[8] David Trippier, British conservative politician (MP 1979-1992), Provincial Grand Master of East Lancashire[448] Henry Baker Tristram, English ornithologist and Biblical scholar[98] Anthony Trollope, English novelist[8] Harry S Truman, U.S. President, Belton Lodge No. 450, Belton, Missouri. Grand Master of Missouri, 1940–1941[449] William Tubman (1895-1971) President of Liberia[445] Richard Tucker, Principal tenor, member of Perfect Ashlar Lodge No. 604 N.Y.C[30] George Turner, 18th Premier of Victoria, 1st Treasurer of Australia, Senior Grand Warden of the United Grand Lodge of Victoria 1896[450] Mark Twain - see: Samuel Langhorne Clemens at List of Freemasons (A - D) Richard Tyson, American actor[451] U William B. Umstead (13 May 1895 – 7 November 1954), Senator from and 63rd Governor of North Carolina.[1] Charles L. Underhill (20 July 1867 – 28 January 1946), United States Representative from Massachusetts. Received degrees in Soley Lodge, Somerville, Massachusetts in 1900-1901.[1] Edwin S. Underhill (7 October 1861 – 7 February 1929), U.S. Representative from New York. Member of Steuben Lodge No. 112, Bath, New York receiving degrees on 16 March, 20 April, and 18 May 1887.[1] Cecil H. Underwood (5 November 1922 – 24 November 2008), 25th and 32nd Governor of West Virginia from 1957 until 1961 and from 1997 until 2001. Both the youngest and the oldest person ever to serve as Governor of West Virginia. He was also the first guest on the television game show To Tell the Truth.[452] Raised in Phoenix Lodge No. 73, Sistersville, West Virginia in May, 1955.[1] Joseph R. Underwood (24 October 1791 – 23 August 1876), United States Representative and Senator from Kentucky. Member of Allen Lodge No. 24 in Glasgow, Kentucky.[1] Oscar Underwood (6 May 1862 – 25 January 1929), U.S. Representative and Senator from Alabama. Member of Fraternal Lodge No. 384 in Birmingham.[1] William H. Upham (3 May 1841 – 2 July 1924), 18th Governor of Wisconsin.[1] Rafael Urdaneta (24 October 1788 – 23 August 1845), Venezuelan general [6] Justo José de Urquiza (18 October 1801 – 11 April 1870), President of the Argentine Confederation from 1854 to 1860. Member "Jorge Washington" Lodge No. 44 at Conception, Argentina.[1] V Alexandru Vaida-Voevod, Three-time Prime Minister of Romania.[66] Charles H. Vail, American clergyman and author of The Ancient Mysteries and Modern Masonry. George Vail (21 July 1809 – 23 May 1875), U.S. Representative from New Jersey. Member of Cincinnati Lodge No. 3, Morristown, New Jersey, receiving degrees in July through August 1833.[1] William N. Vaile (22 June 1876 – 2 July 1927), U.S. Representative from Colorado. Raised 8 July 1911 in Union Lodge No. 7, Denver and charter member and first junior warden of Arvada Lodge No. 141 at Arvada in 1912 and served as Master in 1914. Grand Master of Grand Lodge of Colorado, 1924 to 1925.[1] Đorđe Vajfert (1850–1937), Serbian industrialist of German descent, Governor of the National Bank of Serbia and later Yugoslavia.[26][453] Edward Virginius Valentine (12 November 1838 – 19 October 1930, American sculptor. Member of Dove Lodge No. 21, Richmond, Virginia.[1] Clement Vallandigham (29 July 1820 – 17 June 1871), U.S. Representative from Ohio. Member of St. Johns Lodge No. 13 of Dayton.[1] Duke of Valmy (28 May 1735 – 23 September 1820), French military commander, later the Général d'Armée, and a Marshal of France. In 1805 he was Grand Administrateur, 33°, of the Grand Orient of France.[1] Jacob Van Braam (1 April 1729 – 1 August 1792), Dutch swordmaster and mercenary who served as Washington's French transltor during the American Revolution. Member of Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4, Fredericksburg, Virginia.[1] Pierre Van Cortlandt (10 January 1721 – 1 May 1814), First Lieutenant Governor of New York, serving 18 years, from 1777 to 1795. President of the convention at Kingston which framed the first constitution of New York in 1777. Listed as the first master of Cortlandt Lodge No. 34 of Peekskill, New York on 10 December 1804.[1] Willis Van Devanter (17 April 1859 – 8 February 1941), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Member of Acacia Lodge No. 11 and the Scottish Rite at Cheyenne, Wyoming.[1] Vedder Van Dyck (18 July 1889 – 2 August 1960), Fifth bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Vermont. Mason, with membership in Amityville, New York.[1] Nicholas Van Dyke, Jr. (20 December 1770 – 21 May 1826), U.S. Representative and Senator from Delaware. Master of St. John's Lodge No. 2, New Castle, Delaware in 1815.[1] Walter Van Dyke (1823 – 1905), Justice of the California Supreme Court. Member of Arcata Lodge No. 106, Arcata, California.[1] Robert Van Pelt (9 September 1897 – 27 April 1988), Federal Judge from Nebraska. Received degrees in 1918 in Stockville, Nebraska and was later a member of Cambridge Lodge No. 150, Cambridge, Nebraska. 33° of the Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction) and Shriner.[1] Jeremiah Van Rensselaer (27 August 1738 – 19 February 1810), Representative from New York to the First United States Congress. Member of Masters' Lodge No. 2, Albany, New York.[1] Killian K. Van Rensselaer (9 June 1763 – 18 June 1845), U.S. Representative from New York. Member of Masters' Lodge No. 2, Albany, New York in 1787.[1] Stephen Van Rensselaer (1 November 1764 – 26 January 1839), Lieutenant Governor of New York and U.S. Representative from New York. 10th Richest American of all time. Founder of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Grand master of the Grand Lodge of New York from 1825-1829.[1] Samuel Rinnah Van Sant (11 May 1844 – 3 October 1936), U.S. Representative from and 15th Governor of Minnesota. Became a member of Snow Lodge No. 44, Le Claire, Iowa in 1869, and affiliated with Winona Lodge No. 18, Winona, Minnesota in 1894.[1] Abraham Van Vechten (5 December 1762 – 6 January 1837), American lawyer and a Federalist politician who served twice as New York State Attorney General. Member of Masters' Lodge No. 2, Albany, New York in 1787.[1] Murray Van Wagoner (18 March 1898 – 12 June 1986), 38th Governor of Michigan. Member of Pontiac Lodge No. 21, Pontiac.[1] Charles C. Van Zandt (10 August – 4 June 1894), 34th Governor of Rhode Island. Member of St. Johns Lodge No. 1, Newport.[1] James E. Van Zandt (18 December 1898 – 6 January 1986), U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania. Member of Hiram Lodge No. 616, Altoona, receiving degrees on 15 April, 20 May, 24 June 1926.[1] Authur "Dazzy" Vance (4 March 1891 – 16 February 1961), Member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. Raised 23 March 1926 in Clearwater Lodge No. 127, Clearwater, Florida.[1] Joseph Vance (21 March 1786 – 24 August 1852), 13th Governor of Ohio. Member of Harmony Lodge No. 8, Urbana, and was Master in 1817.[1] Robert Vance (24 April 1828) – 28 November 1899), U.S. Representative from North Carolina. Grand Master of North Carolina in 1868 to 1869.[454] Zebulon Vance (13 May 1830 – 14 April 1894) Confederate military officer in the American Civil War, the 37th and 43rd Governor of North Carolina, and U.S. Senator. A bronze of him stands in the National Statuary Hall Collection. The towns of Zebulon, Vanceboro as well as Vance County, all in North Carolina, are named for him. He petitioned Mt. Hermon Lodge #118 in Asheville and was raised on 20 June 1853.[455] He was one of the founders of Excelsior Lodge #261 in Charlotte in 1867.[455] Arthur H. Vandenberg (22 March 1884 – 18 April 1951), U.S. Senator from Michigan. Raised 8 May 1907 at Grand River Lodge No. 34, Grand Rapids.[1] William Vandever (31 March 1817 – 23 July 1893), U.S. Representative from California and Iowa, and a general in the Federal Army during the American Civil War. Member of Dubuque Lodge No. 3, Dubuque, Iowa.[1] James K. Vardaman (26 July 1861 – 25 June 1930), U.S. Senator from and 36th Governor of Mississippi.[1] William Scott Vare (24 December 1867 – 7 August 1934), U.S. Senator and Representative from Pennsylvania. Member of Vaux Lodge No. 383 in Philadelphia.[1] José María Vargas (10 March 1786 – 13 July 1854), Third President of Venezuela.[1] Charles Varnum (21 June 1849 – 26 February 1936), Medal of Honor recipient and commander of the scouts for George Armstrong Custer in the Little Bighorn Campaign during the Great Sioux War. Life member of Olive Branch Lodge No. 47, Sturgis, South Dakota from 1881.[1] James Mitchell Varnum (17 December 1748 – 9 January 1789) American legislator, lawyer, general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and a pioneer to the Ohio Country. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 1, Providence, Rhode Island. His Masonic funeral at what is now Marietta, Ohio, was the first Masonic gathering in the Northwest Territory of record.[1] Pashko Vasa (30 June 1825 - 29 June 1892) Albanian writer, poet and publicist of the Albanian National Awakening, and Governor of Lebanon from 1882 until his death.[456] Harry H. Vaughan (26 November 1893 – 20 May 1981), U.S. Army Major General and aide to Harry S. Truman. Mason, National Sojourner, and member of Almas Shrine Temple, Washington, D.C..[1] Horace Worth Vaughan (2 December 1867 – 10 November 1922), U.S. Territorial Representative representing Hawaii and Federal Judge. Oringally from Texas, he was raised in Border Lodge No. 672, Texarkana on 7 May 1897 and was Master from 1899-1904. Was Grand Orator of Grand Lodge of Texas in 1912.[1] Richard Vaux (19 December 1816 – 22 March 1895), U. S. Representative from Pennsylvania. Raised in Lodge No. 3 in Philadelphia on 21 February 1843. As Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, he laid the cornerstone of the Philadelphia Masonic Temple in 1868.[1] James C. Veatch (19 December 1819 – 22 December 1895), Union general during the American Civil War. Member of Rockport Lodge No. 112, Rockport, Indiana.[1] Pierre-Théodore Verhaegen, Founder of the Belgian Liberal Party[144] Claude Joseph Vernet (14 August 1714 – 3 December 1789), French Painter.[1] Émile Jean-Horace Vernet (30 June 1789 – 17 January 1863), French painter.[1] George Graham Vest (6 December 1830 – 9 August 1904), U.S. Senator from Missouri. Best known for his "a man's best friend" closing arguments from the trial in which damages were sought for the killing of a dog named Old Drum on 18 October 1869.[1] Albert Henry Vestal (18 January 1875 – 1 April 1932), U. S. Representative from Indiana. Member of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 77, Anderson, Indiana, receiving degrees on 31 May, 1 and 2 June 1922.[1] Gabriel González Videla (22 November 1989 – 22 August 1980), 26th President of Chile. Was a member of Luz Esperanza Lodge No. 11 at La Serena.[1] Egbert Ludovicus Viele (17 June 1825 – 22 April 1902), U. S. Representative from New York and Union general during the American Civil War. Member of Kane Lodge No. 545, New York City.[1] Feliciano Viera (1872 – 1927), 47th President of Uruguay. Member of the Grand Orient of Uruguay[1] Armando Villegas, Colombian painter [6] George Villers, See 2nd Duke of Buckingham Bird J. Vincent (6 March 1880 – 18 July 1931), U. S. Representative from Michigan. Member of Ancient Landmarks Lodge No. 303, Saginaw having receiving degrees on 10 June, 30 June, 4 July 1909.[1] John Vining (23 December 1758 – February 1802), U.S. Senator, U. S. Representative, and Continental Congressman from Delaware. Member of Lodge No. 63 at Lewis Town, Delaware.[1] Fred M. Vinson, Chief Justice of the United States (1946–1953)[11] John Charles Vivian (30 June 1889 – 10 February 1964), 30th Governor of Colorado. Member of Golden City Lodge No. 1, Golden, Colorado.[1] Swami Vivekanada, Hindu reformist/ revivalist Leader (1863–1902)[457] François-Marie Arouet (Voltaire) (1694–1778), French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher. Initiated in 1778 by WM Ben Franklin, Loge des Neuf Sœurs, Paris. He received only the First Degree, dying less than two months later.[458] Daniel W. Voorhees (26 September 1827 – 10 April 1897), U.S. Senator and Representative from Indiana.[1] Foster McGowan Voorhees (5 November 1856 – 14 June 1927), 30th Governor of New Jersey. Raised 17 February 1899 in Washington Lodge No. 33, Elizabeth, New Jersey.[1] Ignaz von Born, Hungarian nobleman and naturalist Traian Vuia, Romanian inventor and early aviation pioneer.[66] Charles W. Vursell (8 February 1881 – 21 September 1974), U. S. Representative from Illinois. Member of Marion Lodge No. 130, Salem, Illinois receiving degrees on 19 September, 20 October, and 27 November 1906.[1] W Robert Wadlow, Tallest man recorded. Franklin Lodge #25 in Alton, Illinois[459] Elijah Wadsworth, Major General of Ohio Militia War of 1812. Master of the Erie Lodge (later Western Star Lodge No. 21) in Ohio, 1813.[460] Honus Wagner[25] General Jonathan Wainwright, WWII General; Union Lodge No.7, Junction City, Kan. 1946.[461][462] A. E. Waite, Writer on occult and esoteric matters, and Freemasonry[463] Rick Wakeman, Musician – Member of Chelsea Lodge No. 3098[176] Lew Wallace, Author of Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ, Governor of the New Mexico Territory and Union General in the American Civil War. Fountain Lodge #60 Indiana[76] John Ward, 1st Viscount Dudley and Ward, British peer and politician. Grand Master, Grand Lodge of England[464] Henry Ware (1830-1909), British Anglican Bishop, initiated in Underlay Lodge No 1074 (UGLE), and the first Bishop to serve as Grand Chaplain of the UGLE (1895).[108] Harry M. Warner, Film producer and co-founder of Warner Bros.,[52] Mount Olive Lodge No. 506, California[465][better source needed] Jack L. Warner (1892–1978), Film producer and co-founder of Warner Bros.,[52][466] Mount Olive Lodge No. 506, California[465][better source needed] Jack M. Warner (1916–1995), Film producer, Raised: 30 November 1938, Mount Olive Lodge No. 506, California.[1] Samuel L. Warner, Film producer and co-founder of Warner Bros.,[52] Mount Olive Lodge No. 506, California[465][better source needed] Sir Charles Warren, English archaeologist. Surveyor of Herod's Temple. Royal Lodge of Friendship No. 278, Gibraltar. Founding Master of Quatuor Coronati Lodge of Research.[467] Earl Warren, Chief Justice of the United States (1953–1969), Grand Master of California 1935 to 1936[11] Joseph Warren, American physician and major general during the American Revolutionary War, joined the Lodge of Saint Andrew in Boston, later serving as Grand Master of Masons in Massachusetts.[468] Booker T. Washington, American educator, President Tuskeegee Normal and Industrial Institute, Author of Up from Slavery in 1901, Mason at Sight[469] George Washington, general, politician, and first President of the United States. Initiated in Fredericksburg VA, Past Master of Alexandria Lodge No. 22, Virginia.[470] Reginald Waterfield (1867-1967), English Anglican clergyman, archdeacon, and Dean of Hereford Cathedral. Provincial Grand Master (UGLE) of Herefordshire from 1923 to 1946.[471] The Dean Waterfield Lodge No 8089 in Hereford is named after him.[472]:252 Elkanah Watson, businessman in the American revolution, associate of John Brown (Rhode Island)[473] James Watt, Scottish inventor and engineer, Royal Society. Initiated in a Scottish Lodge in 1763.[21] John Wayne, American actor, Marion McDaniel Lodge No. 56, Arizona[474] Thomas Smith Webb, New England Lodge No. 4, Worthington, Ohio, author of Freemason's Monitor or Illustrations of Masonry, sometimes called the "Founding Father of the York or American Rite" for his efforts to promote that masonic body.[475][476] Adam Weishaupt, Founder of the Illuminati[177] James Welldon (1854-1937), Headmaster of Harrow School, Chaplain to Queen Victoria, and Metropolitan Bishop of Calcutta.[477] Charles H. Wesley, Hiram Lodge No. 4, Prince Hall Affiliation, Washington, DC[478][479] Samuel Wesley, English composer[8] Philip Wharton, 1st Duke of Wharton, English politician, atheist and reputed founder of the Hellfire club[480] Jimmy Wheeler, British comedian[8] Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright, novelist, and poet, Apollo University Lodge No. 357, Oxford (UGLE)[481] John Wilkes, English politician and journalist[482] William IV, King of Great Britain, UGLE[8] Watkin Williams (1845-1944), British Anglican Bishop, initiated in Apollo University Lodge No 357 (Oxford), and Grand Chaplain of the UGLE.[188] James Wilson (Orangeman), Co-founder of the Orange Order[401] Ralph Wilson, American businessman and founder of the Buffalo Bills of the NFL, member of Kilwinning Lodge No. 297 in Detroit.[483] Roger Wilson, British Anglican Bishop and member of the British Royal Household; Grand Chaplain of UGLE 1957-1958.[484] Frederick Thomas Wimble, Australian politician and founding editor of the Cairns Post.[485] Jeff Winter, English football referee[486] Donald Wolfit, English actor[8] Levi Woodbury, US Associate Justice (1845–1851)[11] Adolphus Frederick Alexander Woodford, English clergyman noted for pioneering masonic research. Founder of Quatuor Coronati Lodge of Research.[487] William B. Woods, US Associate Justice (1881–1887)[11] William Culham Woodward, second president of Woodward's Stores Ltd in Canada and Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia from 1941-1946.[488] Clarendon Worrell, Archbishop of Nova Scotia and Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada[489] Steve Wozniak, Co-founder Apple Computers, Charity Lodge No. 362, Campbell, California[33] Christopher Wren, English architect, Master of Lodge Original, No. 1, now the Lodge of Antiquity No. 2,[490] "adopted" 18 May 1691[491] Marcellus E. Wright Sr., American architect, Scottish Rite Masonry[492] William Wyler, Film director and producer, Loyalty Lodge No. 529, California[52] Ed Wynn,[52] Lodge No. 9, Pennsylvania[493][494][495] X Madame de Xaintrailles, (? – ?), Republican heroine of the French Revolution. While wearing the uniform of a major of cavalry, she presented an aide-de-camp's commission to the lodge of Les Freres Aristes. It was resolved that the first degree (not of Adoptive Masonry but of real Masonry) should be conferred on a lady who had displayed the courage and virtues of a man.[1] Emmanuil Xanthos (1772 – 28 November 1852) was a founder of the Filiki Eteria.[496][497] Y John Yarker, English occultist – 1° Lodge of Integrity Lodge No. 189 (later 163) Manchester, 25 October 1854, affiliated with Fidelity Lodge No. 623, 27 April 1855 – Expelled from the Ancient and Accepted Rite and demitted (from all regular Freemasonry), 1862[498] Joseph C. Yates (9 November 1768 – 19 March 1837), 7th Governor of New York. Was Master of St. George's Lodge No. 6, Schenectady, New York from 1791-1796 and 1798.[1] Richard Yates, Sr. (18 January 1815 – 27 November 1873), U.S. Senator and Representative from and 13th Governor of Illinois. Was raised 26 May 1847 in Harmony Lodge No. 3, Jacksonville, Illinois.[1] Richard Yates, Jr. (12 December 1860 – 11 April 1936), U.S. Representative from and 22nd Governor of Illinois. Became member of Harmony Lodge No. 3, Jacksonville, Illinois on 27 June 1882. Grand orator of the Grand Lodge of Illinois in 1901.[1] William Yates (10 December 1720 – 5 October 1764), Clergyman in the American Colonial Church of England and fifth president of College of William & Mary. Received degrees in Williamsburg Lodge No. 6, Williamsburg, Virginia on 3 August 1773, 12 November 1773, and 28 May 1774.[1] Francis Yeats-Brown (15 August 1886 – 19 December 1944), DFC Officer of the British Indian army and author of The Lives of a Bengal Lancer.[1] Archibald Yell (9 August 1797 – 22 February 1847), U.S.Representative and 2nd Governor of Arkansas. Was first master of Shelbyville Lodge No. 49, Shelbyville, Tennessee in 1824. Elected grand master of the Grand Lodge of Tennessee in 1831. Founded what is now Washington Lodge No. 1, at Fayetteville, Arkansas.[1] Duke of York (1920-1936) (See King George VI) Third Duke of York and Albany (See Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany) Dominique You (sometimes Youx) (ca 1775 – 15 November 1830), Privateer, Pirate, and later Politician. Artillery commander of gunners recruited from pirates ships at the Battle of New Orleans under General Andrew Jackson. Member of Lodge La Concorde of New Orleans, according to a certificate dated June, 1811.[1] Brigham Young, Mormon leader – Nauvoo Lodge, Illinois, April, 1842 (Later that year, Nauvoo Lodge was declared clandestine by the Grand Lodge of Illinois, and its members were suspended)[1][499] Coleman Young (1918–1997), American politician, mayor of Detroit, Michigan from 1974 to 1993.[17] Denton T. "Cy" Young, Baseball player – raised February 29, 1904 in Mystic Tie Lodge No. 194, Dennison, Ohio[1][25][500] Lafayette Young (10 May 1848 – 15 November 1926), U.S. Senator from Iowa. Received the degrees in Pymosa Lodge No. 271, Atlantic, Iowa and was admitted to Home Lodge No. 370 of Des Moines on 9 October 1890.[1] Richard M. Young (20 February 1798 – 28 November 1861), U.S. Senator from Illinois. Member of Bodley Lodge No. 1, Quincy, Illinois, but demitted during the anti-Masonic period.[1] Luther Youngdahl (29 May 1896 – 21 June 1978), 27th Governor of Minnesota. Received degrees in Minneapolis Lodge No. 19 in 1920 and withdrew in 1923 to affiliate with University Lodge No. 316. Affiliated with Lake Harriet Lodge No. 277 on 17 February 1925 and served as master in 1938.[1] Oscar Youngdahl (13 October 1893 – 3 February 1946), U.S. Representative from Minnesota. Received degrees in Lakeview Lodge No. 143, Ortonville, Minnesota in 1918, withdrawing in 1923 to affiliate with University Lodge No. 316.[1] J. Arthur Younger (11 April 1893 – 20 June 1967), U.S. Representative from California.[1] George C. Yount (1794 – 1865), California pioneer who was the first permanent Caucasian settler in the Napa Valley. Yountville, California is named for him. Made a Freemason in Benicia Lodge No. 5 in 1850; assisted in the organization of Yount Lodge No. 12 of Napa; and in 1855 organized Caymus Lodge No. 93 at Yountville, was the lodge's first junior warden, holding some office every year thereafter until his death, and was master in 1859. He was grand Bible bearer of the Grand Lodge of California. Yount Lodge No. 12 in Napa is named for him.[1] David Levy Yulee (12 June 1810 – 10 October 1886), U.S. Senator from Florida. Member of Hayward Lodge No. 7, Gainesville, Florida.[1] Z Duiliu Zamfirescu, Romanian novelist, poet, short story writer, lawyer, nationalist politician, journalist, diplomat and memoirist.[66] Giuseppe Zanardelli (29 October 1826 – 26 December 1903), 16th Prime Minister of Italy. A Freemason, after his death the bishop of Brescia refused him a Christian burial, unless the floral offering on the coffin sent by the Italian Freemasons, was removed.[1] Darryl F. Zanuck (1902-1979), American film producer, Mount Olive Lodge No. 506, California.[1][52][501] Lorenzo de Zavala (3 October 1788 – 15 November 1836), 19th-century Mexican politician of Spanish descent. Vice-President of the Republic of Texas from 16 March 1836 to 22 October 1836. He was first master of La Independencia Lodge (location unidentified).[1] Germán Zea Hernández Colombian politician[6] 1st Earl of Zetland (See Lawrence Dundas, 1st Earl of Zetland) 2nd Earl of Zetland (See Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland) Florenz Ziegfeld, Broadway impresario and founder of the Ziegfeld's Follies. Accordia Lodge No. 277, Chicago.[1] William Ziegler (1 September 1843 – 25 May 1905), American industrialist who was one of the founders of the Royal Baking Powder Company. Organized Arctic expeditions. His original lodge is not known, but in November 1885 he affiliated with Altair Lodge No. 601, Brooklyn.[1] Fred R. Zimmerman (20 November 1880 – 14 December 1954), 25th Governor of Wisconsin.[1] Orville Zimmerman (31 December 1880 – 7 April 1948), U.S. Representative from Missouri.[1] Jovan Jovanović Zmaj, Serbian poet[26] Johann Zoffany, German-British painter[1][8] Felix Zollicoffer (19 May 1812 – 19 January 1862), U.S. Representative from Tennessee, officer of the United States Army brigadier general of the Confederate States Army. Killed at the Battle of Mill Springs. Member of Cumberland Lodge No. 8 of Nashville.[1] Heinrich Zschokke (22 March 1771 – 27 June 1848), German, later Swiss, author and reformer. He was initiated in the lodge Zur, Aufrichtigen, Herzen at Frankfurt. He preached that Freemasonry was the missing link between the church and state, and that only after the broken chain was closed again, would the world attain to higher ideals.[1] Adolph Zukor, Film producer, Centennial Lodge No. 763, New York[1][52]

  • Condition: Gebraucht
  • Condition: In Very Good Condition for its age
  • Masonic Order: Knights Templar
  • Theme: Masonic
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United Kingdom

PicClick Insights PicClick Exklusiv

  • Popularität - 2 Beobachter, 0.3 neue Beobachter pro Tag, 7 days for sale on eBay. Gute beobachtend. 0 verkauft, 1 verfügbar.
  • Popularität - Freimaurer Pin Abzeichen Freimaurer Regalia Augenpyramide Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK

    2 Beobachter, 0.3 neue Beobachter pro Tag, 7 days for sale on eBay. Gute beobachtend. 0 verkauft, 1 verfügbar.

  • Bestpreis -
  • Preis - Freimaurer Pin Abzeichen Freimaurer Regalia Augenpyramide Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK

  • Verkäufer - 4.137+ artikel verkauft. 0.1% negativ bewertungen. Großer Verkäufer mit sehr gutem positivem Rückgespräch und über 50 Bewertungen.
  • Verkäufer - Freimaurer Pin Abzeichen Freimaurer Regalia Augenpyramide Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK

    4.137+ artikel verkauft. 0.1% negativ bewertungen. Großer Verkäufer mit sehr gutem positivem Rückgespräch und über 50 Bewertungen.

    Aktuelle Bewertungen
  • Victorian Masonic Knights Templar Skull And Crossbones Velvet Apron

    EUR 94,77 10 Gebote 14h 46m

  • Masonic Pin Badge Free Mason Regalia Eye Pyramid Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK

    EUR 21,11 Sofort-Kaufen 24d 6h

  • Knight Templar Aprons, York Rite Aprons, Masonic Triangular Aprons. Kt Apron

    EUR 148,54 Sofort-Kaufen 13d 7h

  • masonic collectables

    EUR 23,67 0 Gebote 6h 35m

  • Masonic Gold Money Clip Freemason Vintage Lodge Regalia Eye Secret Society Notes

    EUR 0,01 1 Gebot 4d 8h

  • 32 -Masonic Collar Jewel Crossed Freemason Mason

    EUR 33,01 Sofort-Kaufen 13d 15h

  • EUR 132,03 Sofort-Kaufen 26d 6h

  • Vintage Freemason Royal Arch Apron, Sash, Medal, Case, Gloves. Masonic Regalia.

    EUR 17,75 1 Gebot 3d 6h

  • EUR 110,03 Sofort-Kaufen 5d 11h

  • masonic regalia

    EUR 18,93 0 Gebote 1d 1h

  • 32nd Degree Rose Croix Regalia

    EUR 88,75 Sofort-Kaufen 9d 20h

  • Masonic Royal And Select Cap Case in Elegant Purple Freemason Cap Case

    EUR 59,18 Sofort-Kaufen 23d 2h


    EUR 9,47 Sofort-Kaufen 2h 40m

  • New Lightweight Masonic Regalia Soft Case Apron Holder MM WM (OUT OF STOCK)

    EUR 112,65 Sofort-Kaufen 27d 15h

  • Masonic Regalia Master Mason Blue House Lodge Blue Backing Collar Dmr-400Sb

    EUR 38,50 Sofort-Kaufen 27d 1h

  • Masonic Regalia GRAND LODGE Mason Metal Chain Collar PURPLE Backing Adult Size

    EUR 43,99 Sofort-Kaufen 2d 6h

  • Masonic Regalia RHINESTONE GRAND LODGE Mason Metal Collar PURPLE Backing

    EUR 77,00 Sofort-Kaufen 2d 6h

  • Masonic Rose Croix polkadot Bow Tie with Red Logo BT006

    EUR 10,29 Sofort-Kaufen 18d 10h

  • Masonic Regalia Master Mason Blue House Lodge Blue Backing Gold Collar Dmr-400Gb

    EUR 38,50 Sofort-Kaufen 27d 3h

  • Masonic Regalia Blue Lodge Master Mason +APRON + COLLAR + GLOVES + CASE- Package

    EUR 82,51 Sofort-Kaufen 22h 20m


    EUR 84,48 Sofort-Kaufen 11d 9h

  • Rose Croix Red Leather Swordbelt - waist set at 40 inch but adjustable

    EUR 21,05 Sofort-Kaufen 18d 0h

  • Masonic Master Mason Hand Embroidered Apron

    EUR 85,60 Sofort-Kaufen 24d 1h

  • Masonic Regalia RHINESTONE GRAND LODGE Mason Metal Collar PURPLE BACKING

    EUR 55,00 Sofort-Kaufen 27d 6h

  • EUR 11,44 Sofort-Kaufen 5d 7h

  • Masonic Grand Lodge Master Mason 100% Lambskin Apron + Chain Collar + Gauntlets

    EUR 121,02 Sofort-Kaufen 9d 23h

  • Masonic Regalia Grand Lodge Master Mason Purple Handmade Apron with chain collar

    EUR 126,51 Sofort-Kaufen 26d 5h

  • Masonic Regalia Free Masons Masonic Blue Lodge Pedestal Covers - Set of 3 - Hand

    EUR 110,03 Sofort-Kaufen 5d 23h

  • Masonic Traditional Master Mason Round Apron Bullion Hand Embroidered

    EUR 99,02 Sofort-Kaufen 9d 20h

  • Masonic Regalia Free Masons Masonic Blue Lodge Pedestal Covers - Set of 3 - Hand

    EUR 121,02 Sofort-Kaufen 19d 21h

  • 2 BeobachterAnstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Biker Motard Flagge Siegel Freimaurer

    EUR 5,36 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • 4 BeobachterAnstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Flagge Freimaurer Knights Templar Kreuz Malta

    EUR 4,16 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Biker Siegel Freimaurer Flagge Chevalier

    EUR 5,36 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Biker Motard Baphomet Wicca Pagan Freimaurer

    EUR 5,36 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • 1 beobachterFreimaurer/ Masons Knopfloch Abzeichen/Stecker/Pin

    EUR 14,79 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • 3 BeobachterAbzeichen Orden Pin Schlaraffia Bochumensis Bochum ca 30 x 43 mm

    EUR 14,99 Sofort-Kaufen

  • Abzeichen Orden Pin Schlaraffia Mimegarda Münster 209 Willekumm ca 42 x 42 mm

    EUR 14,99 Sofort-Kaufen

  • 2 BeobachterAbzeichen Orden Pin Schlaraffia Stutgardia Stuttgart ca 32 x 30 mm

    EUR 12,99 Sofort-Kaufen

  • 1 beobachterAnstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Flagge Land Wappen Freimaurer Kreuz Jerusalem Knight

    EUR 6,03 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Flagge Freimaurer Knights Templar Kreuz Malta

    EUR 5,08 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Klein Vintage Freimaurer Abzeichen Pin 7k Gold Blau Hütte Quadratisch Kompass

    EUR 51,40 Sofort-Kaufen

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Souvenir Flagge Wappen Freimaurer Ritter Kreuzzug r2

    EUR 6,03 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Biker Motard Flagge Chevalier Freimaurer r2

    EUR 5,36 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Souvenir Flagge Land Wappen Freimaurer Ritter Crusade

    EUR 6,03 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Anstecknadel Flagge Kreuz Jerusalem Freimaurer Weiß

    EUR 5,90 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Flagge Kreuz Jerusalem Freimaurer Black Thermocollan

    EUR 5,90 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • 2 BeobachterYork Rite - Freemasonry Freimaurer Tempelritter Reversnadel Abzeichen Geschenk

    EUR 5,67 Sofort-Kaufen

  • 1 beobachteralte Anstecknadel Freimaurer ILLUMINATI 60er pin badge

    EUR 119,63 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Brosche Flagge Kreuz Orden Freimaurer Santiago

    EUR 5,90 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Biker Motard Flagge Chevalier Freimaurer r1

    EUR 5,90 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

  • Anstecknadel Pin Abzeichen Metall Brosche Flagge Kreuz Ordnung Freimaurer

    EUR 5,36 Sofort-Kaufen oder Preisvorschlag

Freimaurer Pin Abzeichen Freimaurer Regalia Augenpyramide Mysterious Strange Lodge Old UK • EUR 0,01 (2024)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Nicola Considine CPA

Last Updated:

Views: 6162

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (69 voted)

Reviews: 92% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Nicola Considine CPA

Birthday: 1993-02-26

Address: 3809 Clinton Inlet, East Aleisha, UT 46318-2392

Phone: +2681424145499

Job: Government Technician

Hobby: Calligraphy, Lego building, Worldbuilding, Shooting, Bird watching, Shopping, Cooking

Introduction: My name is Nicola Considine CPA, I am a determined, witty, powerful, brainy, open, smiling, proud person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.